Menu
Amazon Lex
Developer Guide

PutBot

Creates an Amazon Lex conversational bot or replaces an existing bot. When you create or update a bot you are only required to specify a name. You can use this to add intents later, or to remove intents from an existing bot. When you create a bot with a name only, the bot is created or updated but Amazon Lex returns the response FAILED. You can build the bot after you add one or more intents. For more information about Amazon Lex bots, see Amazon Lex: How It Works.

If you specify the name of an existing bot, the fields in the request replace the existing values in the $LATEST version of the bot. Amazon Lex removes any fields that you don't provide values for in the request, except for the idleTTLInSeconds and privacySettings fields, which are set to their default values. If you don't specify values for required fields, Amazon Lex throws an exception.

This operation requires permissions for the lex:PutBot action. For more information, see Authentication and Access Control for Amazon Lex.

Request Syntax

PUT /bots/name/versions/$LATEST HTTP/1.1 Content-type: application/json { "abortStatement": { "messages": [ { "content": "string", "contentType": "string" } ], "responseCard": "string" }, "checksum": "string", "childDirected": boolean, "clarificationPrompt": { "maxAttempts": number, "messages": [ { "content": "string", "contentType": "string" } ], "responseCard": "string" }, "description": "string", "idleSessionTTLInSeconds": number, "intents": [ { "intentName": "string", "intentVersion": "string" } ], "locale": "string", "processBehavior": "string", "voiceId": "string" }

URI Request Parameters

The request requires the following URI parameters.

name

The name of the bot. The name is not case sensitive.

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 2. Maximum length of 50.

Pattern: ^[a-zA-Z]+((_[a-zA-Z]+)*|([a-zA-Z]+_)*|_)

Request Body

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.

abortStatement

When Amazon Lex can't understand the user's input in context, it tries to elicit the information a few times. After that, Amazon Lex sends the message defined in abortStatement to the user, and then aborts the conversation. To set the number of retries, use the valueElicitationPrompt field for the slot type.

For example, in a pizza ordering bot, Amazon Lex might ask a user "What type of crust would you like?" If the user's response is not one of the expected responses (for example, "thin crust, "deep dish," etc.), Amazon Lex tries to elicit a correct response a few more times.

For example, in a pizza ordering application, OrderPizza might be one of the intents. This intent might require the CrustType slot. You specify the valueElicitationPrompt field when you create the CrustType slot.

Type: Statement object

Required: No

checksum

Identifies a specific revision of the $LATEST version.

When you create a new bot, leave the checksum field blank. If you specify a checksum you get a BadRequestException exception.

When you want to update a bot, set the checksum field to the checksum of the most recent revision of the $LATEST version. If you don't specify the checksum field, or if the checksum does not match the $LATEST version, you get a PreconditionFailedException exception.

Type: String

Required: No

childDirected

For each Amazon Lex bot created with the Amazon Lex Model Building Service, you must specify whether your use of Amazon Lex is related to a website, program, or other application that is directed or targeted, in whole or in part, to children under age 13 and subject to the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) by specifying true or false in the childDirected field. By specifying true in the childDirected field, you confirm that your use of Amazon Lex is related to a website, program, or other application that is directed or targeted, in whole or in part, to children under age 13 and subject to COPPA. By specifying false in the childDirected field, you confirm that your use of Amazon Lex is not related to a website, program, or other application that is directed or targeted, in whole or in part, to children under age 13 and subject to COPPA. You may not specify a default value for the childDirected field that does not accurately reflect whether your use of Amazon Lex is related to a website, program, or other application that is directed or targeted, in whole or in part, to children under age 13 and subject to COPPA.

If your use of Amazon Lex relates to a website, program, or other application that is directed in whole or in part, to children under age 13, you must obtain any required verifiable parental consent under COPPA. For information regarding the use of Amazon Lex in connection with websites, programs, or other applications that are directed or targeted, in whole or in part, to children under age 13, see the Amazon Lex FAQ.

Type: Boolean

Required: Yes

clarificationPrompt

When Amazon Lex doesn't understand the user's intent, it uses this message to get clarification. To specify how many times Amazon Lex should repeate the clarification prompt, use the maxAttempts field. If Amazon Lex still doesn't understand, it sends the message in the abortStatement field.

When you create a clarification prompt, make sure that it suggests the correct response from the user. for example, for a bot that orders pizza and drinks, you might create this clarification prompt: "What would you like to do? You can say 'Order a pizza' or 'Order a drink.'"

Type: Prompt object

Required: No

description

A description of the bot.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 0. Maximum length of 200.

Required: No

idleSessionTTLInSeconds

The maximum time in seconds that Amazon Lex retains the data gathered in a conversation.

A user interaction session remains active for the amount of time specified. If no conversation occurs during this time, the session expires and Amazon Lex deletes any data provided before the timeout.

For example, suppose that a user chooses the OrderPizza intent, but gets sidetracked halfway through placing an order. If the user doesn't complete the order within the specified time, Amazon Lex discards the slot information that it gathered, and the user must start over.

If you don't include the idleSessionTTLInSeconds element in a PutBot operation request, Amazon Lex uses the default value. This is also true if the request replaces an existing bot.

The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes).

Type: Integer

Valid Range: Minimum value of 60. Maximum value of 86400.

Required: No

intents

An array of Intent objects. Each intent represents a command that a user can express. For example, a pizza ordering bot might support an OrderPizza intent. For more information, see Amazon Lex: How It Works.

Type: Array of Intent objects

Required: No

locale

Specifies the target locale for the bot. Any intent used in the bot must be compatible with the locale of the bot.

The default is en-US.

Type: String

Valid Values: en-US

Required: Yes

processBehavior

If you set the processBehavior element to Build, Amazon Lex builds the bot so that it can be run. If you set the element to SaveAmazon Lex saves the bot, but doesn't build it.

If you don't specify this value, the default value is Save.

Type: String

Valid Values: SAVE | BUILD

Required: No

voiceId

The Amazon Polly voice ID that you want Amazon Lex to use for voice interactions with the user. The locale configured for the voice must match the locale of the bot. For more information, see Available Voices in the Amazon Polly Developer Guide.

Type: String

Required: No

Response Syntax

HTTP/1.1 200 Content-type: application/json { "abortStatement": { "messages": [ { "content": "string", "contentType": "string" } ], "responseCard": "string" }, "checksum": "string", "childDirected": boolean, "clarificationPrompt": { "maxAttempts": number, "messages": [ { "content": "string", "contentType": "string" } ], "responseCard": "string" }, "createdDate": number, "description": "string", "failureReason": "string", "idleSessionTTLInSeconds": number, "intents": [ { "intentName": "string", "intentVersion": "string" } ], "lastUpdatedDate": number, "locale": "string", "name": "string", "status": "string", "version": "string", "voiceId": "string" }

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response.

The following data is returned in JSON format by the service.

abortStatement

The message that Amazon Lex uses to abort a conversation. For more information, see PutBot.

Type: Statement object

checksum

Checksum of the bot that you created.

Type: String

childDirected

For each Amazon Lex bot created with the Amazon Lex Model Building Service, you must specify whether your use of Amazon Lex is related to a website, program, or other application that is directed or targeted, in whole or in part, to children under age 13 and subject to the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) by specifying true or false in the childDirected field. By specifying true in the childDirected field, you confirm that your use of Amazon Lex is related to a website, program, or other application that is directed or targeted, in whole or in part, to children under age 13 and subject to COPPA. By specifying false in the childDirected field, you confirm that your use of Amazon Lex is not related to a website, program, or other application that is directed or targeted, in whole or in part, to children under age 13 and subject to COPPA. You may not specify a default value for the childDirected field that does not accurately reflect whether your use of Amazon Lex is related to a website, program, or other application that is directed or targeted, in whole or in part, to children under age 13 and subject to COPPA.

If your use of Amazon Lex relates to a website, program, or other application that is directed in whole or in part, to children under age 13, you must obtain any required verifiable parental consent under COPPA. For information regarding the use of Amazon Lex in connection with websites, programs, or other applications that are directed or targeted, in whole or in part, to children under age 13, see the Amazon Lex FAQ.

Type: Boolean

clarificationPrompt

The prompts that Amazon Lex uses when it doesn't understand the user's intent. For more information, see PutBot.

Type: Prompt object

createdDate

The date that the bot was created.

Type: Timestamp

description

A description of the bot.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 0. Maximum length of 200.

failureReason

If status is FAILED, Amazon Lex provides the reason that it failed to build the bot.

Type: String

idleSessionTTLInSeconds

The maximum length of time that Amazon Lex retains the data gathered in a conversation. For more information, see PutBot.

Type: Integer

Valid Range: Minimum value of 60. Maximum value of 86400.

intents

An array of Intent objects. For more information, see PutBot.

Type: Array of Intent objects

lastUpdatedDate

The date that the bot was updated. When you create a resource, the creation date and last updated date are the same.

Type: Timestamp

locale

The target locale for the bot.

Type: String

Valid Values: en-US

name

The name of the bot.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 2. Maximum length of 50.

Pattern: ^[a-zA-Z]+((_[a-zA-Z]+)*|([a-zA-Z]+_)*|_)

status

When you send a request to create a bot with processBehavior set to BUILD, Amazon Lex sets the status response element to BUILDING. After Amazon Lex builds the bot, it sets status to READY. If Amazon Lex can't build the bot, Amazon Lex sets status to FAILED. Amazon Lex returns the reason for the failure in the failureReason response element.

When you set processBehaviorto SAVE, Amazon Lex sets the status code to NOT BUILT.

Type: String

Valid Values: BUILDING | READY | FAILED | NOT_BUILT

version

The version of the bot. For a new bot, the version is always $LATEST.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 64.

Pattern: \$LATEST|[0-9]+

voiceId

The Amazon Polly voice ID that Amazon Lex uses for voice interaction with the user. For more information, see PutBot.

Type: String

Errors

BadRequestException

The request is not well formed. For example, a value is invalid or a required field is missing. Check the field values, and try again.

HTTP Status Code: 400

ConflictException

There was a conflict processing the request. Try your request again.

HTTP Status Code: 409

InternalFailureException

An internal Amazon Lex error occurred. Try your request again.

HTTP Status Code: 500

LimitExceededException

The request exceeded a limit. Try your request again.

HTTP Status Code: 429

PreconditionFailedException

The checksum of the resource that you are trying to change does not match the checksum in the request. Check the resource's checksum and try again.

HTTP Status Code: 412

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: