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The AWS Storage Gateway virtual machine is available as a VMware ESX .ova package. This section explains how to download the .ova file locally, deploy it to your host, and synchronize the VM time with the host time.
Synchronizing the VM time with the host time is required for successful gateway activation.
To download the VM
In the AWS Storage Gateway console, in the Setup and Activate Gateway wizard, navigate to the DOWNLOAD AND DEPLOY VM page.
Select I want to run the AWS Storage Gateway on VMware ESXi and click Continue.
Click Download to download a .zip file that contains the .ova file. Save the .zip file to a location on your computer.
The .zip file is over 500 MB in size and may take some time to download, depending on your network connection.
Connect to your hypervisor host:
Depending on the version of hypervisor you are using, the Graphical User Interface (GUI) shown in these procedures may look slightly different.
Start the VMware vSphere client on your Windows client.
In the login dialog box, enter the IP address of your host and your login credentials in the corresponding fields.
Your vSphere client is now connected to your host computer.
Deploy the AWS Storage Gateway VM on the host:
From the File menu of the vSphere client, click Deploy OVF Template.
This opens the Deploy OVF Template wizard. The wizard is a series of steps for you to provide the required information to deploy the VM.
In the Source pane, provide the file path to the AWS Storage Gateway .ova package and click Next.
In the OVF Template Details pane, click Next.
In the Name and Location pane, enter the VM name in the Name field, and then click Next.
This VM name appears in the vSphere client. However, this name is not used anywhere by AWS Storage Gateway.
The following Datastore pane is displayed only if your host has multiple data stores. In this pane, you select a data store where you want to deploy the VM and click Next. Skip to the next step if your host has only one datastore.
A datastore is a virtual representation of underlying physical storage resources. The following example shows a host that has two datastores: datastore1 and datastore2.
In the Disk Format pane, select Thick provisioned format and click Next.
When you use thick provisioning, the disk storage is allocated immediately, resulting in better performance. In contrast, thin provisioning allocates storage on demand. On-demand allocation can affect the normal function of AWS Storage Gateway. Therefore, for AWS Storage Gateway to function properly, the virtual machine disks must be stored in thick-provisioned format.
In the Ready to Complete pane, click Finish.
The AWS Storage Gateway VM starts deploying to your host.
View the details of the new VM.
Depending on the state of your vSphere client, you may need to click the Inventory icon first to view the host object that contains the new VM.
Expand the host object to view the details of the new VM.
You must ensure that your VM time is synchronized to the host time, and that the host time is correctly set. Synchronizing VM and host times is required for successful gateway activation. In this procedure, you first synchronize the time on the VM to the host time. You then check the host time and, if needed, set the host time and configure the host to synchronize its time automatically to a Network Time Protocol (NTP) server.
To synchronize VM time with host time
Configure your VM time.
In the vSphere client, right-click the name of your gateway VM and select Edit Settings.
The Virtual Machine Properties dialog box opens.
In the Options tab, select VMware Tools from the options list.
Check the Synchronize guest time with host option and click OK.
The VM synchronizes its time with the host.
Configure the host time.
It is important to make sure that your host clock is set to the correct time. If you have not configured your host clock, use the following steps to set and synchronize it with an NTP server.
In the VMware vSphere Client, select the vSphere host node in the left pane, and select the Configuration tab.
Select Time Configuration in the Software panel.
Click the Properties link.
The Time Configuration dialog box appears.
Set the date and time in the Date and Time pane.
Configure the host to synchronize its time automatically to a Network Time Protocol (NTP) server:
Click Options in the Time Configuration dialog box.
In the NTP Daemon (ntpd) Options dialog box, select NTP Settings in the left pane.
Click Add to add a new NTP server.
In the Add NTP Server dialog box, enter the IP address or the fully qualified domain name of an NTP server and click OK.
You can use
pool.ntp.org as shown
in the example.
In the NTP Daemon (ntpd) Options dialog box, click General in the left pane.
In the Service Commands pane, click Start to start the service.
Note that if you change or add another NTP server reference later, you will need to restart the service to use the new server.
Click OK to close the NTP Daemon (ntpd) Options dialog box.
Click OK to close the Time Configuration dialog box.
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