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Amazon EC2 Systems Manager
User Guide

Configuring Security Roles for Systems Manager

Amazon EC2 Systems Manager requires an IAM role for EC2 instances that will process commands and a separate role for users executing commands. Both roles require permission policies that enable them to communicate with the Systems Manager API. You can choose to use Systems Manager managed policies or you can create your own roles and specify permissions as described in this section.

If you are configuring on-premises servers or VMs that you want to configure using Systems Manager, you must also configure an IAM service role. For more information, see Create an IAM Service Role.