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Amazon Kinesis Streams
Developer Guide

After Resharding

After any kind of resharding procedure, and before normal record processing resumes, other procedures and considerations are required. The following sections describe these.

Waiting for a Stream to Become Active Again

After you call a resharding operation, either splitShard or mergeShards, you need to wait for the stream to become active again. The code to use is the same as when you wait for a stream to become active after creating a stream. That code is reproduced below.

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DescribeStreamRequest describeStreamRequest = new DescribeStreamRequest(); describeStreamRequest.setStreamName( myStreamName ); long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis(); long endTime = startTime + ( 10 * 60 * 1000 ); while ( System.currentTimeMillis() < endTime ) { try { Thread.sleep(20 * 1000); } catch ( Exception e ) {} try { DescribeStreamResult describeStreamResponse = client.describeStream( describeStreamRequest ); String streamStatus = describeStreamResponse.getStreamDescription().getStreamStatus(); if ( streamStatus.equals( "ACTIVE" ) ) { break; } // // sleep for one second // try { Thread.sleep( 1000 ); } catch ( Exception e ) {} } catch ( ResourceNotFoundException e ) {} } if ( System.currentTimeMillis() >= endTime ) { throw new RuntimeException( "Stream " + myStreamName + " never went active" ); }

Data Routing, Data Persistence, and Shard State after a Reshard

Streams is a real-time data streaming service, which is to say that your applications should assume that data is flowing continuously through the shards in your stream. When you reshard, data records that were flowing to the parent shards are re-routed to flow to the child shards based on the hash key values that the data-record partition keys map to. However, any data records that were in the parent shards before the reshard remain in those shards. In other words, the parent shards do not disappear when the reshard occurs; they persist along with the data they contained prior to the reshard. The data records in the parent shards are accessible using the getShardIterator and getRecords operations in the Streams API, or through the Amazon Kinesis Client Library.

Note

Data records are accessible from the time they are added to the stream to the current retention period. This holds true regardless of any changes to the shards in the stream during that time period. For more information about a stream’s retention period, see Changing the Data Retention Period.

In the process of resharding, a parent shard transitions from an OPEN state to a CLOSED state to an EXPIRED state.

  • OPEN: Before a reshard operation, a parent shard is in the OPEN state, which means that data records can be both added to the shard and retrieved from the shard.

  • CLOSED: After a reshard operation, the parent shard transitions to a CLOSED state. This means that data records are no longer added to the shard. Data records that would have been added to this shard are now added to a child shard instead. However, data records can still be retrieved from the shard for a limited time.

  • EXPIRED: After the stream's retention period has expired, all the data records in the parent shard have expired and are no longer accessible. At this point, the shard itself transitions to an EXPIRED state. Calls to getStreamDescription().getShards to enumerate the shards in the stream do not include EXPIRED shards in the list shards returned. For more information about a stream’s retention period, see Changing the Data Retention Period.

After the reshard has occurred and the stream is again in an ACTIVE state, you could immediately begin to read data from the child shards. However, the parent shards that remain after the reshard could still contain data that you haven't read yet that was added to the stream prior to the reshard. If you read data from the child shards before having read all data from the parent shards, you could read data for a particular hash key out of the order given by the data records' sequence numbers. Therefore, assuming that the order of the data is important, you should, after a reshard, always continue to read data from the parent shards until it is exhausted, and only then begin reading data from the child shards. When getRecordsResult.getNextShardIterator returns null, it indicates that you have read all the data in the parent shard. If you are reading data using the Amazon Kinesis Client Library, the library ensures that you receive the data in order even if a reshard occurs.