CannotPullContainer task errors - Amazon ECS

CannotPullContainer task errors

The following errors indicate that, when creating a task, the container image specified can't be retrieved.

Connection timed out

When a Fargate task is launched, its elastic network interface requires a route to the internet to pull container images. If you receive an error similar to the following when launching a task, it's because a route to the internet doesn't exist:

CannotPullContainerError: API error (500): Get https://111122223333.dkr.ecr.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/v2/: net/http: request canceled while waiting for connection"

To resolve this issue, you can:

  • For tasks in public subnets, specify ENABLED for Auto-assign public IP when launching the task. For more information, see Run a standalone task.

  • For tasks in private subnets, specify DISABLED for Auto-assign public IP when launching the task, and configure a NAT gateway in your VPC to route requests to the internet. For more information, see NAT Gateways in the Amazon VPC User Guide. For instructions on how to create a VPC with public and private subnets, including a NAT gateway for the private subnets, see Tutorial: Creating a VPC with Public and Private Subnets for Your Clusters.

Context canceled

The common cause for this error is because the VPC your task is using doesn't have a route to pull the container image from Amazon ECR.

Image not found

When you specify an Amazon ECR image in your container definition, you must use the full URI of your ECR repository along with the image name in that repository. If the repository or image can't be found, you receive the following error:

CannotPullContainerError: API error (404): repository 111122223333.dkr.ecr.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/<repo>/<image> not found

To resolve this issue, verify the repository URI and the image name. Also make sure that you have set up the proper access using the task execution IAM role. For more information about the task execution role, see Amazon ECS task execution IAM role.

Insufficient disk space

If the root volume of your container instance has insufficient disk space when pulling the container image, you see an error similar to the following:

CannotPullContainerError: write /var/lib/docker/tmp/GetImageBlob111111111: no space left on device

To resolve this issue, free up disk space.

If you are using the Amazon ECS-optimized AMI, you can use the following command to retrieve the 20 largest files on your filesystem:

du -Sh / | sort -rh | head -20

Example output:

5.7G    /var/lib/docker/containers/50501b5f4cbf90b406e0ca60bf4e6d4ec8f773a6c1d2b451ed8e0195418ad0d2
1.2G    /var/log/ecs
594M    /var/lib/docker/devicemapper/mnt/c8e3010e36ce4c089bf286a623699f5233097ca126ebd5a700af023a5127633d/rootfs/data/logs
...

In some cases, similar to the preceding example, the root volume might be filled out by a running container. If the container is using the default json-file log driver without a max-size limit, it may be that the log file is responsible for most of that space used. You can use the docker ps command to verify which container is using the space by mapping the directory name from the output above to the container ID. For example:

CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES 50501b5f4cbf amazon/amazon-ecs-agent:latest "/agent" 4 days ago Up 4 days ecs-agent

By default, when using the json-file log driver, Docker captures the standard output (and standard error) of all of your containers and writes them in files using the JSON format. You can set the max-size as a log driver option, which prevents the log file from taking up too much space. For more information, see Configure logging drivers in the Docker documentation.

The following is a container definition snippet showing how to use this option:

{ "log-driver": "json-file", "log-opts": { "max-size": "256m" } }

An alternative if your container logs are taking up too much disk space is to use the awslogs log driver. The awslogs log driver sends the logs to CloudWatch, which frees up the disk space that would otherwise be used for your container logs on the container instance. For more information, see Using the awslogs log driver.

Docker Hub rate limiting

If you receive one of the following errors, you're likely hitting the Docker Hub rate limits:

ERROR: toomanyrequests: Too Many Requests.
You have reached your pull rate limit. You may increase the limit by authenticating and upgrading: https://www.docker.com/increase-rate-limits.

For more information about the Docker Hub rate limits, see Understanding Docker Hub rate limiting.