View information about an Amazon EBS volume - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud

View information about an Amazon EBS volume

You can view descriptive information about your EBS volumes. For example, you can view information about all volumes in a specific Region or view detailed information about a single volume, including its size, volume type, whether the volume is encrypted, which master key was used to encrypt the volume, and the specific instance to which the volume is attached.

You can get additional information about your EBS volumes, such as how much disk space is available, from the operating system on the instance.

View volume information

You can view information about a volume using one of the following methods.

New console

To view information about a volume using the console

  1. Open the Amazon EC2 console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/ec2/.

  2. In the navigation pane, choose Volumes.

  3. To reduce the list, you can filter your volumes using tags and volume attributes. Choose the filter field, select a tag or volume attribute, and then select the filter value.

  4. To view more information about a volume, choose its ID.

To view the EBS volumes that are attached to an instance using the console

  1. Open the Amazon EC2 console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/ec2/.

  2. In the navigation pane, choose Instances.

  3. Select the instance.

  4. On the Storage tab, the Block devices section lists the volumes that are attached to the instance. To view information about a specific volume, choose its ID in the Volume ID column.

Old console

To view information about an EBS volume using the console

  1. Open the Amazon EC2 console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/ec2/.

  2. In the navigation pane, choose Volumes.

  3. (Optional) Use the filter options in the search field to display only the volumes that interest you. For example, if you know the instance ID, choose Instance ID from the search field menu, and then choose the instance ID from the list provided. To remove a filter, choose it again.

  4. Select the volume.

  5. In the details pane, you can inspect the information provided about the volume. Attachment information shows the instance ID this volume is attached to and the device name under which it is attached.

  6. (Optional) Choose the Attachment information link to view additional details about the instance.

To view the EBS volumes that are attached to an instance using the new console

  1. Open the Amazon EC2 console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/ec2/.

  2. In the navigation pane, choose Instances.

  3. Select the instance.

  4. In the Description tab, view the information provided for Block devices. To view information about a specific volume, choose a link next to Block devices and then choose the volume ID.

To view the EBS volumes that are attached to an instance using the old console

  1. Open the Amazon EC2 console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/ec2/.

  2. In the navigation pane, choose Instances.

  3. Select the instance.

  4. In the Description tab, for Block devices, select the block device mapping and then choose the EBS ID to view additional details for the volume.

AWS CLI

To view information about an EBS volume using the command line

You can use one of the following commands to view volume attributes. For more information, see Access Amazon EC2.

Amazon EC2 Global View

You can use Amazon EC2 Global View to view your volumes across all Regions for which your AWS account is enabled. For more information, see List and filter resources across Regions using Amazon EC2 Global View.

Volume state

Volume state describes the availability of an Amazon EBS volume. You can view the volume state in the State column on the Volumes page in the console, or by using the describe-volumes AWS CLI command.

The possible volume states are:

creating

The volume is being created.

available

The volume is not attached to an instance.

in-use

The volume is attached to an instance.

deleting

The volume is being deleted.

deleted

The volume is deleted.

error

The underlying hardware related to your EBS volume has failed, and the data associated with the volume is unrecoverable. For information about how to restore the volume or recover the data on the volume, see My EBS volume has a status of "error".

View volume metrics

You can get additional information about your EBS volumes from Amazon CloudWatch. For more information, see Amazon CloudWatch metrics for Amazon EBS.

View free disk space

You can get additional information about your EBS volumes, such as how much disk space is available, from the Windows operating system on the instance. For example, you can view the free disk space by opening File Explorer and selecting This PC.

You can also view the free disk space using the following dir command and examining the last line of the output:

C:\> dir C: Volume in drive C has no label. Volume Serial Number is 68C3-8081 Directory of C:\ 03/25/2018 02:10 AM <DIR> . 03/25/2018 02:10 AM <DIR> .. 03/25/2018 03:47 AM <DIR> Contacts 03/25/2018 03:47 AM <DIR> Desktop 03/25/2018 03:47 AM <DIR> Documents 03/25/2018 03:47 AM <DIR> Downloads 03/25/2018 03:47 AM <DIR> Favorites 03/25/2018 03:47 AM <DIR> Links 03/25/2018 03:47 AM <DIR> Music 03/25/2018 03:47 AM <DIR> Pictures 03/25/2018 03:47 AM <DIR> Saved Games 03/25/2018 03:47 AM <DIR> Searches 03/25/2018 03:47 AM <DIR> Videos 0 File(s) 0 bytes 13 Dir(s) 18,113,662,976 bytes free

You can also view the free disk space using the following fsutil command:

C:\> fsutil volume diskfree C: Total # of free bytes : 18113204224 Total # of bytes : 32210153472 Total # of avail free bytes : 18113204224
Tip

You can also use the CloudWatch agent to collect disk space usage metrics from an Amazon EC2 instance without connecting to the instance. For more information, see Create the CloudWatch agent configuration file and Installing the CloudWatch agent in the Amazon CloudWatch User Guide. If you need to monitor disk space usage for multiple instances, you can install and configure the CloudWatch agent on those instances using Systems Manager. For more information, see Installing the CloudWatch agent using Systems Manager.

For information about viewing free disk space on a Linux instance, see View free disk space in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances.