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AWS Mobile SDK
Xamarin Developer Guide

Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3)

What is S3?

Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3), provides developers with secure, durable, highly-scalable object storage. Amazon S3 is easy to use, with a simple web services interface to store and retrieve any amount of data from anywhere on the web. With Amazon S3, you pay only for the storage you actually use. There is no minimum fee and no setup cost.

Amazon S3 provides cost-effective object storage for a wide variety of use cases including cloud applications, content distribution, backup and archiving, disaster recovery, and big data analytics.

For information about AWS S3 Region availability, see AWS Service Region Availability.

Key Concepts

Bucket

Every object you store in Amazon S3 resides in a bucket. You can use buckets to group related objects in the same way that you use a directory to group files in a file system. Buckets have properties, such as access permissions and versioning status, and you can specify the region where you want them to reside.

To learn more about S3 Buckets, see Working with Buckets in the S3 Developer Guide.

Objects

Objects are the data that you store in Amazon S3. Every object resides within a bucket you create in specific AWS region.

Objects stored in a region never leave the region unless you explicitly transfer them to another region. For example, objects stored in the EU (Ireland) region never leave it. The objects stored in an Amazon S3 region physically remain in that region. Amazon S3 does not keep copies or move it to any other region. However, you can access the objects from anywhere, as long as you have necessary permissions.

Objects can be any file type: images, backup data, movies, etc. An object can be as large as 5 TB. You can have an unlimited number of objects in a bucket.

Before you can upload an object into Amazon S3, you must have write permissions to a bucket. For more information on setting bucket permissions, see Editing Bucket Permissions in the S3 Developer Guide.

To learn more about S3 objects, see Working with Objects in the S3 Developer Guide.

Object Metadata

Each object in Amazon S3 has a set of key-value pairs that represents its metadata. There are two types of metadata:

  • System metadata – Sometimes processed by Amazon S3, e.g., Content-Type, and Content-Length.

  • User metadata – Never processed by Amazon S3. User metadata is stored with the object and returned with it. The maximum size for user metadata is 2 KB, and both the keys and their values must conform to US-ASCII standards.

To learn more about S3 object metadata, see Editing Object Metadata.

Project Setup

Prerequisites

To use Amazon S3 in your application, you'll need to add the SDK to your project. To do so, follow the instructions in Setting Up the AWS Mobile SDK for .NET and Xamarin.

Create an S3 Bucket

Amazon S3 stores your application's resources in Amazon S3 buckets - cloud storage containers that live in a specific region. Each Amazon S3 bucket must have a globally unique name. You can use the Amazon S3 Console to create a bucket.

  1. Sign in to the Amazon S3 console and click Create Bucket.

  2. Enter a bucket name, select a region, and click Create.

Set Permissions for S3

The default IAM role policy grants your application access to Amazon Mobile Analytics and Amazon Cognito Sync. In order for your Cognito identity pool to access Amazon S3, you must modify the identity pool's roles.

  1. Go to the Identity and Access Management Console and click Roles in the left-hand pane.

  2. Type your identity pool name into the search box. Two roles will be listed: one for unauthenticated users and one for authenticated users.

  3. Click the role for unauthenticated users (it will have unauth appended to your identity pool name).

  4. Click Create Role Policy, select Policy Generator, and then click Select.

  5. On the Edit Permissions page, enter the settings shown in the following image, replacing the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) with your own. The ARN of an S3 bucket looks like arn:aws:s3:::examplebucket/* and is composed of the region in which the bucket is located and the name of the bucket. The settings shown below will give your identity pool full to access to all actions for the specified bucket.

  1. Click the Add Statement button and then click Next Step.

  2. The Wizard will show you the configuration that you generated. Click Apply Policy.

For more information on granting access to S3, see Granting Access to an Amazon S3 Bucket.

(optional) Configure the Signature Version for S3 Requests

Every interaction with Amazon S3 is either authenticated or anonymous. AWS uses the Signature Version 4 or Signature Version 2 algorithms to authenticate calls to the service.

All new AWS regions created after January 2014 only support Signature Version 4. However, many older regions still support Signature Version 4 and Signature Version 2 requests.

If your bucket is in one of the regions that does not support Signature Version 2 requests as listed on this page, you must set the AWSConfigsS3.UseSignatureVersion4 property to "true" like so:

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AWSConfigsS3.UseSignatureVersion4 = true;

For more information on AWS Signature versions, see Authenticating Requests (AWS Signature Version 4).

Integrating S3 with Your Application

There are two ways to interact with S3 in your Xamarin application. The two methods are explored in-depth in the following topics:

Topics