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Amazon Relational Database Service
User Guide (API Version 2014-10-31)

Oracle UTL_MAIL

Amazon RDS supports Oracle UTL_MAIL through the use of the UTL_MAIL option and SMTP servers. You can send email directly from your database by using the UTL_MAIL package. Amazon RDS supports UTL_MAIL for the following versions of Oracle:

  • Oracle version 12.1.0.2.v5 and later

  • Oracle version 12.1.0.1.v6 and later

  • Oracle version 11.2.0.4.v9 and later

The following are some limitations to using UTL_MAIL:

  • UTL_MAIL does not support Transport Layer Security (TLS) and therefore emails are not encrypted.

  • UTL_MAIL does not support authentication with SMTP servers.

  • You can only send a single attachment in an email.

  • You can't send attachments larger than 32 K.

  • You can only use ASCII and Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) character encodings.

  • SMTP port (25) is throttled by default.

When you enable UTL_MAIL, only the master user for your DB instance is granted the execute privilege. If necessary, the master user can grant the execute privilege to other users so that they can use UTL_MAIL.

Important

We recommend that you enable Oracle's built-in auditing feature to track the use of UTL_MAIL procedures.

Prerequisites for Oracle UTL_MAIL

The following are prerequisites for using Oracle UTL_MAIL:

  • One or more SMTP servers, and the corresponding IP addresses or public or private Domain Name Server (DNS) names. For more information about private DNS names resolved through a custom DNS server, see Setting Up a Custom DNS Server.

  • For Oracle versions prior to 12c, your DB instance must also use the XML DB option. For more information, see Oracle XML DB.

Adding the Oracle UTL_MAIL Option

The general process for adding the Oracle UTL_MAIL option to a DB instance is the following:

  1. Create a new option group, or copy or modify an existing option group.

  2. Add the option to the option group.

  3. Associate the option group with the DB instance.

After you add the UTL_MAIL option, as soon as the option group is active, UTL_MAIL is active.

To add the UTL_MAIL option to a DB instance

  1. Determine the option group you want to use. You can create a new option group or use an existing option group. If you want to use an existing option group, skip to the next step. Otherwise, create a custom DB option group with the following settings:

    1. For Engine, choose the edition of Oracle you want to use.

    2. For Major Engine Version, choose 11.2 or 12.1.

    For more information, see Creating an Option Group.

  2. Add the UTL_MAIL option to the option group. For more information about adding options, see Adding an Option to an Option Group.

  3. Apply the option group to a new or existing DB instance:

Using Oracle UTL_MAIL

After you enable the UTL_MAIL option, you must configure the SMTP server before you can begin using it.

You configure the SMTP server by setting the SMTP_OUT_SERVER parameter to a valid IP address or public DNS name. For the SMTP_OUT_SERVER parameter, you can specify a comma-separated list of the addresses of multiple servers. If the first server is unavailable, UTL_MAIL tries the next server, and so on.

You can set the default SMTP_OUT_SERVER for a DB instance by using a DB parameter group. You can set the SMTP_OUT_SERVER parameter for a session by running the following code on your database on your DB instance.

Copy
ALTER SESSION SET smtp_out_server = mailserver.domain.com:25;

After the UTL_MAIL option is enabled, and your SMTP_OUT_SERVER is configured, you can send mail by using the SEND procedure. For more information, see UTL_MAIL in the Oracle documentation.

Removing the Oracle UTL_MAIL Option

You can remove Oracle UTL_MAIL from a DB instance.

To remove UTL_MAIL from a DB instance, do one of the following:

  • To remove UTL_MAIL from multiple DB instances, remove the UTL_MAIL option from the option group they belong to. This change affects all DB instances that use the option group. For more information, see Removing an Option from an Option Group.

  • To remove UTL_MAIL from a single DB instance, modify the DB instance and specify a different option group that doesn't include the UTL_MAIL option. You can specify the default (empty) option group, or a different custom option group. For more information, see Modifying a DB Instance Running the Oracle Database Engine.

Troubleshooting

The following are issues you might encounter when you use UTL_MAIL with Amazon RDS.

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