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[ aws . ses ]

send-raw-email

Description

Composes an email message and immediately queues it for sending. When calling this operation, you may specify the message headers as well as the content. The send-raw-email operation is particularly useful for sending multipart MIME emails (such as those that contain both a plain-text and an HTML version).

In order to send email using the send-raw-email operation, your message must meet the following requirements:

  • The message must be sent from a verified email address or domain. If you attempt to send email using a non-verified address or domain, the operation will result in an "Email address not verified" error.
  • If your account is still in the Amazon SES sandbox, you may only send to verified addresses or domains, or to email addresses associated with the Amazon SES Mailbox Simulator. For more information, see Verifying Email Addresses and Domains in the Amazon SES Developer Guide.
  • The total size of the message, including attachments, must be smaller than 10 MB.
  • The message must include at least one recipient email address. The recipient address can be a To: address, a CC: address, or a BCC: address. If a recipient email address is invalid (that is, it is not in the format UserName@[SubDomain.]Domain.TopLevelDomain ), the entire message will be rejected, even if the message contains other recipients that are valid.
  • The message may not include more than 50 recipients, across the To:, CC: and BCC: fields. If you need to send an email message to a larger audience, you can divide your recipient list into groups of 50 or fewer, and then call the send-raw-email operation several times to send the message to each group.

Warning

For every message that you send, the total number of recipients (including each recipient in the To:, CC: and BCC: fields) is counted against the maximum number of emails you can send in a 24-hour period (your sending quota ). For more information about sending quotas in Amazon SES, see Managing Your Amazon SES Sending Limits in the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

Additionally, keep the following considerations in mind when using the send-raw-email operation:

  • Although you can customize the message headers when using the send-raw-email operation, Amazon SES will automatically apply its own Message-ID and Date headers; if you passed these headers when creating the message, they will be overwritten by the values that Amazon SES provides.
  • If you are using sending authorization to send on behalf of another user, send-raw-email enables you to specify the cross-account identity for the email's Source, From, and Return-Path parameters in one of two ways: you can pass optional parameters SourceArn , FromArn , and/or ReturnPathArn to the API, or you can include the following X-headers in the header of your raw email:
    • X-SES-SOURCE-ARN
    • X-SES-FROM-ARN
    • X-SES-RETURN-PATH-ARN

Warning

Do not include these X-headers in the DKIM signature; Amazon SES will remove them before sending the email.

For most common sending authorization scenarios, we recommend that you specify the SourceIdentityArn parameter and not the FromIdentityArn or ReturnPathIdentityArn parameters. If you only specify the SourceIdentityArn parameter, Amazon SES will set the From and Return Path addresses to the identity specified in SourceIdentityArn . For more information about sending authorization, see the Using Sending Authorization with Amazon SES in the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Synopsis

  send-raw-email
[--source <value>]
[--destinations <value>]
--raw-message <value>
[--from-arn <value>]
[--source-arn <value>]
[--return-path-arn <value>]
[--tags <value>]
[--configuration-set-name <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--source (string)

The identity's email address. If you do not provide a value for this parameter, you must specify a "From" address in the raw text of the message. (You can also specify both.)

By default, the string must be 7-bit ASCII. If the text must contain any other characters, then you must use MIME encoded-word syntax (RFC 2047) instead of a literal string. MIME encoded-word syntax uses the following form: =?charset?encoding?encoded-text?= . For more information, see RFC 2047 .

Note

If you specify the Source parameter and have feedback forwarding enabled, then bounces and complaints will be sent to this email address. This takes precedence over any Return-Path header that you might include in the raw text of the message.

--destinations (list)

A list of destinations for the message, consisting of To:, CC:, and BCC: addresses.

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--raw-message (structure)

The raw text of the message. The client is responsible for ensuring the following:

  • Message must contain a header and a body, separated by a blank line.
  • All required header fields must be present.
  • Each part of a multipart MIME message must be formatted properly.
  • MIME content types must be among those supported by Amazon SES. For more information, go to the Amazon SES Developer Guide .
  • Must be base64-encoded.
  • Per RFC 5321 , the maximum length of each line of text, including the CRLF, must not exceed 1,000 characters.

Shorthand Syntax:

Data=blob

JSON Syntax:

{
  "Data": blob
}

--from-arn (string)

This parameter is used only for sending authorization. It is the ARN of the identity that is associated with the sending authorization policy that permits you to specify a particular "From" address in the header of the raw email.

Instead of using this parameter, you can use the X-header X-SES-FROM-ARN in the raw message of the email. If you use both the FromArn parameter and the corresponding X-header, Amazon SES uses the value of the FromArn parameter.

Note

For information about when to use this parameter, see the description of send-raw-email in this guide, or see the Amazon SES Developer Guide .

--source-arn (string)

This parameter is used only for sending authorization. It is the ARN of the identity that is associated with the sending authorization policy that permits you to send for the email address specified in the Source parameter.

For example, if the owner of example.com (which has ARN arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com ) attaches a policy to it that authorizes you to send from user@example.com , then you would specify the SourceArn to be arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com , and the Source to be user@example.com .

Instead of using this parameter, you can use the X-header X-SES-SOURCE-ARN in the raw message of the email. If you use both the SourceArn parameter and the corresponding X-header, Amazon SES uses the value of the SourceArn parameter.

Note

For information about when to use this parameter, see the description of send-raw-email in this guide, or see the Amazon SES Developer Guide .

--return-path-arn (string)

This parameter is used only for sending authorization. It is the ARN of the identity that is associated with the sending authorization policy that permits you to use the email address specified in the ReturnPath parameter.

For example, if the owner of example.com (which has ARN arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com ) attaches a policy to it that authorizes you to use feedback@example.com , then you would specify the ReturnPathArn to be arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com , and the ReturnPath to be feedback@example.com .

Instead of using this parameter, you can use the X-header X-SES-RETURN-PATH-ARN in the raw message of the email. If you use both the ReturnPathArn parameter and the corresponding X-header, Amazon SES uses the value of the ReturnPathArn parameter.

Note

For information about when to use this parameter, see the description of send-raw-email in this guide, or see the Amazon SES Developer Guide .

--tags (list)

A list of tags, in the form of name/value pairs, to apply to an email that you send using send-raw-email . Tags correspond to characteristics of the email that you define, so that you can publish email sending events.

Shorthand Syntax:

Name=string,Value=string ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "Name": "string",
    "Value": "string"
  }
  ...
]

--configuration-set-name (string)

The name of the configuration set to use when you send an email using send-raw-email .

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

Examples

To send a raw email using Amazon SES

The following example uses the send-raw-email command to send an email with a TXT attachment:

aws ses send-raw-email --raw-message file://message.json

Output:

{
   "MessageId": "EXAMPLEf3f73d99b-c63fb06f-d263-41f8-a0fb-d0dc67d56c07-000000"
}

The raw message is a JSON data structure saved in a file named message.json in the current directory. It contains the following:

{
   "Data": "From: sender@example.com\nTo: recipient@example.com\nSubject: Test email sent using the AWS CLI (contains an attachment)\nMIME-Version: 1.0\nContent-type: Multipart/Mixed; boundary=\"NextPart\"\n\n--NextPart\nContent-Type: text/plain\n\nThis is the message body.\n\n--NextPart\nContent-Type: text/plain;\nContent-Disposition: attachment; filename=\"attachment.txt\"\n\nThis is the text in the attachment.\n\n--NextPart--"
}

As you can see, "Data" is one long string that contains the entire raw email content in MIME format, including an attachment called attachment.txt.

Replace sender@example.com and recipient@example.com with the addresses you want to use. Note that the sender's email address must be verified with Amazon SES. Until you are granted production access to Amazon SES, you must also verify the email address of the recipient unless the recipient is the Amazon SES mailbox simulator. For more information on verification, see Verifying Email Addresses and Domains in Amazon SES in the Amazon Simple Email Service Developer Guide.

The Message ID in the output indicates that the call to send-raw-email was successful.

If you don't receive the email, check your Junk box.

For more information on sending raw email, see Sending Raw Email Using the Amazon SES API in the Amazon Simple Email Service Developer Guide.

Output

MessageId -> (string)

The unique message identifier returned from the send-raw-email action.