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SQS uses the following three identifiers that you need to be familiar with:
When creating a new queue, you must provide a queue name that is unique within the scope of all your queues. If you create queues using both the latest WSDL and a previous version, you still have a single namespace for all your queues. SQS assigns each queue you create an identifier called a queue URL, which includes the queue name and other components that SQS determines. Whenever you want to perform an action on a queue, you provide its queue URL.
The following is the queue URL for a queue named "queue2" owned by a person with the AWS account number "123456789012".
In your system, always store the entire queue URL as Amazon SQS returned it to you when you
created the queue (for example,
build the queue URL from its separate components each time you need to specify the queue
URL in a request because Amazon SQS could change the components that make up the queue
You can also get the queue URL for a queue by listing your queues. Even though you have a single namespace for all your queues, the list of queues returned depends on the WSDL you use for the request. For more information, see ListQueues.
Each message receives a system-assigned message ID that Amazon SQS returns to you in the SendMessage response. This identifier is useful for identifying messages, but to delete a message, you need the message's receipt handle instead of the message ID. The maximum length of a message ID is 100 characters.
Each time you receive a message from a queue, you receive a receipt handle for that message. The handle is associated with the act of receiving the message, not with the message itself. To delete the message or to change the message visibility, you must provide the receipt handle and not the message ID. This means you must always receive a message before you can delete it (you can't put a message into the queue and then recall it). The maximum length of a receipt handle is 1024 characters.
If you receive a message more than once, each time you receive it, you get a different receipt handle. You must provide the most recently received receipt handle when you request to delete the message or the message might not be deleted.
Following is an example of a receipt handle.
MbZj6wDWli+JvwwJaBV+3dcjk2YW2vA3+STFFljTM8tJJg6HRG6PYSasuWXPJB+Cw Lj1FjgXUv1uSj1gUPAWV66FU/WeR4mq2OKpEGYWbnLmpRCJVAyeMjeU5ZBdtcQ+QE auMZc8ZRv37sIW2iJKq3M9MFx1YvV11A2x/KSbkJ0=