Menu
AWS SDK for .NET
Developer Guide

This documentation is for version 2.0 of the AWS SDK for .NET. For the latest version, see the AWS SDK for .NET Developer Guide for version 3.

Amazon DynamoDB Programming with Expressions by Using the AWS SDK for .NET

The following code examples demonstrate how to use the the SDK to program DynamoDB with expressions. Expressions denote the attributes that you want to read from an item in a DynamoDB table. You also use expressions when writing an item, to indicate any conditions that must be met (also known as a conditional update) and to indicate how the attributes are to be updated. Some update examples are replacing the attribute with a new value, or adding new data to a list or a map. For more information see Reading and Writing Items Using Expressions.

Sample Data

The code examples in this topic rely on the following two example items in a DynamoDB table named ProductCatalog. These items describe information about product entries in a fictitious bicycle store catalog. These items are based on the example that is provided in Case Study: A ProductCatalog Item. The data type descriptors such as BOOL, L, M, N, NS, S, and SS correspond to those in the JSON Data Format.

Copy
{ "Id": { "N": "205" }, "Title": { "S": "20-Bicycle 205" }, "Description": { "S": "205 description" }, "BicycleType": { "S": "Hybrid" }, "Brand": { "S": "Brand-Company C" }, "Price": { "N": "500" }, "Gender": { "S": "B" }, "Color": { "SS": [ "Red", "Black" ] }, "ProductCategory": { "S": "Bike" }, "InStock": { "BOOL": true }, "QuantityOnHand": { "N": "1" }, "RelatedItems": { "NS": [ "341", "472", "649" ] }, "Pictures": { "L": [ { "M": { "FrontView": { "S": "http://example/products/205_front.jpg" } } }, { "M": { "RearView": { "S": "http://example/products/205_rear.jpg" } } }, { "M": { "SideView": { "S": "http://example/products/205_left_side.jpg" } } } ] }, "ProductReviews": { "M": { "FiveStar": { "SS": [ "Excellent! Can't recommend it highly enough! Buy it!", "Do yourself a favor and buy this." ] }, "OneStar": { "SS": [ "Terrible product! Do not buy this." ] } } } }, { "Id": { "N": "301" }, "Title": { "S": "18-Bicycle 301" }, "Description": { "S": "301 description" }, "BicycleType": { "S": "Road" }, "Brand": { "S": "Brand-Company C" }, "Price": { "N": "185" }, "Gender": { "S": "F" }, "Color": { "SS": [ "Blue", "Silver" ] }, "ProductCategory": { "S": "Bike" }, "InStock": { "BOOL": true }, "QuantityOnHand": { "N": "3" }, "RelatedItems": { "NS": [ "801", "822", "979" ] }, "Pictures": { "L": [ { "M": { "FrontView": { "S": "http://example/products/301_front.jpg" } } }, { "M": { "RearView": { "S": "http://example/products/301_rear.jpg" } } }, { "M": { "SideView": { "S": "http://example/products/301_left_side.jpg" } } } ] }, "ProductReviews": { "M": { "FiveStar": { "SS": [ "My daughter really enjoyed this bike!" ] }, "ThreeStar": { "SS": [ "This bike was okay, but I would have preferred it in my color.", "Fun to ride." ] } } } }

Get a Single Item by Using Expressions and the Item's Primary Key

The following example features the Amazon.DynamoDBv2.AmazonDynamoDBClient.GetItem method and a set of expressions to get and then print the item that has an Id of 205. Only the following attributes of the item are returned: Id, Title, Description, Color, RelatedItems, Pictures, and ProductReviews.

Copy
// using Amazon.DynamoDBv2; // using Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model; var client = new AmazonDynamoDBClient(); var request = new GetItemRequest { TableName = "ProductCatalog", ProjectionExpression = "Id, Title, Description, Color, #ri, Pictures, #pr", ExpressionAttributeNames = new Dictionary<string, string> { { "#pr", "ProductReviews" }, { "#ri", "RelatedItems" } }, Key = new Dictionary<string, AttributeValue> { { "Id", new AttributeValue { N = "205" } } }, }; var response = client.GetItem(request); // PrintItem() is a custom function. PrintItem(response.Item);

In the preceding example, the ProjectionExpression property specifies the attributes to be returned. The ExpressionAttributeNames property specifies the placeholder #pr to represent the ProductReviews attribute and the placeholder #ri to represent the RelatedItems attribute. The call to PrintItem refers to a custom function as described in Print an Item.

Get Multiple Items by Using Expressions and the Table's Primary Key

The following example features the Amazon.DynamoDBv2.AmazonDynamoDBClient.Query method and a set of expressions to get and then print the item that has an Id of 301, but only if the value of Price is greater than 150. Only the following attributes of the item are returned: Id, Title, and all of the ThreeStar attributes in ProductReviews.

Copy
// using Amazon.DynamoDBv2; // using Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model; var client = new AmazonDynamoDBClient(); var request = new QueryRequest { TableName = "ProductCatalog", KeyConditions = new Dictionary<string,Condition> { { "Id", new Condition() { ComparisonOperator = ComparisonOperator.EQ, AttributeValueList = new List<AttributeValue> { new AttributeValue { N = "301" } } } } }, ProjectionExpression = "Id, Title, #pr.ThreeStar", ExpressionAttributeNames = new Dictionary<string, string> { { "#pr", "ProductReviews" }, { "#p", "Price" } }, ExpressionAttributeValues = new Dictionary<string,AttributeValue> { { ":val", new AttributeValue { N = "150" } } }, FilterExpression = "#p > :val" }; var response = client.Query(request); foreach (var item in response.Items) { // Write out the first page of an item's attribute keys and values. // PrintItem() is a custom function. PrintItem(item); Console.WriteLine("====="); }

In the preceding example, the ProjectionExpression property specifies the attributes to be returned. The ExpressionAttributeNames property specifies the placeholder #pr to represent the ProductReviews attribute and the placeholder #p to represent the Price attribute. #pr.ThreeStar specifies to return only the ThreeStar attribute. The ExpressionAttributeValues property specifies the placeholder :val to represent the value 150. The FilterExpression property specifies that #p (Price) must be greater than :val (150). The call to PrintItem refers to a custom function as described in Print an Item.

Get Multiple Items by Using Expressions and Other Item Attributes

The following example features the Amazon.DynamoDBv2.AmazonDynamoDBClient.Scan method and a set of expressions to get and then print all items that have a ProductCategory of Bike. Only the following attributes of the item are returned: Id, Title, and all of the attributes in ProductReviews.

Copy
// using Amazon.DynamoDBv2; // using Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model; var client = new AmazonDynamoDBClient(); var request = new ScanRequest { TableName = "ProductCatalog", ProjectionExpression = "Id, Title, #pr", ExpressionAttributeValues = new Dictionary<string,AttributeValue> { { ":catg", new AttributeValue { S = "Bike" } } }, ExpressionAttributeNames = new Dictionary<string, string> { { "#pr", "ProductReviews" }, { "#pc", "ProductCategory" } }, FilterExpression = "#pc = :catg", }; var response = client.Scan(request); foreach (var item in response.Items) { // Write out the first page/scan of an item's attribute keys and values. // PrintItem() is a custom function. PrintItem(item); Console.WriteLine("====="); }

In the preceding example, the ProjectionExpression property specifies the attributes to be returned. The ExpressionAttributeNames property specifies the placeholder #pr to represent the ProductReviews attribute and the placeholder #pc to represent the ProductCategory attribute. The ExpressionAttributeValues property specifies the placeholder :catg to represent the value Bike. The FilterExpression property specifies that #pc (ProductCategory) must be equal to :catg (Bike). The call to PrintItem refers to a custom function as described in Print an Item.

Print an Item

The following example shows how to print an item's attributes and values. This example is used in the preceding examples that show how to Get a Single Item by Using Expressions and the Item's Primary Key, Get Multiple Items by Using Expressions and the Table's Primary Key, and Get Multiple Items by Using Expressions and Other Item Attributes.

Copy
// using Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model; // Writes out an item's attribute keys and values. public static void PrintItem(Dictionary<string, AttributeValue> attrs) { foreach (KeyValuePair<string, AttributeValue> kvp in attrs) { Console.Write(kvp.Key + " = "); PrintValue(kvp.Value); } } // Writes out just an attribute's value. public static void PrintValue(AttributeValue value) { // Binary attribute value. if (value.B != null) { Console.Write("Binary data"); } // Binary set attribute value. else if (value.BS.Count > 0) { foreach (var bValue in value.BS) { Console.Write("\n Binary data"); } } // List attribute value. else if (value.L.Count > 0) { foreach (AttributeValue attr in value.L) { PrintValue(attr); } } // Map attribute value. else if (value.M.Count > 0) { Console.Write("\n"); PrintItem(value.M); } // Number attribute value. else if (value.N != null) { Console.Write(value.N); } // Number set attribute value. else if (value.NS.Count > 0) { Console.Write("{0}", string.Join("\n", value.NS.ToArray())); } // Null attribute value. else if (value.NULL) { Console.Write("Null"); } // String attribute value. else if (value.S != null) { Console.Write(value.S); } // String set attribute value. else if (value.SS.Count > 0) { Console.Write("{0}", string.Join("\n", value.SS.ToArray())); } // Otherwise, boolean value. else { Console.Write(value.BOOL); } Console.Write("\n"); }

In the preceding example, each attribute value has several data-type-specific properties that can be evaluated to determine the correct format to print the attribute. These properties include properties such as B, BOOL, BS, L, M, N, NS, NULL, S, and SS, which correspond to those in the JSON Data Format. For properties such as B, N, NULL, and S, if the corresponding property is not null, then the attribute is of the corresponding non-null data type. For properties such as BS, L, M, NS, and SS, if Count is greater than zero, then the attribute is of the corresponding non-zero-value data type. If all of the attribute's data-type-specific properties are either null or the Count equals zero, then the attribute corresponds to the BOOL data type.

Create or Replace an Item by Using Expressions

The following example features the Amazon.DynamoDBv2.AmazonDynamoDBClient.PutItem method and a set of expressions to update the item that has a Title of 18-Bicycle 301. If the item doesn't already exist, a new item is added.

Copy
// using Amazon.DynamoDBv2; // using Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model; var client = new AmazonDynamoDBClient(); var request = new PutItemRequest { TableName = "ProductCatalog", ExpressionAttributeNames = new Dictionary<string, string> { { "#title", "Title" } }, ExpressionAttributeValues = new Dictionary<string, AttributeValue> { { ":product", new AttributeValue { S = "18-Bicycle 301" } } }, ConditionExpression = "#title = :product", // CreateItemData() is a custom function. Item = CreateItemData() }; client.PutItem(request);

In the preceding example, the ExpressionAttributeNames property specifies the placeholder #title to represent the Title attribute. The ExpressionAttributeValues property specifies the placeholder :product to represent the value 18-Bicycle 301. The ConditionExpression property specifies that #title (Title) must be equal to :product (18-Bicycle 301). The call to CreateItemData refers to the following custom function:

Copy
// using Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model; // Provides a sample item that can be added to a table. public static Dictionary<string, AttributeValue> CreateItemData() { var itemData = new Dictionary<string, AttributeValue> { { "Id", new AttributeValue { N = "301" } }, { "Title", new AttributeValue { S = "18\" Girl's Bike" } }, { "BicycleType", new AttributeValue { S = "Road" } }, { "Brand" , new AttributeValue { S = "Brand-Company C" } }, { "Color", new AttributeValue { SS = new List<string>{ "Blue", "Silver" } } }, { "Description", new AttributeValue { S = "301 description" } }, { "Gender", new AttributeValue { S = "F" } }, { "InStock", new AttributeValue { BOOL = true } }, { "Pictures", new AttributeValue { L = new List<AttributeValue>{ { new AttributeValue { M = new Dictionary<string,AttributeValue>{ { "FrontView", new AttributeValue { S = "http://example/products/301_front.jpg" } } } } }, { new AttributeValue { M = new Dictionary<string,AttributeValue>{ { "RearView", new AttributeValue {S = "http://example/products/301_rear.jpg" } } } } }, { new AttributeValue { M = new Dictionary<string,AttributeValue>{ { "SideView", new AttributeValue { S = "http://example/products/301_left_side.jpg" } } } } } } } }, { "Price", new AttributeValue { N = "185" } }, { "ProductCategory", new AttributeValue { S = "Bike" } }, { "ProductReviews", new AttributeValue { M = new Dictionary<string,AttributeValue>{ { "FiveStar", new AttributeValue { SS = new List<string>{ "My daughter really enjoyed this bike!" } } }, { "OneStar", new AttributeValue { SS = new List<string>{ "Fun to ride.", "This bike was okay, but I would have preferred it in my color." } } } } } }, { "QuantityOnHand", new AttributeValue { N = "3" } }, { "RelatedItems", new AttributeValue { NS = new List<string>{ "979", "822", "801" } } } }; return itemData; }

In the preceding example, an example item with sample data is returned to the caller. A series of attributes and corresponding values are constructed, using data types such as BOOL, L, M, N, NS, S, and SS, which correspond to those in the JSON Data Format.

Update an Item by Using Expressions

The following example features the Amazon.DynamoDBv2.AmazonDynamoDBClient.UpdateItem method and a set of expressions to change the Title to 18" Girl's Bike for the item with Id of 301.

Copy
// using Amazon.DynamoDBv2; // using Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model; var client = new AmazonDynamoDBClient(); var request = new UpdateItemRequest { TableName = "ProductCatalog", Key = new Dictionary<string,AttributeValue> { { "Id", new AttributeValue { N = "301" } } }, ExpressionAttributeNames = new Dictionary<string, string> { { "#title", "Title" } }, ExpressionAttributeValues = new Dictionary<string, AttributeValue> { { ":newproduct", new AttributeValue { S = "18\" Girl's Bike" } } }, UpdateExpression = "SET #title = :newproduct" }; client.UpdateItem(request);

In the preceding example, the ExpressionAttributeNames property specifies the placeholder #title to represent the Title attribute. The ExpressionAttributeValues property specifies the placeholder :newproduct to represent the value 18" Girl's Bike. The UpdateExpression property specifies to change #title (Title) to :newproduct (18" Girl's Bike).

Delete an Item by Using Expressions

The following example features the Amazon.DynamoDBv2.AmazonDynamoDBClient.DeleteItem method and a set of expressions to delete the item with Id of 301, but only if the item's Title is 18-Bicycle 301.

Copy
// using Amazon.DynamoDBv2; // using Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model; var client = new AmazonDynamoDBClient(); var request = new DeleteItemRequest { TableName = "ProductCatalog", Key = new Dictionary<string,AttributeValue> { { "Id", new AttributeValue { N = "301" } } }, ExpressionAttributeNames = new Dictionary<string, string> { { "#title", "Title" } }, ExpressionAttributeValues = new Dictionary<string, AttributeValue> { { ":product", new AttributeValue { S = "18-Bicycle 301" } } }, ConditionExpression = "#title = :product" }; client.DeleteItem(request);

In the preceding example, the ExpressionAttributeNames property specifies the placeholder #title to represent the Title attribute. The ExpressionAttributeValues property specifies the placeholder :product to represent the value 18-Bicycle 301. The ConditionExpression property specifies that #title (Title) must equal :product (18-Bicycle 301).

Additional Resources

For additonal information and code examples, see: