Updates the client sending rate based on response. If the response was successful, the capacity and fill rate are increased. If the response was a throttling response, the capacity and fill rate are decreased. Transient errors do not affect the rate limiter.
If there is sufficient capacity (tokens) available, it immediately returns. If there is not sufficient capacity, it will either sleep a certain amount of time until the rate limiter can retrieve a token from its token bucket or raise an exception indicating there is insufficient capacity.