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AWS WAF
API Reference

UpdateByteMatchSet

Inserts or deletes ByteMatchTuple objects (filters) in a ByteMatchSet. For each ByteMatchTuple object, you specify the following values:

  • Whether to insert or delete the object from the array. If you want to change a ByteMatchSetUpdate object, you delete the existing object and add a new one.

  • The part of a web request that you want AWS WAF to inspect, such as a query string or the value of the User-Agent header.

  • The bytes (typically a string that corresponds with ASCII characters) that you want AWS WAF to look for. For more information, including how you specify the values for the AWS WAF API and the AWS CLI or SDKs, see TargetString in the ByteMatchTuple data type.

  • Where to look, such as at the beginning or the end of a query string.

  • Whether to perform any conversions on the request, such as converting it to lowercase, before inspecting it for the specified string.

For example, you can add a ByteMatchSetUpdate object that matches web requests in which User-Agent headers contain the string BadBot. You can then configure AWS WAF to block those requests.

To create and configure a ByteMatchSet, perform the following steps:

  1. Create a ByteMatchSet. For more information, see CreateByteMatchSet.

  2. Use GetChangeToken to get the change token that you provide in the ChangeToken parameter of an UpdateByteMatchSet request.

  3. Submit an UpdateByteMatchSet request to specify the part of the request that you want AWS WAF to inspect (for example, the header or the URI) and the value that you want AWS WAF to watch for.

For more information about how to use the AWS WAF API to allow or block HTTP requests, see the AWS WAF Developer Guide.

Request Syntax

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{ "ByteMatchSetId": "string", "ChangeToken": "string", "Updates": [ { "Action": "string", "ByteMatchTuple": { "FieldToMatch": { "Data": "string", "Type": "string" }, "PositionalConstraint": "string", "TargetString": blob, "TextTransformation": "string" } } ] }

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.

ByteMatchSetId

The ByteMatchSetId of the ByteMatchSet that you want to update. ByteMatchSetId is returned by CreateByteMatchSet and by ListByteMatchSets.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 128.

Required: Yes

ChangeToken

The value returned by the most recent call to GetChangeToken.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1.

Required: Yes

Updates

An array of ByteMatchSetUpdate objects that you want to insert into or delete from a ByteMatchSet. For more information, see the applicable data types:

Type: Array of ByteMatchSetUpdate objects

Array Members: Minimum number of 1 item.

Required: Yes

Response Syntax

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{ "ChangeToken": "string" }

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response.

The following data is returned in JSON format by the service.

ChangeToken

The ChangeToken that you used to submit the UpdateByteMatchSet request. You can also use this value to query the status of the request. For more information, see GetChangeTokenStatus.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1.

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.

WAFInternalErrorException

The operation failed because of a system problem, even though the request was valid. Retry your request.

HTTP Status Code: 500

WAFInvalidAccountException

The operation failed because you tried to create, update, or delete an object by using an invalid account identifier.

HTTP Status Code: 400

WAFInvalidOperationException

The operation failed because there was nothing to do. For example:

  • You tried to remove a Rule from a WebACL, but the Rule isn't in the specified WebACL.

  • You tried to remove an IP address from an IPSet, but the IP address isn't in the specified IPSet.

  • You tried to remove a ByteMatchTuple from a ByteMatchSet, but the ByteMatchTuple isn't in the specified WebACL.

  • You tried to add a Rule to a WebACL, but the Rule already exists in the specified WebACL.

  • You tried to add an IP address to an IPSet, but the IP address already exists in the specified IPSet.

  • You tried to add a ByteMatchTuple to a ByteMatchSet, but the ByteMatchTuple already exists in the specified WebACL.

HTTP Status Code: 400

WAFInvalidParameterException

The operation failed because AWS WAF didn't recognize a parameter in the request. For example:

  • You specified an invalid parameter name.

  • You specified an invalid value.

  • You tried to update an object (ByteMatchSet, IPSet, Rule, or WebACL) using an action other than INSERT or DELETE.

  • You tried to create a WebACL with a DefaultAction Type other than ALLOW, BLOCK, or COUNT.

  • You tried to create a RateBasedRule with a RateKey value other than IP.

  • You tried to update a WebACL with a WafAction Type other than ALLOW, BLOCK, or COUNT.

  • You tried to update a ByteMatchSet with a FieldToMatch Type other than HEADER, METHOD, QUERY_STRING, URI, or BODY.

  • You tried to update a ByteMatchSet with a Field of HEADER but no value for Data.

  • Your request references an ARN that is malformed, or corresponds to a resource with which a web ACL cannot be associated.

HTTP Status Code: 400

WAFLimitsExceededException

The operation exceeds a resource limit, for example, the maximum number of WebACL objects that you can create for an AWS account. For more information, see Limits in the AWS WAF Developer Guide.

HTTP Status Code: 400

WAFNonexistentContainerException

The operation failed because you tried to add an object to or delete an object from another object that doesn't exist. For example:

  • You tried to add a Rule to or delete a Rule from a WebACL that doesn't exist.

  • You tried to add a ByteMatchSet to or delete a ByteMatchSet from a Rule that doesn't exist.

  • You tried to add an IP address to or delete an IP address from an IPSet that doesn't exist.

  • You tried to add a ByteMatchTuple to or delete a ByteMatchTuple from a ByteMatchSet that doesn't exist.

HTTP Status Code: 400

WAFNonexistentItemException

The operation failed because the referenced object doesn't exist.

HTTP Status Code: 400

WAFStaleDataException

The operation failed because you tried to create, update, or delete an object by using a change token that has already been used.

HTTP Status Code: 400

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: