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Class: Aws::Lex::Client

Inherits:
Seahorse::Client::Base show all
Includes:
ClientStubs
Defined in:
gems/aws-sdk-lex/lib/aws-sdk-lex/client.rb

Instance Attribute Summary

Attributes inherited from Seahorse::Client::Base

#config, #handlers

API Operations collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from ClientStubs

#stub_data, #stub_responses

Methods inherited from Seahorse::Client::Base

add_plugin, api, clear_plugins, define, new, #operation_names, plugins, remove_plugin, set_api, set_plugins

Methods included from Seahorse::Client::HandlerBuilder

#handle, #handle_request, #handle_response

Constructor Details

#initialize(*args) ⇒ Client

Returns a new instance of Client

Parameters:

  • options (Hash)

    a customizable set of options



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# File 'gems/aws-sdk-lex/lib/aws-sdk-lex/client.rb', line 142

def initialize(*args)
  super
end

Instance Method Details

#post_content(params = {}) ⇒ Types::PostContentResponse

Sends user input (text or speech) to Amazon Lex. Clients use this API to send text and audio requests to Amazon Lex at runtime. Amazon Lex interprets the user input using the machine learning model that it built for the bot.

The PostContent operation supports audio input at 8kHz and 16kHz. You can use 8kHz audio to achieve higher speech recognition accuracy in telephone audio applications.

In response, Amazon Lex returns the next message to convey to the user. Consider the following example messages:

  • For a user input "I would like a pizza," Amazon Lex might return a response with a message eliciting slot data (for example, PizzaSize): "What size pizza would you like?".

  • After the user provides all of the pizza order information, Amazon Lex might return a response with a message to get user confirmation: "Order the pizza?".

  • After the user replies "Yes" to the confirmation prompt, Amazon Lex might return a conclusion statement: "Thank you, your cheese pizza has been ordered.".

Not all Amazon Lex messages require a response from the user. For example, conclusion statements do not require a response. Some messages require only a yes or no response. In addition to the message, Amazon Lex provides additional context about the message in the response that you can use to enhance client behavior, such as displaying the appropriate client user interface. Consider the following examples:

  • If the message is to elicit slot data, Amazon Lex returns the following context information:

    • x-amz-lex-dialog-state header set to ElicitSlot

    • x-amz-lex-intent-name header set to the intent name in the current context

    • x-amz-lex-slot-to-elicit header set to the slot name for which the message is eliciting information

    • x-amz-lex-slots header set to a map of slots configured for the intent with their current values

  • If the message is a confirmation prompt, the x-amz-lex-dialog-state header is set to Confirmation and the x-amz-lex-slot-to-elicit header is omitted.

  • If the message is a clarification prompt configured for the intent, indicating that the user intent is not understood, the x-amz-dialog-state header is set to ElicitIntent and the x-amz-slot-to-elicit header is omitted.

In addition, Amazon Lex also returns your application-specific sessionAttributes. For more information, see Managing Conversation Context.

Examples:

Request syntax with placeholder values


resp = client.post_content({
  bot_name: "BotName", # required
  bot_alias: "BotAlias", # required
  user_id: "UserId", # required
  session_attributes: "AttributesString",
  request_attributes: "AttributesString",
  content_type: "HttpContentType", # required
  accept: "Accept",
  input_stream: "data", # required
})

Response structure


resp.content_type #=> String
resp.intent_name #=> String
resp.slots #=> String
resp.session_attributes #=> String
resp.message #=> String
resp.dialog_state #=> String, one of "ElicitIntent", "ConfirmIntent", "ElicitSlot", "Fulfilled", "ReadyForFulfillment", "Failed"
resp.slot_to_elicit #=> String
resp.input_transcript #=> String
resp.audio_stream #=> IO

Parameters:

  • params (Hash) (defaults to: {})

    ({})

Options Hash (params):

  • :bot_name (required, String)

    Name of the Amazon Lex bot.

  • :bot_alias (required, String)

    Alias of the Amazon Lex bot.

  • :user_id (required, String)

    The ID of the client application user. Amazon Lex uses this to identify a user's conversation with your bot. At runtime, each request must contain the userID field.

    To decide the user ID to use for your application, consider the following factors.

    • The userID field must not contain any personally identifiable information of the user, for example, name, personal identification numbers, or other end user personal information.

    • If you want a user to start a conversation on one device and continue on another device, use a user-specific identifier.

    • If you want the same user to be able to have two independent conversations on two different devices, choose a device-specific identifier.

    • A user can't have two independent conversations with two different versions of the same bot. For example, a user can't have a conversation with the PROD and BETA versions of the same bot. If you anticipate that a user will need to have conversation with two different versions, for example, while testing, include the bot alias in the user ID to separate the two conversations.

  • :session_attributes (String)

    You pass this value as the x-amz-lex-session-attributes HTTP header.

    Application-specific information passed between Amazon Lex and a client application. The value must be a JSON serialized and base64 encoded map with string keys and values. The total size of the sessionAttributes and requestAttributes headers is limited to 12 KB.

    For more information, see Setting Session Attributes.

    SDK automatically handles json encoding and base64 encoding for you when the required value (Hash, Array, etc.) is provided according to the description.

  • :request_attributes (String)

    You pass this value as the x-amz-lex-request-attributes HTTP header.

    Request-specific information passed between Amazon Lex and a client application. The value must be a JSON serialized and base64 encoded map with string keys and values. The total size of the requestAttributes and sessionAttributes headers is limited to 12 KB.

    The namespace x-amz-lex: is reserved for special attributes. Don't create any request attributes with the prefix x-amz-lex:.

    For more information, see Setting Request Attributes.

    SDK automatically handles json encoding and base64 encoding for you when the required value (Hash, Array, etc.) is provided according to the description.

  • :content_type (required, String)

    You pass this value as the Content-Type HTTP header.

    Indicates the audio format or text. The header value must start with one of the following prefixes:

    • PCM format, audio data must be in little-endian byte order.

      • audio/l16; rate=16000; channels=1

      • audio/x-l16; sample-rate=16000; channel-count=1

      • audio/lpcm; sample-rate=8000; sample-size-bits=16; channel-count=1; is-big-endian=false

    • Opus format

      • audio/x-cbr-opus-with-preamble; preamble-size=0; bit-rate=256000; frame-size-milliseconds=4

      ^

    • Text format

      • text/plain; charset=utf-8

      ^

  • :accept (String)

    You pass this value as the Accept HTTP header.

    The message Amazon Lex returns in the response can be either text or speech based on the Accept HTTP header value in the request.

    • If the value is text/plain; charset=utf-8, Amazon Lex returns text in the response.

    • If the value begins with audio/, Amazon Lex returns speech in the response. Amazon Lex uses Amazon Polly to generate the speech (using the configuration you specified in the Accept header). For example, if you specify audio/mpeg as the value, Amazon Lex returns speech in the MPEG format.

      The following are the accepted values:

      • audio/mpeg

      • audio/ogg

      • audio/pcm

      • text/plain; charset=utf-8

      • audio/* (defaults to mpeg)

  • :input_stream (required, String, IO)

    User input in PCM or Opus audio format or text format as described in the Content-Type HTTP header.

    You can stream audio data to Amazon Lex or you can create a local buffer that captures all of the audio data before sending. In general, you get better performance if you stream audio data rather than buffering the data locally.

Returns:

See Also:



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# File 'gems/aws-sdk-lex/lib/aws-sdk-lex/client.rb', line 389

def post_content(params = {}, options = {}, &block)
  req = build_request(:post_content, params)
  req.send_request(options, &block)
end

#post_text(params = {}) ⇒ Types::PostTextResponse

Sends user input (text-only) to Amazon Lex. Client applications can use this API to send requests to Amazon Lex at runtime. Amazon Lex then interprets the user input using the machine learning model it built for the bot.

In response, Amazon Lex returns the next message to convey to the user an optional responseCard to display. Consider the following example messages:

  • For a user input "I would like a pizza", Amazon Lex might return a response with a message eliciting slot data (for example, PizzaSize): "What size pizza would you like?"

  • After the user provides all of the pizza order information, Amazon Lex might return a response with a message to obtain user confirmation "Proceed with the pizza order?".

  • After the user replies to a confirmation prompt with a "yes", Amazon Lex might return a conclusion statement: "Thank you, your cheese pizza has been ordered.".

Not all Amazon Lex messages require a user response. For example, a conclusion statement does not require a response. Some messages require only a "yes" or "no" user response. In addition to the message, Amazon Lex provides additional context about the message in the response that you might use to enhance client behavior, for example, to display the appropriate client user interface. These are the slotToElicit, dialogState, intentName, and slots fields in the response. Consider the following examples:

  • If the message is to elicit slot data, Amazon Lex returns the following context information:

    • dialogState set to ElicitSlot

    • intentName set to the intent name in the current context

    • slotToElicit set to the slot name for which the message is eliciting information

    • slots set to a map of slots, configured for the intent, with currently known values

  • If the message is a confirmation prompt, the dialogState is set to ConfirmIntent and SlotToElicit is set to null.

  • If the message is a clarification prompt (configured for the intent) that indicates that user intent is not understood, the dialogState is set to ElicitIntent and slotToElicit is set to null.

In addition, Amazon Lex also returns your application-specific sessionAttributes. For more information, see Managing Conversation Context.

Examples:

Request syntax with placeholder values


resp = client.post_text({
  bot_name: "BotName", # required
  bot_alias: "BotAlias", # required
  user_id: "UserId", # required
  session_attributes: {
    "String" => "String",
  },
  request_attributes: {
    "String" => "String",
  },
  input_text: "Text", # required
})

Response structure


resp.intent_name #=> String
resp.slots #=> Hash
resp.slots["String"] #=> String
resp.session_attributes #=> Hash
resp.session_attributes["String"] #=> String
resp.message #=> String
resp.dialog_state #=> String, one of "ElicitIntent", "ConfirmIntent", "ElicitSlot", "Fulfilled", "ReadyForFulfillment", "Failed"
resp.slot_to_elicit #=> String
resp.response_card.version #=> String
resp.response_card.content_type #=> String, one of "application/vnd.amazonaws.card.generic"
resp.response_card.generic_attachments #=> Array
resp.response_card.generic_attachments[0].title #=> String
resp.response_card.generic_attachments[0].sub_title #=> String
resp.response_card.generic_attachments[0].attachment_link_url #=> String
resp.response_card.generic_attachments[0].image_url #=> String
resp.response_card.generic_attachments[0].buttons #=> Array
resp.response_card.generic_attachments[0].buttons[0].text #=> String
resp.response_card.generic_attachments[0].buttons[0].value #=> String

Parameters:

  • params (Hash) (defaults to: {})

    ({})

Options Hash (params):

  • :bot_name (required, String)

    The name of the Amazon Lex bot.

  • :bot_alias (required, String)

    The alias of the Amazon Lex bot.

  • :user_id (required, String)

    The ID of the client application user. Amazon Lex uses this to identify a user's conversation with your bot. At runtime, each request must contain the userID field.

    To decide the user ID to use for your application, consider the following factors.

    • The userID field must not contain any personally identifiable information of the user, for example, name, personal identification numbers, or other end user personal information.

    • If you want a user to start a conversation on one device and continue on another device, use a user-specific identifier.

    • If you want the same user to be able to have two independent conversations on two different devices, choose a device-specific identifier.

    • A user can't have two independent conversations with two different versions of the same bot. For example, a user can't have a conversation with the PROD and BETA versions of the same bot. If you anticipate that a user will need to have conversation with two different versions, for example, while testing, include the bot alias in the user ID to separate the two conversations.

  • :session_attributes (Hash<String,String>)

    Application-specific information passed between Amazon Lex and a client application.

    For more information, see Setting Session Attributes.

  • :request_attributes (Hash<String,String>)

    Request-specific information passed between Amazon Lex and a client application.

    The namespace x-amz-lex: is reserved for special attributes. Don't create any request attributes with the prefix x-amz-lex:.

    For more information, see Setting Request Attributes.

  • :input_text (required, String)

    The text that the user entered (Amazon Lex interprets this text).

Returns:

See Also:



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# File 'gems/aws-sdk-lex/lib/aws-sdk-lex/client.rb', line 560

def post_text(params = {}, options = {})
  req = build_request(:post_text, params)
  req.send_request(options)
end