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Class: Aws::MachineLearning::Types::RedshiftDataSpec

Inherits:
Struct
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
gems/aws-sdk-machinelearning/lib/aws-sdk-machinelearning/types.rb

Overview

Note:

When making an API call, you may pass RedshiftDataSpec data as a hash:

{
  database_information: { # required
    database_name: "RedshiftDatabaseName", # required
    cluster_identifier: "RedshiftClusterIdentifier", # required
  },
  select_sql_query: "RedshiftSelectSqlQuery", # required
  database_credentials: { # required
    username: "RedshiftDatabaseUsername", # required
    password: "RedshiftDatabasePassword", # required
  },
  s3_staging_location: "S3Url", # required
  data_rearrangement: "DataRearrangement",
  data_schema: "DataSchema",
  data_schema_uri: "S3Url",
}

Describes the data specification of an Amazon Redshift DataSource.

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Instance Attribute Details

#data_rearrangementString

A JSON string that represents the splitting and rearrangement processing to be applied to a DataSource. If the DataRearrangement parameter is not provided, all of the input data is used to create the Datasource.

There are multiple parameters that control what data is used to create a datasource:

  • percentBegin

    Use percentBegin to indicate the beginning of the range of the data used to create the Datasource. If you do not include percentBegin and percentEnd, Amazon ML includes all of the data when creating the datasource.

  • percentEnd

    Use percentEnd to indicate the end of the range of the data used to create the Datasource. If you do not include percentBegin and percentEnd, Amazon ML includes all of the data when creating the datasource.

  • complement

    The complement parameter instructs Amazon ML to use the data that is not included in the range of percentBegin to percentEnd to create a datasource. The complement parameter is useful if you need to create complementary datasources for training and evaluation. To create a complementary datasource, use the same values for percentBegin and percentEnd, along with the complement parameter.

    For example, the following two datasources do not share any data, and can be used to train and evaluate a model. The first datasource has 25 percent of the data, and the second one has 75 percent of the data.

    Datasource for evaluation: \{"splitting":\{"percentBegin":0, "percentEnd":25\}\}

    Datasource for training: \{"splitting":\{"percentBegin":0, "percentEnd":25, "complement":"true"\}\}

  • strategy

    To change how Amazon ML splits the data for a datasource, use the strategy parameter.

    The default value for the strategy parameter is sequential, meaning that Amazon ML takes all of the data records between the percentBegin and percentEnd parameters for the datasource, in the order that the records appear in the input data.

    The following two DataRearrangement lines are examples of sequentially ordered training and evaluation datasources:

    Datasource for evaluation: \{"splitting":\{"percentBegin":70, "percentEnd":100, "strategy":"sequential"\}\}

    Datasource for training: \{"splitting":\{"percentBegin":70, "percentEnd":100, "strategy":"sequential", "complement":"true"\}\}

    To randomly split the input data into the proportions indicated by the percentBegin and percentEnd parameters, set the strategy parameter to random and provide a string that is used as the seed value for the random data splitting (for example, you can use the S3 path to your data as the random seed string). If you choose the random split strategy, Amazon ML assigns each row of data a pseudo-random number between 0 and 100, and then selects the rows that have an assigned number between percentBegin and percentEnd. Pseudo-random numbers are assigned using both the input seed string value and the byte offset as a seed, so changing the data results in a different split. Any existing ordering is preserved. The random splitting strategy ensures that variables in the training and evaluation data are distributed similarly. It is useful in the cases where the input data may have an implicit sort order, which would otherwise result in training and evaluation datasources containing non-similar data records.

    The following two DataRearrangement lines are examples of non-sequentially ordered training and evaluation datasources:

    Datasource for evaluation: \{"splitting":\{"percentBegin":70, "percentEnd":100, "strategy":"random", "randomSeed"="s3://my_s3_path/bucket/file.csv"\}\}

    Datasource for training: \{"splitting":\{"percentBegin":70, "percentEnd":100, "strategy":"random", "randomSeed"="s3://my_s3_path/bucket/file.csv", "complement":"true"\}\}

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'gems/aws-sdk-machinelearning/lib/aws-sdk-machinelearning/types.rb', line 3395

class RedshiftDataSpec < Struct.new(
  :database_information,
  :select_sql_query,
  :database_credentials,
  :s3_staging_location,
  :data_rearrangement,
  :data_schema,
  :data_schema_uri)
  include Aws::Structure
end

#data_schemaString

A JSON string that represents the schema for an Amazon Redshift DataSource. The DataSchema defines the structure of the observation data in the data file(s) referenced in the DataSource.

A DataSchema is not required if you specify a DataSchemaUri.

Define your DataSchema as a series of key-value pairs. attributes and excludedVariableNames have an array of key-value pairs for their value. Use the following format to define your DataSchema.

\{ "version": "1.0",

"recordAnnotationFieldName": "F1",

"recordWeightFieldName": "F2",

"targetFieldName": "F3",

"dataFormat": "CSV",

"dataFileContainsHeader": true,

"attributes": [

\{ "fieldName": "F1", "fieldType": "TEXT" \}, \{ "fieldName": "F2", "fieldType": "NUMERIC" \}, \{ "fieldName": "F3", "fieldType": "CATEGORICAL" \}, \{ "fieldName": "F4", "fieldType": "NUMERIC" \}, \{ "fieldName": "F5", "fieldType": "CATEGORICAL" \}, \{ "fieldName": "F6", "fieldType": "TEXT" \}, \{ "fieldName": "F7", "fieldType": "WEIGHTED_INT_SEQUENCE" \}, \{ "fieldName": "F8", "fieldType": "WEIGHTED_STRING_SEQUENCE" \} ],

"excludedVariableNames": [ "F6" ] \}

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'gems/aws-sdk-machinelearning/lib/aws-sdk-machinelearning/types.rb', line 3395

class RedshiftDataSpec < Struct.new(
  :database_information,
  :select_sql_query,
  :database_credentials,
  :s3_staging_location,
  :data_rearrangement,
  :data_schema,
  :data_schema_uri)
  include Aws::Structure
end

#data_schema_uriString

Describes the schema location for an Amazon Redshift DataSource.

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'gems/aws-sdk-machinelearning/lib/aws-sdk-machinelearning/types.rb', line 3395

class RedshiftDataSpec < Struct.new(
  :database_information,
  :select_sql_query,
  :database_credentials,
  :s3_staging_location,
  :data_rearrangement,
  :data_schema,
  :data_schema_uri)
  include Aws::Structure
end

#database_credentialsTypes::RedshiftDatabaseCredentials

Describes AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) credentials that are used connect to the Amazon Redshift database.



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# File 'gems/aws-sdk-machinelearning/lib/aws-sdk-machinelearning/types.rb', line 3395

class RedshiftDataSpec < Struct.new(
  :database_information,
  :select_sql_query,
  :database_credentials,
  :s3_staging_location,
  :data_rearrangement,
  :data_schema,
  :data_schema_uri)
  include Aws::Structure
end

#database_informationTypes::RedshiftDatabase

Describes the DatabaseName and ClusterIdentifier for an Amazon Redshift DataSource.



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# File 'gems/aws-sdk-machinelearning/lib/aws-sdk-machinelearning/types.rb', line 3395

class RedshiftDataSpec < Struct.new(
  :database_information,
  :select_sql_query,
  :database_credentials,
  :s3_staging_location,
  :data_rearrangement,
  :data_schema,
  :data_schema_uri)
  include Aws::Structure
end

#s3_staging_locationString

Describes an Amazon S3 location to store the result set of the SelectSqlQuery query.

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'gems/aws-sdk-machinelearning/lib/aws-sdk-machinelearning/types.rb', line 3395

class RedshiftDataSpec < Struct.new(
  :database_information,
  :select_sql_query,
  :database_credentials,
  :s3_staging_location,
  :data_rearrangement,
  :data_schema,
  :data_schema_uri)
  include Aws::Structure
end

#select_sql_queryString

Describes the SQL Query to execute on an Amazon Redshift database for an Amazon Redshift DataSource.

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'gems/aws-sdk-machinelearning/lib/aws-sdk-machinelearning/types.rb', line 3395

class RedshiftDataSpec < Struct.new(
  :database_information,
  :select_sql_query,
  :database_credentials,
  :s3_staging_location,
  :data_rearrangement,
  :data_schema,
  :data_schema_uri)
  include Aws::Structure
end