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If your Amazon S3 bucket is configured for website hosting, you can redirect requests for an
object to another object in the same bucket or to an external URL. You set the
redirect by adding the
x-amz-website-redirect-location property to the
The website then interprets the object as 301 redirect. To redirect a request to
another object, you set the redirect location to the key of the target object. To
redirect a request to an external URL, you set the redirect location to the URL that
you want. For more information about object metadata, see System-Defined Metadata.
A bucket configured for website hosting has both the website endpoint and the REST endpoint. A request for a page that is configured as a 301 redirect has the following possible outcomes, depending on the endpoint of the request:
Region-specific website endpoint – Amazon S3 redirects the page request according to
the value of the
REST endpoint – Amazon S3 does not redirect the page request. It returns the requested object.
For more information about the endpoints, see Key Differences Between the Amazon Website and the REST API Endpoint.
You can set a page redirect from the Amazon S3 console or by using the Amazon S3 REST API
You can use the Amazon S3 console to set the website redirect location in the metadata of the object. When you set a page redirect, you can either keep or delete the source object content. For example, suppose you have a page1.html object in your bucket. To redirect any requests for this page to another object, page2.html , you can do one of the following:
To keep the content of the
page1.html object and only redirect page
requests, under Properties for
page1.html, click the Metadata tab. Add Website Redirect Location to the
metadata, as shown in the following example, and set its value
/ prefix in the
value is required.
You can also set the value to an external URL, such as
To delete the content of the page1.html object and redirect requests, you can
upload a new zero-byte object with the same key, page1.html, to replace the existing object,
and then specify
Website Redirect Location for page1.html in the
upload process. For information about uploading an object, go to
Uploading Objects into Amazon S3 in the Amazon Simple Storage Service Console User Guide.
The following Amazon S3 API actions support the
header in the request. Amazon S3 stores the header value in the object metadata as
When setting a page redirect you can either keep or delete the object content. For example,
suppose you have a
page1.html object in your bucket.
To keep the content of
page1.html and only redirect page requests, you can
submit a PUT Object - Copy request to create a new
page1.html object that uses the existing
page1.html object as the source. In your request,
you set the
When the request is complete, you have the original page with its
content unchanged, but Amazon S3 redirects any requests for the page
to the redirect location that you specify.
To delete the content of the
page1.html object and redirect requests for
the page, you can send a PUT Object request to upload a zero-byte
object that has the same object key,
page1.html. In the
PUT request, you set
page1.html to the new object. When the request is
page1.html has no content, and any requests
will be redirected to the location that is specified by
When you retrieve the object using the GET Object action, along with other object metadata, Amazon S3 returns
x-amz-website-redirect-location header in the response.