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Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud
User Guide for Linux Instances

Developing EC2Rescue Modules

Modules are written in YAML, a data serialization standard. A module's YAML file consists of a single document, representing the module and its attributes.

Adding Module Attributes

The following table lists the available module attributes.

Attribute

Description

name

The name of the module. The name should be less than or equal to 18 characters in length.

version

The version number of the module.

title

A short, descriptive title for the module. This value should be less than or equal to 50 characters in length.

helptext

The extended description of the module. Each line should be less than or equal to 75 characters in length. If the module consumes arguments, required or optional, include them in the helptext value.

For example:

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helptext: !!str | Collect output from ps for system analysis Consumes --times= for number of times to repeat Consumes --period= for time period between repetition

placement

The stage in which the module should be run. Supported values:

  • prediagnostic

  • run

  • postdiagnostic

language

The language that the module code is written in. Supported values:

  • bash

  • python

Note

Python code must be compatible with both Python 2.7.9+ and Python 3.2+.

content

The entirety of the script code.

constraint

The name of the object containing the constraint values.

domain

A descriptor of how the module is grouped or classified. The set of included modules uses the following domains:

  • application

  • net

  • os

  • performance

class

A descriptor of the type of task performed by the module. The set of included modules uses the following classes:

  • collect (collects output from programs)

  • diagnose (pass/fail based on a set of criteria)

  • gather (copies files and writes to specific file)

distro

The list of Linux distributions that this module supports. The set of included modules use the following distributions:

  • alami (Amazon Linux)

  • rhel

  • ubuntu

  • suse

required

The required arguments that the module is consuming from the CLI options.

optional

The optional arguments that the module can use.

software

The software executables used in the module. This attribute is intended to specify software that is not installed by default. The EC2Rescue for Linux logic ensures that these programs are present and executable before running the module.

package

The source software package for an executable. This attribute is intended to provide extended details on the package with the software, including a URL for downloading or getting further information.

sudo

Indicates whether root access is required to run the module.

You do not need to implement sudo checks in the module script. If the value is true, then the EC2Rescue for Linux logic only runs the module when the executing user has root access.

perfimpact

Indicates whether the module can have significant performance impact upon the environment in which it is run. If the value is true and the --perfimpact=true argument is not present, then the module is skipped.

parallelexclusive

Specifies a program that requires mutual exclusivity. For example, all modules specifying "bpf" run in a serial manner.

Adding Environment Variables

The following table lists the available environment variables.

Environment Variable Description

EC2RL_CALLPATH

The path to ec2rl.py. This path can be used to locate the lib directory and utilize vendored Python modules.

EC2RL_WORKDIR

The main tmp directory for the diagnostic tool.

Default value: /var/tmp/ec2rl.

EC2RL_RUNDIR

The directory where all output is stored.

Default value: /var/tmp/ec2rl/<date&timestamp>.

EC2RL_GATHEREDDIR

The root directory for placing gathered module data.

Default value:/var/tmp/ec2rl/<date&timestamp>/mod_out/gathered/.

EC2RL_NET_DRIVER

The driver in use for the first, alphabetically ordered, non-virtual network interface on the instance.

Examples:

  • xen_netfront

  • ixgbevf

  • ena

EC2RL_SUDO

True if EC2Rescue for Linux is running as root; otherwise, false.

EC2RL_VIRT_TYPE

The virtualization type as provided by the instance metadata.

Examples:

  • default-hvm

  • default-paravirtual

EC2RL_INTERFACES

An enumerated list of interfaces on the system. The value is a string containing names, such as eth0, eth1, etc. This is generated via the functions.bash and is only available for modules that have sourced it.

Using YAML Syntax

The following should be noted when constructing your module YAML files:

  • The triple hyphen (---) denotes the explicit start of a document.

  • The !ec2rlcore.module.Module tag tells the YAML parser which constructor to call when creating the object from the data stream. You can find the constructor inside the module.py file.

  • The !!str tag tells the YAML parser to not attempt to determine the type of data, and instead interpret the content as a string literal.

  • The pipe character (|) tells the YAML parser that the value is a literal-style scalar. In this case, the parser includes all whitespace. This is important for modules because indentation and newline characters are kept.

  • The YAML standard indent is two spaces, which can be seen in the following examples. Ensure that you maintain standard indentation (for example, four spaces for Python) for your script and then indent the entire content two spaces inside the module file.

Example Modules

Example one (mod.d/ps.yaml):

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--- !ec2rlcore.module.Module # Module document. Translates directly into an almost-complete Module object name: !!str ps path: !!str version: !!str 1.0 title: !!str Collect output from ps for system analysis helptext: !!str | Collect output from ps for system analysis Requires --times= for number of times to repeat Requires --period= for time period between repetition placement: !!str run package: - !!str language: !!str bash content: !!str | #!/bin/bash error_trap() { printf "%0.s=" {1..80} echo -e "\nERROR: "$BASH_COMMAND" exited with an error on line ${BASH_LINENO[0]}" exit 0 } trap error_trap ERR # read-in shared function source functions.bash echo "I will collect ps output from this $EC2RL_DISTRO box for $times times every $period seconds." for i in $(seq 1 $times); do ps auxww sleep $period done constraint: requires_ec2: !!str False domain: !!str performance class: !!str collect distro: !!str alami ubuntu rhel suse required: !!str period times optional: !!str software: !!str sudo: !!str False perfimpact: !!str False parallelexclusive: !!str