Amazon CloudWatch
User Guide

Relevant Fields in Performance Log Events for Amazon EKS and Kubernetes

For Amazon EKS and Kubernetes, the containerized CloudWatch agent emits data as performance log events. This enables CloudWatch to ingest and store high-cardinality data. CloudWatch uses the data in the performance log events to create aggregated CloudWatch metrics at the cluster, node, and pod levels without the need to lose granular details.

The following table lists the fields in these performance log events that are relevant to the collection of Container Insights metric data. You can use CloudWatch Logs Insights to query for any of these fields to collect data or investigate issues. For more information, see Analyze Log Data With CloudWatch Logs Insights.

Type Log field Source Formula or Notes

Pod

pod_cpu_utilization

Calculated

Formula: pod_cpu_usage_total / node_cpu_limit

Pod

pod_cpu_usage_total

cadvisor

Pod

pod_cpu_limit

Calculated

Formula: sum(container_cpu_limit)

If any containers in the pod don't have a CPU limit defined, this field doesn't appear in the log event.

Pod

pod_cpu_request

Calculated

Formula: sum(container_cpu_request)

container_cpu_request isn't guaranteed to be set. Only the ones that are set are included in the sum.

Pod

pod_cpu_utilization_over_pod_limit

Calculated

Formula: pod_cpu_usage_total / pod_cpu_limit

Pod

pod_cpu_reserved_capacity

Calculated

Formula: pod_cpu_request / node_cpu_limit

Pod

pod_memory_utilization

Calculated

Formula: pod_memory_working_set / node_memory_limit

Pod

pod_memory_working_set

cadvisor

Pod

pod_memory_limit

Calculated

Formula: sum(container_memory_limit)

If any containers in the pod don't have a memory limit defined, this field doesn't appear in the log event.

Pod

pod_memory_request

Calculated

Formula: sum(container_memory_request)

container_memory_request isn't guaranteed to be set. Only the ones that are set are included in the sum.

Pod

pod_memory_utilization_over_pod_limit

Calculated

Formula: pod_memory_working_set / pod_memory_limit

If any containers in the pod don't have a memory limit defined, this field doesn't appear in the log event.

Pod

pod_memory_reserved_capacity

Calculated

Formula: pod_memory_request / node_memory_limit

Pod

pod_network_tx_bytes

Calculated

Formula: sum(pod_interface_network_tx_bytes)

This data is available for all the network interfaces per pod. The CloudWatch agent calculates the total and adds metric extraction rules.

Pod

pod_network_rx_bytes

Calculated

Formula: sum(pod_interface_network_rx_bytes)

Pod

pod_network_total_bytes

Calculated

Formula: pod_network_rx_bytes + pod_network_tx_bytes

PodNet

pod_interface_network_rx_bytes

cadvisor

This data is network rx bytes per second of a pod network interface.

PodNet

pod_interface_network_tx_bytes

cadvisor

This data is network tx bytes per second of a pod network interface.

Container

container_cpu_usage_total

cadvisor

Container

container_cpu_limit

cadvisor

Not guaranteed to be set. It's not emitted if it's not set.

Container

container_cpu_request

cadvisor

Not guaranteed to be set. It's not emitted if it's not set.

Container

container_memory_working_set

cadvisor

Container

container_memory_limit

pod

Not guaranteed to be set. It's not emitted if it's not set.

Container

container_memory_request

pod

Not guaranteed to be set. It's not emitted if it's not set.

ContainerFS

container_filesystem_capacity

pod

This data is available per disk device.

ContainerFS

container_filesystem_usage

pod

This data is available per disk device.

ContainerFS

container_filesystem_utilization

Calculated

Formula: container_filesystem_usage / container_filesystem_capacity

This data is available per device name.

Node

node_cpu_utilization

Calculated

Formula: node_cpu_usage_total / node_cpu_limit

Node

node_cpu_usage_total

cadvisor

Node

node_cpu_limit

/proc

Node

node_cpu_request

Calculated

Formula: sum(pod_cpu_request)

Node

node_cpu_reserved_capacity

Calculated

Formula: node_cpu_request / node_cpu_limit

Node

node_memory_utilization

Calculated

Formula: node_memory_working_set / node_memory_limit

Node

node_memory_working_set

cadvisor

Node

node_memory_limit

/proc

Node

node_memory_request

Calculated

Formula: sum(pod_memory_request)

Node

node_memory_reserved_capacity

Calculated

Formula: node_memory_request / node_memory_limit

Node

node_network_rx_bytes

Calculated

Formula: sum(node_interface_network_rx_bytes)

Node

node_network_tx_bytes

Calculated

Formula: sum(node_interface_network_tx_bytes)

Node

node_network_total_bytes

Calculated

Formula: node_network_rx_bytes + node_network_tx_bytes

Node

node_number_of_running_pods

Pod List

Node

node_number_of_running_containers

Pod List

NodeNet

node_interface_network_rx_bytes

cadvisor

This data is network rx bytes per second of a worker node network interface.

NodeNet

node_interface_network_tx_bytes

cadvisor

This data is network tx bytes per second of a worker node network interface.

NodeFS

node_filesystem_capacity

cadvisor

NodeFS

node_filesystem_usage

cadvisor

NodeFS

node_filesystem_utilization

Calculated

Formula: node_filesystem_usage / node_filesystem_capacity

This data is available per device name.

Cluster

cluster_failed_node_count

API Server

Cluster

cluster_node_count

API Server

Service

service_number_of_running_pods

API Server

Namespace

namespace_number_of_running_pods

API Server

Metrics Calculation Examples

This section includes examples that show how some of the values in the preceding table are calculated.

Suppose that you have a cluster in the following state.

Node1 node_cpu_limit = 4 node_cpu_usage_total = 3 Pod1 pod_cpu_usage_total = 2 Container1 container_cpu_limit = 1 container_cpu_request = 1 container_cpu_usage_total = 0.8 Container2 container_cpu_limit = null container_cpu_request = null container_cpu_usage_total = 1.2 Pod2 pod_cpu_usage_total = 0.4 Container3 container_cpu_limit = 1 container_cpu_request = 0.5 container_cpu_usage_total = 0.4 Node2 node_cpu_limit = 8 node_cpu_usage_total = 1.5 Pod3 pod_cpu_usage_total = 1 Container4 container_cpu_limit = 2 container_cpu_request = 2 container_cpu_usage_total = 1

The following table shows how pod CPU metrics are calculated using this data.

Metric Formula Pod1 Pod2 Pod3

pod_cpu_utilization

pod_cpu_usage_total / node_cpu_limit

2 / 4 = 50%

0.4 / 4 = 10%

1 / 8 = 12.5%

pod_cpu_utilization_over_pod_limit

pod_cpu_usage_total / sum(container_cpu_limit)

N/A because CPU limit for Container2 isn't defined

0.4 / 1 = 40%

1 / 2 = 50%

pod_cpu_reserved_capacity

sum(container_cpu_request) / node_cpu_limit

(1 + 0) / 4 = 25%

0.5 / 4 = 12.5%

2 / 8 = 25%

The following table shows how node CPU metrics are calculated using this data.

Metric Formula Node1 Node2

node_cpu_utilization

node_cpu_usage_total / node_cpu_limit

3 / 4 = 75%

1.5 / 8 = 18.75%

node_cpu_reserved_capacity

sum(pod_cpu_request) / node_cpu_limit

1.5 / 4 = 37.5%

2 / 8 = 25%