AWS SDK Version 3 for .NET
API Reference

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Creates a new item, or replaces an old item with a new item. If an item that has the same primary key as the new item already exists in the specified table, the new item completely replaces the existing item. You can perform a conditional put operation (add a new item if one with the specified primary key doesn't exist), or replace an existing item if it has certain attribute values. You can return the item's attribute values in the same operation, using the ReturnValues parameter.

This topic provides general information about the PutItem API.

For information on how to call the PutItem API using the AWS SDK in specific languages, see the following:

When you add an item, the primary key attribute(s) are the only required attributes. Attribute values cannot be null. String and Binary type attributes must have lengths greater than zero. Set type attributes cannot be empty. Requests with empty values will be rejected with a ValidationException exception.

To prevent a new item from replacing an existing item, use a conditional expression that contains the attribute_not_exists function with the name of the attribute being used as the partition key for the table. Since every record must contain that attribute, the attribute_not_exists function will only succeed if no matching item exists.

For more information about PutItem, see Working with Items in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Note:

For PCL and Unity this operation is only available in asynchronous form. Please refer to PutItemAsync.

Namespace: Amazon.DynamoDBv2
Assembly: AWSSDK.DynamoDBv2.dll
Version: 3.x.y.z

Syntax

C#
public abstract PutItemResponse PutItem(
         String tableName,
         Dictionary<String, AttributeValue> item
)
Parameters
tableName
Type: System.String

The name of the table to contain the item.

item
Type: System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<System.String, Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model.AttributeValue>

A map of attribute name/value pairs, one for each attribute. Only the primary key attributes are required; you can optionally provide other attribute name-value pairs for the item. You must provide all of the attributes for the primary key. For example, with a simple primary key, you only need to provide a value for the partition key. For a composite primary key, you must provide both values for both the partition key and the sort key. If you specify any attributes that are part of an index key, then the data types for those attributes must match those of the schema in the table's attribute definition. For more information about primary keys, see Primary Key in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide. Each element in the Item map is an AttributeValue object.

Return Value
The response from the PutItem service method, as returned by DynamoDB.

Exceptions

ExceptionCondition
ConditionalCheckFailedException A condition specified in the operation could not be evaluated.
InternalServerErrorException An error occurred on the server side.
ItemCollectionSizeLimitExceededException An item collection is too large. This exception is only returned for tables that have one or more local secondary indexes.
ProvisionedThroughputExceededException Your request rate is too high. The AWS SDKs for DynamoDB automatically retry requests that receive this exception. Your request is eventually successful, unless your retry queue is too large to finish. Reduce the frequency of requests and use exponential backoff. For more information, go to Error Retries and Exponential Backoff in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.
ResourceNotFoundException The operation tried to access a nonexistent table or index. The resource might not be specified correctly, or its status might not be ACTIVE.

Version Information

.NET Framework:
Supported in: 4.5, 4.0, 3.5

Portable Class Library:
Supported in: Windows Store Apps
Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1
Supported in: Xamarin Android
Supported in: Xamarin iOS (Unified)
Supported in: Xamarin.Forms

Unity:
Supported Versions: 4.6 and above
Supported Platforms: Android, iOS, Standalone

See Also