Amazon ECS capacity providers - Amazon Elastic Container Service

Amazon ECS capacity providers

Amazon ECS capacity providers are used to manage the infrastructure the tasks in your clusters use. Each cluster can have one or more capacity providers and an optional default capacity provider strategy. The capacity provider strategy determines how the tasks are spread across the cluster's capacity providers. When you run a standalone task or create a service, you may either use the cluster's default capacity provider strategy or specify a capacity provider strategy that overrides the cluster's default strategy.

Capacity provider concepts

Capacity providers consist of the following components.

Capacity provider

A capacity provider is associated with a cluster and is used in a capacity provider strategy to determine the infrastructure that a task runs on.

For Amazon ECS on AWS Fargate users, there is a FARGATE and a FARGATE_SPOT capacity provider. The AWS Fargate capacity providers are reserved and don't need to be created nor can they be deleted. After you associate them with your cluster, you may add them to a capacity provider strategy. For more information, see AWS Fargate capacity providers.

For Amazon ECS on Amazon EC2 users, a capacity provider consists of a capacity provider name, an Auto Scaling group, and the settings for managed scaling and managed termination protection. With managed scaling, Amazon ECS manage the scale-in and scale-out actions of the Auto Scaling group which provides auto scaling for your cluster's infrastructure. For more information, see Auto Scaling group capacity providers.

Default capacity provider strategy

A default capacity provider strategy is associated with an Amazon ECS cluster. This determines the capacity provider strategy used creating a service or running a standalone task in the cluster when there isn't a custom capacity provider strategy or launch type specified. It is considered best practice to define a default capacity provider strategy for each cluster.

Capacity provider strategy

A capacity provider strategy is specified when creating a service or running a standalone task when the default capacity provider strategy for a cluster does not meet your needs.

Only capacity providers that are already associated with a cluster and have an ACTIVE or UPDATING status can be used in a capacity provider strategy. A capacity provider can be associated with a cluster either during cluster creation or by using the PutClusterCapacityProviders API after a cluster has been created.

A capacity provider strategy consists of one or more capacity providers. An optional base and weight value may be specified for finer control of a capacity provider.

The base value designates how many tasks, at a minimum, to run on the specified capacity provider. Only one capacity provider in a capacity provider strategy can have a base defined.

The weight value designates the relative percentage of the total number of launched tasks that should use the specified capacity provider. For example, if you have a strategy that contains two capacity providers, and both have a weight of 1, then when the base is satisfied, the tasks will be split evenly across the two capacity providers. Using that same logic, if you specify a weight of 1 for capacityProviderA and a weight of 4 for capacityProviderB, then for every one task that is run using capacityProviderA, four tasks would use capacityProviderB.

Capacity provider considerations

The following should be considered when using capacity providers:

  • A capacity provider must be associated with a cluster prior to being specified in a capacity provider strategy.

  • When you specify a capacity provider strategy, the number of capacity providers that can be specified is limited to six.

  • A service using an Auto Scaling group capacity provider can't be updated to use a Fargate capacity provider and vice versa.

  • In a capacity provider strategy, if no weight value is specified for a capacity provider in the console then the default value of 1 is used. If using the API or AWS CLI, the default value of 0 is used.

  • When multiple capacity providers are specified within a capacity provider strategy, at least one of the capacity providers must have a weight value greater than zero and any capacity providers with a weight of 0 will not be used to place tasks. If you specify multiple capacity providers in a strategy that all have a weight of 0, any RunTask or CreateService actions using the capacity provider strategy will fail.

  • In a capacity provider strategy, only one capacity provider can have a base value defined. If no base value is specified, the default value of 0 is used.

  • A cluster may contain a mix of both Auto Scaling group capacity providers and Fargate capacity providers, however a capacity provider strategy may only contain one or the other but not both.

  • A cluster may contain a mix of services and standalone tasks using both capacity providers and launch types. A service may be updated to use a capacity provider strategy rather than a launch type, however you must force a new deployment when doing so.

  • When managed termination protection is enabled, managed scaling must also be enabled otherwise managed termination protection won't work.

  • Using capacity providers is not supported when using Classic Load Balancers for your services.