AWS SDK Version 3 for .NET
API Reference

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Container for the parameters to the Scan operation. The Scan operation returns one or more items and item attributes by accessing every item in a table or a secondary index. To have DynamoDB return fewer items, you can provide a FilterExpression operation.

If the total number of scanned items exceeds the maximum data set size limit of 1 MB, the scan stops and results are returned to the user as a LastEvaluatedKey value to continue the scan in a subsequent operation. The results also include the number of items exceeding the limit. A scan can result in no table data meeting the filter criteria.

A single Scan operation will read up to the maximum number of items set (if using the Limit parameter) or a maximum of 1 MB of data and then apply any filtering to the results using FilterExpression. If LastEvaluatedKey is present in the response, you will need to paginate the result set. For more information, see Paginating the Results in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Scan operations proceed sequentially; however, for faster performance on a large table or secondary index, applications can request a parallel Scan operation by providing the Segment and TotalSegments parameters. For more information, see Parallel Scan in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Scan uses eventually consistent reads when accessing the data in a table; therefore, the result set might not include the changes to data in the table immediately before the operation began. If you need a consistent copy of the data, as of the time that the Scan begins, you can set the ConsistentRead parameter to true.

Inheritance Hierarchy

System.Object
  Amazon.Runtime.AmazonWebServiceRequest
    Amazon.DynamoDBv2.AmazonDynamoDBRequest
      Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model.ScanRequest

Namespace: Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model
Assembly: AWSSDK.DynamoDBv2.dll
Version: 3.x.y.z

Syntax

C#
public class ScanRequest : AmazonDynamoDBRequest
         IAmazonWebServiceRequest

The ScanRequest type exposes the following members

Constructors

NameDescription
Public Method ScanRequest()

Empty constructor used to set properties independently even when a simple constructor is available

Public Method ScanRequest(string)

Instantiates ScanRequest with the parameterized properties

Properties

NameTypeDescription
Public Property AttributesToGet System.Collections.Generic.List<System.String>

Gets and sets the property AttributesToGet.

This is a legacy parameter. Use ProjectionExpression instead. For more information, see AttributesToGet in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Public Property ConditionalOperator Amazon.DynamoDBv2.ConditionalOperator

Gets and sets the property ConditionalOperator.

This is a legacy parameter. Use FilterExpression instead. For more information, see ConditionalOperator in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Public Property ConsistentRead System.Boolean

Gets and sets the property ConsistentRead.

A Boolean value that determines the read consistency model during the scan:

  • If ConsistentRead is false, then the data returned from Scan might not contain the results from other recently completed write operations (PutItem, UpdateItem or DeleteItem).

  • If ConsistentRead is true, then all of the write operations that completed before the Scan began are guaranteed to be contained in the Scan response.

The default setting for ConsistentRead is false.

The ConsistentRead parameter is not supported on global secondary indexes. If you scan a global secondary index with ConsistentRead set to true, you will receive a ValidationException.

Public Property ExclusiveStartKey System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<System.String, Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model.AttributeValue>

Gets and sets the property ExclusiveStartKey.

The primary key of the first item that this operation will evaluate. Use the value that was returned for LastEvaluatedKey in the previous operation.

The data type for ExclusiveStartKey must be String, Number or Binary. No set data types are allowed.

In a parallel scan, a Scan request that includes ExclusiveStartKey must specify the same segment whose previous Scan returned the corresponding value of LastEvaluatedKey.

Public Property ExpressionAttributeNames System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<System.String, System.String>

Gets and sets the property ExpressionAttributeNames.

One or more substitution tokens for attribute names in an expression. The following are some use cases for using ExpressionAttributeNames:

  • To access an attribute whose name conflicts with a DynamoDB reserved word.

  • To create a placeholder for repeating occurrences of an attribute name in an expression.

  • To prevent special characters in an attribute name from being misinterpreted in an expression.

Use the # character in an expression to dereference an attribute name. For example, consider the following attribute name:

  • Percentile

The name of this attribute conflicts with a reserved word, so it cannot be used directly in an expression. (For the complete list of reserved words, see Reserved Words in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide). To work around this, you could specify the following for ExpressionAttributeNames:

  • {"#P":"Percentile"}

You could then use this substitution in an expression, as in this example:

  • #P = :val

Tokens that begin with the : character are expression attribute values, which are placeholders for the actual value at runtime.

For more information on expression attribute names, see Accessing Item Attributes in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Public Property ExpressionAttributeValues System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<System.String, Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model.AttributeValue>

Gets and sets the property ExpressionAttributeValues.

One or more values that can be substituted in an expression.

Use the : (colon) character in an expression to dereference an attribute value. For example, suppose that you wanted to check whether the value of the ProductStatus attribute was one of the following:

Available | Backordered | Discontinued

You would first need to specify ExpressionAttributeValues as follows:

{ ":avail":{"S":"Available"}, ":back":{"S":"Backordered"}, ":disc":{"S":"Discontinued"}
            }

You could then use these values in an expression, such as this:

ProductStatus IN (:avail, :back, :disc)

For more information on expression attribute values, see Specifying Conditions in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Public Property FilterExpression System.String

Gets and sets the property FilterExpression.

A string that contains conditions that DynamoDB applies after the Scan operation, but before the data is returned to you. Items that do not satisfy the FilterExpression criteria are not returned.

A FilterExpression is applied after the items have already been read; the process of filtering does not consume any additional read capacity units.

For more information, see Filter Expressions in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Public Property IndexName System.String

Gets and sets the property IndexName.

The name of a secondary index to scan. This index can be any local secondary index or global secondary index. Note that if you use the IndexName parameter, you must also provide TableName.

Public Property Limit System.Int32

Gets and sets the property Limit.

The maximum number of items to evaluate (not necessarily the number of matching items). If DynamoDB processes the number of items up to the limit while processing the results, it stops the operation and returns the matching values up to that point, and a key in LastEvaluatedKey to apply in a subsequent operation, so that you can pick up where you left off. Also, if the processed data set size exceeds 1 MB before DynamoDB reaches this limit, it stops the operation and returns the matching values up to the limit, and a key in LastEvaluatedKey to apply in a subsequent operation to continue the operation. For more information, see Query and Scan in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Public Property ProjectionExpression System.String

Gets and sets the property ProjectionExpression.

A string that identifies one or more attributes to retrieve from the specified table or index. These attributes can include scalars, sets, or elements of a JSON document. The attributes in the expression must be separated by commas.

If no attribute names are specified, then all attributes will be returned. If any of the requested attributes are not found, they will not appear in the result.

For more information, see Accessing Item Attributes in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Public Property ReturnConsumedCapacity Amazon.DynamoDBv2.ReturnConsumedCapacity

Gets and sets the property ReturnConsumedCapacity.

Public Property ScanFilter System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<System.String, Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model.Condition>

Gets and sets the property ScanFilter.

This is a legacy parameter. Use FilterExpression instead. For more information, see ScanFilter in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Public Property Segment System.Int32

Gets and sets the property Segment.

For a parallel Scan request, Segment identifies an individual segment to be scanned by an application worker.

Segment IDs are zero-based, so the first segment is always 0. For example, if you want to use four application threads to scan a table or an index, then the first thread specifies a Segment value of 0, the second thread specifies 1, and so on.

The value of LastEvaluatedKey returned from a parallel Scan request must be used as ExclusiveStartKey with the same segment ID in a subsequent Scan operation.

The value for Segment must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than the value provided for TotalSegments.

If you provide Segment, you must also provide TotalSegments.

Public Property Select Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Select

Gets and sets the property Select.

The attributes to be returned in the result. You can retrieve all item attributes, specific item attributes, the count of matching items, or in the case of an index, some or all of the attributes projected into the index.

  • ALL_ATTRIBUTES - Returns all of the item attributes from the specified table or index. If you query a local secondary index, then for each matching item in the index DynamoDB will fetch the entire item from the parent table. If the index is configured to project all item attributes, then all of the data can be obtained from the local secondary index, and no fetching is required.

  • ALL_PROJECTED_ATTRIBUTES - Allowed only when querying an index. Retrieves all attributes that have been projected into the index. If the index is configured to project all attributes, this return value is equivalent to specifying ALL_ATTRIBUTES.

  • COUNT - Returns the number of matching items, rather than the matching items themselves.

  • SPECIFIC_ATTRIBUTES - Returns only the attributes listed in AttributesToGet. This return value is equivalent to specifying AttributesToGet without specifying any value for Select.

    If you query or scan a local secondary index and request only attributes that are projected into that index, the operation will read only the index and not the table. If any of the requested attributes are not projected into the local secondary index, DynamoDB will fetch each of these attributes from the parent table. This extra fetching incurs additional throughput cost and latency.

    If you query or scan a global secondary index, you can only request attributes that are projected into the index. Global secondary index queries cannot fetch attributes from the parent table.

If neither Select nor AttributesToGet are specified, DynamoDB defaults to ALL_ATTRIBUTES when accessing a table, and ALL_PROJECTED_ATTRIBUTES when accessing an index. You cannot use both Select and AttributesToGet together in a single request, unless the value for Select is SPECIFIC_ATTRIBUTES. (This usage is equivalent to specifying AttributesToGet without any value for Select.)

If you use the ProjectionExpression parameter, then the value for Select can only be SPECIFIC_ATTRIBUTES. Any other value for Select will return an error.

Public Property TableName System.String

Gets and sets the property TableName.

The name of the table containing the requested items; or, if you provide IndexName, the name of the table to which that index belongs.

Public Property TotalSegments System.Int32

Gets and sets the property TotalSegments.

For a parallel Scan request, TotalSegments represents the total number of segments into which the Scan operation will be divided. The value of TotalSegments corresponds to the number of application workers that will perform the parallel scan. For example, if you want to use four application threads to scan a table or an index, specify a TotalSegments value of 4.

The value for TotalSegments must be greater than or equal to 1, and less than or equal to 1000000. If you specify a TotalSegments value of 1, the Scan operation will be sequential rather than parallel.

If you specify TotalSegments, you must also specify Segment.

Examples

The following example shows how to scan items in a table.
Note: the Scan operation goes through every item in the table to check if the item matches all the scan conditions. This makes the Scan operation particularly slow and expensive (in terms of provisioned throughput).
We will now retrieve all items where the Pages attribute is greater than the numerical value "200" and where the Title attribute contains the string "Adventures".

Scan sample


// Create a client
AmazonDynamoDBClient client = new AmazonDynamoDBClient();

// Define scan conditions
Dictionary conditions = new Dictionary();

// Title attribute should contain the string "Adventures"
Condition titleCondition = new Condition();
titleCondition.ComparisonOperator = ComparisonOperator.CONTAINS;
titleCondition.AttributeValueList.Add(new AttributeValue { S = "Adventures" });
conditions["Title"] = titleCondition;

// Pages attributes must be greater-than the numeric value "200"
Condition pagesCondition = new Condition();
pagesCondition.ComparisonOperator = ComparisonOperator.GT;;
pagesCondition.AttributeValueList.Add(new AttributeValue { N = "200" });
conditions["Pages"] = pagesCondition;


// Define marker variable
Dictionary startKey = null;

do
{
    // Create Scan request
    ScanRequest request = new ScanRequest
    {
        TableName = "SampleTable",
        ExclusiveStartKey = startKey,
        ScanFilter = conditions
    };

    // Issue request
    ScanResult result = client.Scan(request);

    // View all returned items
    List> items = result.Items;
    foreach (Dictionary item in items)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Item:");
        foreach (var keyValuePair in item)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("{0} : S={1}, N={2}, SS=[{3}], NS=[{4}]",
                keyValuePair.Key,
                keyValuePair.Value.S,
                keyValuePair.Value.N,
                string.Join(", ", keyValuePair.Value.SS ?? new List()),
                string.Join(", ", keyValuePair.Value.NS ?? new List()));
        }
    }

    // Set marker variable
    startKey = result.LastEvaluatedKey;
} while (startKey != null && startKey.Count > 0);

                

The following example shows how we can utilize parallel scan to partition a table into 10 segments and scan each segment in a separate thread.
To avoid resource contention between threads, the results will be written into 10 separate files. Each segment will have a file of its own.

Parallel scan sample


// Create a client
AmazonDynamoDBClient client = new AmazonDynamoDBClient();

// Define scan conditions
Dictionary conditions = new Dictionary();

// Pages attributes must be greater-than the numeric value "200"
Condition pagesCondition = new Condition();
pagesCondition.ComparisonOperator = ComparisonOperator.GT;
pagesCondition.AttributeValueList.Add(new AttributeValue { N = "200" });
conditions["Pages"] = pagesCondition;

// Setup 10 simultaneous threads, each thread calling Scan operation
// with its own segment value.
int totalSegments = 10;
Parallel.For(0, totalSegments, segment =>
{
    // Define marker variable
    Dictionary startKey = null;

    do
    {
        // Create Scan request
        ScanRequest request = new ScanRequest
        {
            TableName = "SampleTable",
            ExclusiveStartKey = startKey,
            ScanFilter = conditions,
            // Total segments to split the table into
            TotalSegments = totalSegments,
            // Current segment to scan
            Segment = segment
        };

        // Issue request
        var result = client.Scan(request);

        // Write returned items to file
        string path = string.Format("ParallelScan-{0}-of-{1}.txt", totalSegments, segment);
        List> items = result.Items;
        using (Stream stream = File.OpenWrite(path))
        using (StreamWriter writer = new StreamWriter(stream))
        {
            foreach (Dictionary item in items)
            {
                writer.WriteLine("Item:");
                foreach (var keyValuePair in item)
                {
                    writer.WriteLine("{0} : S={1}, N={2}, SS=[{3}], NS=[{4}]",
                        keyValuePair.Key,
                        keyValuePair.Value.S,
                        keyValuePair.Value.N,
                        string.Join(", ", keyValuePair.Value.SS ?? new List()),
                        string.Join(", ", keyValuePair.Value.NS ?? new List()));
                }
            }
        }

        // Set marker variable
        startKey = result.LastEvaluatedKey;
    } while (startKey != null && startKey.Count > 0);
});

                

Version Information

.NET Standard:
Supported in: 1.3

.NET Framework:
Supported in: 4.5, 4.0, 3.5

Portable Class Library:
Supported in: Windows Store Apps
Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1
Supported in: Xamarin Android
Supported in: Xamarin iOS (Unified)
Supported in: Xamarin.Forms

Unity:
Supported Versions: 4.6 and above
Supported Platforms: Android, iOS, Standalone