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Class ReplicateKeyCommand

Replicates a multi-Region key into the specified Region. This operation creates a multi-Region replica key based on a multi-Region primary key in a different Region of the same Amazon Web Services partition. You can create multiple replicas of a primary key, but each must be in a different Region. To create a multi-Region primary key, use the CreateKey operation.

This operation supports multi-Region keys, an KMS feature that lets you create multiple interoperable KMS keys in different Amazon Web Services Regions. Because these KMS keys have the same key ID, key material, and other metadata, you can use them interchangeably to encrypt data in one Amazon Web Services Region and decrypt it in a different Amazon Web Services Region without re-encrypting the data or making a cross-Region call. For more information about multi-Region keys, see Multi-Region keys in KMS in the Key Management Service Developer Guide.

A replica key is a fully-functional KMS key that can be used independently of its primary and peer replica keys. A primary key and its replica keys share properties that make them interoperable. They have the same key ID and key material. They also have the same key spec, key usage, key material origin, and automatic key rotation status. KMS automatically synchronizes these shared properties among related multi-Region keys. All other properties of a replica key can differ, including its key policy, tags, aliases, and Key states of KMS keys. KMS pricing and quotas for KMS keys apply to each primary key and replica key.

When this operation completes, the new replica key has a transient key state of Creating. This key state changes to Enabled (or PendingImport) after a few seconds when the process of creating the new replica key is complete. While the key state is Creating, you can manage key, but you cannot yet use it in cryptographic operations. If you are creating and using the replica key programmatically, retry on KMSInvalidStateException or call DescribeKey to check its KeyState value before using it. For details about the Creating key state, see Key states of KMS keys in the Key Management Service Developer Guide.

You cannot create more than one replica of a primary key in any Region. If the Region already includes a replica of the key you're trying to replicate, ReplicateKey returns an AlreadyExistsException error. If the key state of the existing replica is PendingDeletion, you can cancel the scheduled key deletion (CancelKeyDeletion) or wait for the key to be deleted. The new replica key you create will have the same shared properties as the original replica key.

The CloudTrail log of a ReplicateKey operation records a ReplicateKey operation in the primary key's Region and a CreateKey operation in the replica key's Region.

If you replicate a multi-Region primary key with imported key material, the replica key is created with no key material. You must import the same key material that you imported into the primary key. For details, see Importing key material into multi-Region keys in the Key Management Service Developer Guide.

To convert a replica key to a primary key, use the UpdatePrimaryRegion operation.

ReplicateKey uses different default values for the KeyPolicy and Tags parameters than those used in the KMS console. For details, see the parameter descriptions.

Cross-account use: No. You cannot use this operation to create a replica key in a different Amazon Web Services account.

Required permissions:

  • kms:ReplicateKey on the primary key (in the primary key's Region). Include this permission in the primary key's key policy.

  • kms:CreateKey in an IAM policy in the replica Region.

  • To use the Tags parameter, kms:TagResource in an IAM policy in the replica Region.

Related operations


Use a bare-bones client and the command you need to make an API call.

import { KMSClient, ReplicateKeyCommand } from "@aws-sdk/client-kms"; // ES Modules import
// const { KMSClient, ReplicateKeyCommand } = require("@aws-sdk/client-kms"); // CommonJS import
const client = new KMSClient(config);
const command = new ReplicateKeyCommand(input);
const response = await client.send(command);

ReplicateKeyCommandInput for command's input shape.


ReplicateKeyCommandOutput for command's response shape.


config for KMSClient's config shape.







Readonly input

input: ReplicateKeyCommandInput

Readonly middlewareStack

middlewareStack: IMiddlewareStack<ReplicateKeyCommandInput, ReplicateKeyCommandOutput>


Static getEndpointParameterInstructions