Removing delete markers - Amazon Simple Storage Service

Removing delete markers

To delete a delete marker, it must have a version ID and you must specify that ID in a DELETE Object versionId request. If you use a DELETE request to delete a delete marker (without specifying the version ID of the delete marker), Amazon S3 does not delete the delete marker, but instead, inserts another delete marker.

The following figure shows how a simple DELETE on a delete marker removes nothing, but adds a new delete marker to a bucket.

In a versioning-enabled bucket, this new delete marker would have a unique version ID. So, it's possible to have multiple delete markers of the same object in one bucket.

If the current object version is the only object version and it is also a delete marker (also referred as an expired object delete marker, where all object versions are deleted and you only have a delete marker remaining), Amazon S3 removes the expired object delete marker. You can also use the expiration action to direct Amazon S3 to remove any expired object delete markers. For an example, see Example 7: Removing expired object delete markers.

To permanently delete a delete marker, you must include its version ID in a DELETE Object versionId request. The following figure shows how a DELETE Object versionId request permanently removes a delete marker. Only the owner of a bucket can permanently remove a delete marker.

The effect of removing the delete marker is that a simple GET request will now retrieve the current version (121212) of the object.

To permanently remove a delete marker

  1. Set versionId to the ID of the version to the delete marker you want to remove.

  2. Send a DELETE Object versionId request.

Example Removing a delete marker

The following example removes the delete marker for photo.gif version 4857693.

DELETE /photo.gif?versionId=4857693 HTTP/1.1 Host: Date: Wed, 28 Oct 2009 22:32:00 GMT Authorization: AWS AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE:0RQf4/cRonhpaBX5sCYVf1bNRuU=

When you delete a delete marker, Amazon S3 includes in the response:

204 NoContent x-amz-version-id: versionID x-amz-delete-marker: true