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Class RunInstancesCommand

Launches the specified number of instances using an AMI for which you have permissions.

You can specify a number of options, or leave the default options. The following rules apply:

  • [EC2-VPC] If you don't specify a subnet ID, we choose a default subnet from your default VPC for you. If you don't have a default VPC, you must specify a subnet ID in the request.

  • [EC2-Classic] If don't specify an Availability Zone, we choose one for you.

  • Some instance types must be launched into a VPC. If you do not have a default VPC, or if you do not specify a subnet ID, the request fails. For more information, see Instance types available only in a VPC.

  • [EC2-VPC] All instances have a network interface with a primary private IPv4 address. If you don't specify this address, we choose one from the IPv4 range of your subnet.

  • Not all instance types support IPv6 addresses. For more information, see Instance types.

  • If you don't specify a security group ID, we use the default security group. For more information, see Security groups.

  • If any of the AMIs have a product code attached for which the user has not subscribed, the request fails.

You can create a launch template, which is a resource that contains the parameters to launch an instance. When you launch an instance using RunInstances, you can specify the launch template instead of specifying the launch parameters.

To ensure faster instance launches, break up large requests into smaller batches. For example, create five separate launch requests for 100 instances each instead of one launch request for 500 instances.

An instance is ready for you to use when it's in the running state. You can check the state of your instance using DescribeInstances. You can tag instances and EBS volumes during launch, after launch, or both. For more information, see CreateTags and Tagging your Amazon EC2 resources.

Linux instances have access to the public key of the key pair at boot. You can use this key to provide secure access to the instance. Amazon EC2 public images use this feature to provide secure access without passwords. For more information, see Key pairs.

For troubleshooting, see What to do if an instance immediately terminates, and Troubleshooting connecting to your instance.


Use a bare-bones client and the command you need to make an API call.

import { EC2Client, RunInstancesCommand } from "@aws-sdk/client-ec2"; // ES Modules import
// const { EC2Client, RunInstancesCommand } = require("@aws-sdk/client-ec2"); // CommonJS import
const client = new EC2Client(config);
const command = new RunInstancesCommand(input);
const response = await client.send(command);

RunInstancesCommandInput for command's input shape.


RunInstancesCommandOutput for command's response shape.


config for EC2Client's config shape.









Readonly input

input: RunInstancesCommandInput

Readonly middlewareStack

middlewareStack: IMiddlewareStack<RunInstancesCommandInput, RunInstancesCommandOutput>