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Amazon API Gateway
Developer Guide

Set up a Gateway Response Using the API Gateway Console

To customize a gateway response using the API Gateway console

  1. Sign in to the API Gateway console.

  2. Choose your existing API or create a new one.

  3. Expand the API in the primary navigation pane and choose Gateway Responses under the API.

  4. In the Gateway Responses pane, choose a response type. In this walkthrough, we use Missing Authentication Token (403) as an example.

  5. You can change the API Gateway-generated Status Code to return a different status code that meets your API's requirements. In this example, the customization changes the status code from the default (403) to 404 because this error message occurs when a client calls an unsupported or invalid resource that can be thought of as not found.

  6. To return custom headers, choose Add Header under Response Headers. For illustration purposes, we add the following custom headers:

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    Access-Control-Allow-Origin:'a.b.c' x-request-id:method.request.header.x-amzn-RequestId x-request-path:method.request.path.petId x-request-query:method.request.querystring.q

    In the preceding header mappings, a static domain name ('a.b.c') is mapped to the Allow-Control-Allow-Origin header to allow CORS access to the API; the input request header of x-amzn-RequestId is mapped to request-id in the response; the petId path variable of the incoming request is mapped to the request-path header in the response; and the q query parameter of the original request is mapped to the request-query header of the response.

  7. Under Body Mapping Templates, leave application/json for Content Type and type the following body mapping template in the Body Mapping Template editor:

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    { "message":"$context.error.messageString", "type": "$context.error.responseType", "statusCode": "'404'", "stage": "$context.stage", "resourcePath": "$context.resourcePath", "stageVariables.a": "$stageVariables.a" }

    This example shows how to map $context and $stageVariables properties to properties of the gateway response body.

  8. Choose Save.

  9. Deploy the API to a new or existing stage.

  10. Test it by calling the following CURL command, assuming the corresponding API method's Invoke URL is https://o81lxisefl.execute-api.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/custErr/pets/{petId}:

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    curl -v -H 'x-amnz-RequestId:123344566' https://o81lxisefl.execute-api.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/custErr/pets/5/type?q=1

    Because the extra query string parameter q=1 is not compatible with the API, An error is returned to trigger the specified gateway response. You should get a gateway response similar to the following:

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    > GET /custErr/pets/5?q=1 HTTP/1.1 Host: o81lxisefl.execute-api.us-east-1.amazonaws.com User-Agent: curl/7.51.0 Accept: */* HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found Content-Type: application/json Content-Length: 334 Connection: keep-alive Date: Tue, 02 May 2017 03:15:47 GMT x-amzn-RequestId: a2be05a4-2ee5-11e7-bbf2-df131ec50ae6 Access-Control-Allow-Origin: a.b.c x-amzn-ErrorType: MissingAuthenticationTokenException header-1: static x-request-query: 1 x-request-path: 5 X-Cache: Error from cloudfront Via: 1.1 441811a054e8d055b893175754efd0c3.cloudfront.net (CloudFront) X-Amz-Cf-Id: nNDR-fX4csbRoAgtQJ16u0rTDz9FZWT-Mk93KgoxnfzDlTUh3flmzA== { "message":"Missing Authentication Token", "type": MISSING_AUTHENTICATION_TOKEN, "statusCode": '404', "stage": custErr, "resourcePath": /pets/{petId}, "stageVariables.a": a }

    The preceding example assumes that the API backend is Pet Store and the API has a stage variable, a, defined.