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AWS Database Migration Service
Step-by-Step Migration Guide (API Version 2016-01-01)

Step 6: Create AWS DMS Source and Target Endpoints

While your replication instance is being created, you can specify the source and target database endpoints using the AWS Management Console. However, you can test connectivity only after the replication instance has been created, because the replication instance is used in the connection.

To specify source or target database endpoints using the console

  1. In the AWS DMS console, specify your connection information for the source SQL Server database and the target Aurora database. The following table describes the source settings.

    Parameter Description

    Endpoint Identifier

    Type a name, such as SQLServerSource.

    Source Engine

    Choose sqlserver.

    Server name

    Provide the SQL Server DB instance server name.

    Port

    Type the port number of the database. The default for SQL Server is 1433.

    SSL mode

    Choose an SSL mode if you want to enable encryption for your connection’s traffic.

    User name

    Type the name of the user you want to use to connect to the source database.

    Password

    Provide the password for the user.

    Database name

    Provide the SQL Server database name.

    The following table describes the advanced source settings.

    Parameter Description

    Extra connection attributes

    Extra parameters that you can set in an endpoint to add functionality or change the behavior of AWS DMS. A few of the most relevant attributes are listed here. Use a semicolon (;) to separate multiple entries.

    • safeguardpolicy - Changes the behavior of SQL Server by opening transactions to prevent the transaction log from being truncated while AWS DMS is reading the log. Valid values are EXCLUSIVE_AUTOMATIC_TRUNCATION or RELY_ON_SQL_SERVER_REPLICATION_AGENT (default).

    • useBCPFullLoad - Directs AWS DMS to use BCP (bulk copy) for data loading. Valid values are Y or N. When the target table contains an identity column that does not exist in the source table, you must disable the use of BCP for loading the table by setting the parameter to N.

    • BCPPacketSize - If BCP is enabled for data loads, then enter the maximum packet size used by BCP. Valid values are 1100000 (default 16384).

    • controlTablesFileGroup - Specifies the file group to use for the control tables that the AWS DMS process creates in the database.

    KMS master key

    Enter the KMS master key if you choose to encrypt your replication instance’s storage.

    The following table describes the target settings.

    Parameter Description

    Endpoint Identifier

    Type a name, such as Auroratarget.

    Target Engine

    Choose aurora.

    Server name

    Provide the Aurora DB server name for the primary instance.

    Port

    Type the port number of the database. The default for Aurora is 3306.

    SSL mode

    Choose None.

    User name

    Type the name of the user that you want to use to connect to the target database.

    Password

    Provide the password for the user.

    The following table describes the advanced target settings.

    Parameter Description

    Extra connection attributes

    Extra parameters that you can set in an endpoint to add functionality or change the behavior of AWS DMS. A few of the most relevant attributes are listed here. Use a semicolon to separate multiple entries.

    • targetDbType - By default, AWS DMS creates a different database for each schema that is being migrated. If you want to combine several schemas into a single database, set this option to targetDbType=SPECIFIC_DATABASE.

    • initstmt - Use this option to invoke the MySQL initstmt connection parameter and accept anything MySQL initstmt accepts. For an Aurora target, it’s often useful to disable foreign key checks by setting this option to initstmt=SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0.

    KMS master key

    Enter the KMS master key if you choose to encrypt your replication instance’s storage.

    The following is an example of the completed page.

    
                            Completed Replication Task Page showing Replication instance
                                created successfully

    For information about extra connection attributes, see Using Extra Connection Attributes with AWS Database Migration Service.

  2. After the endpoints and replication instance are created, test the endpoint connections by choosing Run test for the source and target endpoints.

  3. Drop foreign key constraints and triggers on the target database.

    During the full load process, AWS DMS does not load tables in any particular order, so it might load the child table data before parent table data. As a result, foreign key constraints might be violated if they are enabled. Also, if triggers are present on the target database, they might change data loaded by AWS DMS in unexpected ways.

    Copy
    ALTER TABLE 'table_name' DROP FOREIGN KEY 'fk_name'; DROP TRIGGER 'trigger_name';
  4. If you dropped foreign key constraints and triggers on the target database, generate a script that enables the foreign key constraints and triggers.

    Later, when you want to add them to your migrated database, you can just run this script.

  5. (Optional) Drop secondary indexes on the target database.

    Secondary indexes (as with all indexes) can slow down the full load of data into tables because they must be maintained and updated during the loading process. Dropping them can improve the performance of your full load process. If you drop the indexes, you must to add them back later, after the full load is complete.

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    ALTER TABLE 'table_name' DROP INDEX 'index_name';
  6. Choose Next.