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Amazon DynamoDB
Developer Guide (API Version 2012-08-10)

Example: Handling Binary Type Attributes Using the AWS SDK for .NET Low-Level API

The following C# code example illustrates the handling of binary type attributes. The example adds an item to the Reply table. The item includes a binary type attribute (ExtendedMessage) that stores compressed data. The example then retrieves the item and prints all the attribute values. For illustration, the example uses the GZipStream class to compress a sample stream and assigns it to the ExtendedMessage attribute, and decompresses it when printing the attribute value.

If you followed the steps in Creating Tables and Loading Sample Data, you already have the Reply table created. You can also create these sample tables programmatically. For more information, see Creating Example Tables and Uploading Data Using the AWS SDK for .NET.

For step-by-step instructions to test the following sample, see .NET Code Samples.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.IO.Compression;
using Amazon.DynamoDBv2;
using Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model;
using Amazon.Runtime;

namespace com.amazonaws.codesamples
{
    class LowLevelItemBinaryExample
    {
        private static string tableName = "Reply";
        private static AmazonDynamoDBClient client = new AmazonDynamoDBClient();

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            // Reply table primary key.
            string replyIdPartitionKey = "Amazon DynamoDB#DynamoDB Thread 1";
            string replyDateTimeSortKey = Convert.ToString(DateTime.UtcNow);

            try
            {
                CreateItem(replyIdPartitionKey, replyDateTimeSortKey);
                RetrieveItem(replyIdPartitionKey, replyDateTimeSortKey);
                // Delete item.
                DeleteItem(replyIdPartitionKey, replyDateTimeSortKey);
                Console.WriteLine("To continue, press Enter");
                Console.ReadLine();
            }
            catch (AmazonDynamoDBException e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message); }
            catch (AmazonServiceException e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message); }
            catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message); }
        }

        private static void CreateItem(string partitionKey, string sortKey)
        {
            MemoryStream compressedMessage = ToGzipMemoryStream("Some long extended message to compress.");
            var request = new PutItemRequest
            {
                TableName = tableName,
                Item = new Dictionary<string, AttributeValue>()
        {
          { "Id", new AttributeValue { S = partitionKey }},
          { "ReplyDateTime", new AttributeValue { S = sortKey }},
          { "Subject", new AttributeValue { S = "Binary type " }},
          { "Message", new AttributeValue { S = "Some message about the binary type" }},
          { "ExtendedMessage", new AttributeValue { B = compressedMessage }}
        }
            };
            client.PutItem(request);
        }

        private static void RetrieveItem(string partitionKey, string sortKey)
        {
            var request = new GetItemRequest
            {
                TableName = tableName,
                Key = new Dictionary<string, AttributeValue>()
        {
          { "Id", new AttributeValue { S = partitionKey } },
          { "ReplyDateTime", new AttributeValue { S = sortKey } }
        },
                ConsistentRead = true
            };
            var response = client.GetItem(request);

            // Check the response.
            var attributeList = response.Item; // attribute list in the response.
            Console.WriteLine("\nPrinting item after retrieving it ............");

            PrintItem(attributeList);
        }

        private static void DeleteItem(string partitionKey, string sortKey)
        {
            var request = new DeleteItemRequest
            {
                TableName = tableName,
                Key = new Dictionary<string, AttributeValue>()
        {
          { "Id", new AttributeValue { S = partitionKey } },
          { "ReplyDateTime", new AttributeValue { S = sortKey } }
        }
            };
            var response = client.DeleteItem(request);
        }

        private static void PrintItem(Dictionary<string, AttributeValue> attributeList)
        {
            foreach (KeyValuePair<string, AttributeValue> kvp in attributeList)
            {
                string attributeName = kvp.Key;
                AttributeValue value = kvp.Value;

                Console.WriteLine(
                    attributeName + " " +
                    (value.S == null ? "" : "S=[" + value.S + "]") +
                    (value.N == null ? "" : "N=[" + value.N + "]") +
                    (value.SS == null ? "" : "SS=[" + string.Join(",", value.SS.ToArray()) + "]") +
                    (value.NS == null ? "" : "NS=[" + string.Join(",", value.NS.ToArray()) + "]") +
                    (value.B == null ? "" : "B=[" + FromGzipMemoryStream(value.B) + "]")
                );
            }
            Console.WriteLine("************************************************");
        }

        private static MemoryStream ToGzipMemoryStream(string value)
        {
            MemoryStream output = new MemoryStream();
            using (GZipStream zipStream = new GZipStream(output, CompressionMode.Compress, true))
            using (StreamWriter writer = new StreamWriter(zipStream))
            {
                writer.Write(value);
            }
            return output;
        }

        private static string FromGzipMemoryStream(MemoryStream stream)
        {
            using (GZipStream zipStream = new GZipStream(stream, CompressionMode.Decompress))
            using (StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(zipStream))
            {
                return reader.ReadToEnd();
            }
        }

    }
}