Menu
AWS Flow Framework for Java
Developer Guide (API Version 2012-01-25)

HelloWorldWorkflowParallel Application

The preceding versions of Hello World! all use a linear workflow topology. However, Amazon SWF isn't limited to linear topologies. The HelloWorldWorkflowParallel application is a modified version of HelloWorldWorkflow that uses a parallel topology, as shown in the following figure.


          HelloWorldWorkflowParallel workflow topology

With HelloWorldWorkflowParallel, getName and getGreeting run in parallel and each return part of the greeting. say then merges the two strings into a greeting, and prints it to the console.

To implement the application, create a copy of the helloWorld.HelloWorldWorkflow package in your project directory and name it helloWorld.HelloWorldWorkflowParallel. The following sections describe how to modify the original HelloWorldWorkflow code to run getName and getGreeting in parallel.

HelloWorldWorkflowParallel Activities Worker

The HelloWorldWorkflowParallel activities interface is implemented in GreeterActivities, as shown in the following example.

Copy
import com.amazonaws.services.simpleworkflow.flow.annotations.Activities; import com.amazonaws.services.simpleworkflow.flow.annotations.ActivityRegistrationOptions; @Activities(version="5.0") @ActivityRegistrationOptions(defaultTaskScheduleToStartTimeoutSeconds = 300, defaultTaskStartToCloseTimeoutSeconds = 10) public interface GreeterActivities { public String getName(); public String getGreeting(); public void say(String greeting, String name); }

The interface is similar to HelloWorldWorkflow, with the following exceptions:

  • getGreeting doesn't take any input; it simply returns a greeting string.

  • say takes two input strings, the greeting and the name.

  • The interface has a new version number, which is required any time that you change a registered interface.

HelloWorldWorkflowParallel implements the activities in GreeterActivitiesImpl, as follows:

Copy
public class GreeterActivitiesImpl implements GreeterActivities { @Override public String getName() { return "World!"; } @Override public String getGreeting() { return "Hello "; } @Override public void say(String greeting, String name) { System.out.println(greeting + name); } }

getName and getGreeting now simply return half of the greeting string. say concatenates the two pieces to produce the complete phrase, and prints it to the console.

HelloWorldWorkflowParallel Workflow Worker

The HelloWorldWorkflowParallel workflow interface is implemented in GreeterWorkflow, as follows:

Copy
import com.amazonaws.services.simpleworkflow.flow.annotations.Execute; import com.amazonaws.services.simpleworkflow.flow.annotations.Workflow; import com.amazonaws.services.simpleworkflow.flow.annotations.WorkflowRegistrationOptions; @Workflow @WorkflowRegistrationOptions(defaultExecutionStartToCloseTimeoutSeconds = 3600) public interface GreeterWorkflow { @Execute(version = "5.0") public void greet(); }

The class is identical to the HelloWorldWorkflow version, except that the version number has been changed to match the activities worker.

The workflow is implemented in GreeterWorkflowImpl, as follows:

Copy
import com.amazonaws.services.simpleworkflow.flow.core.Promise; public class GreeterWorkflowImpl implements GreeterWorkflow { private GreeterActivitiesClient operations = new GreeterActivitiesClientImpl(); public void greet() { Promise<String> name = operations.getName(); Promise<String> greeting = operations.getGreeting(); operations.say(greeting, name); } }

At a glance, this implementation looks very similar to HelloWorldWorkflow; the three activities client methods execute in sequence. However, the activities don't.

  • HelloWorldWorkflow passed name to getGreeting. Because name was a Promise<T> object, getGreeting deferred executing the activity until getName completed, so the two activities executed in sequence.

  • HelloWorldWorkflowParallel doesn't pass any input getName or getGreeting. Neither method defers execution and the associated activity methods execute immediately, in parallel.

The say activity takes both greeting and name as input parameters. Because they are Promise<T> objects, say defers execution until both activities complete, and then constructs and prints the greeting.

Notice that HelloWorldWorkflowParallel doesn't use any special modeling code to define the workflow topology. It does it implicitly by using standard Java flow control and taking advantage of the properties of Promise<T> objects. AWS Flow Framework for Java applications can implement even complex topologies simply by using Promise<T> objects in conjunction with conventional Java control flow constructs.

HelloWorldWorkflowParallel Workflow and Activities Host and Starter

HelloWorldWorkflowParallel implements GreeterWorker as the host class for the workflow and activity implementations. It is identical to the HelloWorldWorkflow implementation except for the taskListToPoll name, which is set to "HelloWorldParallelList".

HelloWorldWorkflowParallel implements the workflow starter in GreeterMain, and it is identical to the HelloWorldWorkflow implementation.

To execute the workflow, run GreeterWorker and GreeterMain, just as with HelloWorldWorkflow.