AWS Lambda
Developer Guide

Step 2.3: Create the Lambda Function and Invoke It Manually (Using Sample Event Data)

In this section, you do the following:

  • Create a Lambda function, by uploading the deployment package.

  • Test the Lambda function by invoking it manually. Instead of creating an event source, you use sample event data. In the next section, you create an Android mobile app and test the end-to-end experience.

Step 2.3.1: Create a Lambda Function (Upload the Deployment Package)

In this step, you upload the deployment package using the AWS CLI.

At the command prompt, run the following Lambda CLI create-function command using the adminuser profile.

You need to update the command by providing the .zip file path and the execution role ARN. The --runtime parameter value can be nodejs6.10, nodejs4.3, or java8, depending on the language you chose to author your code.

$ aws lambda create-function \ --region us-east-1 \ --function-name AndroidBackendLambdaFunction \ --zip-file fileb://file-path-to-jar-or-zip-deployment-package \ --role execution-role-arn \ --handler handler-name \ --runtime runtime-value \ --profile adminuser

Optionally, you can upload the .zip file to an Amazon S3 bucket in the same AWS region, and then specify the bucket and object name in the preceding command. You need to replace the --zip-file parameter by the --code parameter, as shown following:

--code S3Bucket=bucket-name,S3Key=zip-file-object-key


You can create the Lambda function using the AWS Lambda console, in which case note the value of the create-function AWS CLI command parameters. You provide the same values in the console UI.

Step 2.3.2: Test the Lambda Function (Invoke Manually)

Invoke the function manually using the sample event data. We recommend that you invoke the function using the console because the console UI provides a user-friendly interface for reviewing the execution results, including the execution summary, logs written by your code, and the results returned by the function (because the console always performs synchronous execution—invokes the Lambda function using the RequestResponse invocation type).

To test the Lambda function (AWS Management Console)

  1. Follow the steps in the Getting Started exercise to create and invoke the Lambda function at Step 2.2: Invoke the Lambda Function Manually and Verify Results, Logs, and Metrics. After you choose the Lambda function, choose Configure test event from the Actions menu to specify the following sample event data:

    { "firstName": "first-name", "lastName": "last-name" }
  2. Verify the results in the console.

    • Execution result should be Succeeded with the following return value:

      { "greetings": "Hello first-name, last-name." }

    • Review the Summary and the Log output sections.

To test the Lambda function (AWS CLI)

  1. Save the following sample event JSON in a file, input.txt.

    { "firstName": "first-name", "lastName": "last-name" }

  2. Execute the following invoke command:

    $ aws lambda invoke \ --invocation-type Event \ --function-name AndroidBackendLambdaFunction \ --region us-east-1 \ --payload file://file-path/input.txt \ --profile adminuser outputfile.txt


    In this tutorial example, the message is saved in the outputfile.txt file. If you request synchronous execution (RequestResponse as the invocation type), the function returns the string message in the response body.

    For Node.js, it could be one of the following (whatever one you specify in the code):


    context.done(null, "message)

    For Java, it is the message in the return statement:

    return "message"

Next Step

Step 3: Create an Amazon Cognito Identity Pool