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The AWS Storage Gateway runs as a virtual machine (VM) that you deploy on a host in your data center. The host must be running VMware ESXi Hypervisor (v 4.1 or v 5) or Microsoft Hyper-V 2008 R2. A free version of VMware is available on the VMware website. A free, stand-alone version of Hyper-V is available at the Microsoft Download Center.
Once deployed, the VM will have the following configuration:
4 virtual processors assigned to the VM
7.5 GB of RAM assigned to the VM
75 GB of disk space for installation of VM image and system data
Ensure that your host provides the required hardware for the VM footprint. You also need to provide additional disk space for your application data and disk space for the gateway to use as working storage.
AWS Storage Gateway allows you to create iSCSI storage volumes for your on-premises applications to connect to and store data. AWS Storage Gateway supports the mounting of its storage volumes using the following iSCSI initiators:
Windows Server 2008 and Windows 7
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5
The following list describes the ports required in your AWS Storage Gateway deployment:
Ports 80 and 443 are used by the vSphere client and the Hyper-V manager to communicate to the host.
Port 80 is used when you activate your gateway from the AWS Storage Gateway console.
Port 3260 is the default port that your application server uses to connect to iSCSI targets.
To deploy the VM, provision virtual disks and perform other VM functions that you must connect to your on-premises host's hypervisor. The instructions in this documentation show you how to use the VMware vSphere client and the Microsoft Hyper-V Manager on a WIndows client computer to connect to the host and perform these tasks.
If you use software or hardware to restrict or filter network traffic, see Allowing AWS Storage Gateway Access through Firewalls and Routers.