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Amazon Simple Storage Service
Developer Guide (API Version 2006-03-01)

String Functions

Amazon S3 Select and Amazon Glacier Select support the following string functions.

CHAR_LENGTH, CHARACTER_LENGTH

Counts the number of characters in the specified string.

Note

CHAR_LENGTH and CHARACTER_LENGTH are synonyms.

Syntax

CHAR_LENGTH ( string )

Parameters

string

The target string that the function operates on.

Examples

CHAR_LENGTH('') -- 0 CHAR_LENGTH('abcdefg') -- 7

LOWER

Given a string, converts all uppercase characters to lowercase characters. Any non-uppercased characters remain unchanged.

Syntax

LOWER ( string )

Parameters

string

The target string that the function operates on.

Examples

LOWER('AbCdEfG!@#$') -- 'abcdefg!@#$'

SUBSTRING

Given a string, a start index, and optionally a length, returns the substring from the start index up to the end of the string, or up to the length provided.

Note

The first character of the input string has index 1. If start is < 1, it is set to 1.

Syntax

SUBSTRING( string FROM start [ FOR length ] )

Parameters

string

The target string that the function operates on.

start

The start position of the string.

length

The length of the substring to return. If not present, proceed to the end of the string.

Examples

SUBSTRING("123456789", 0) -- "123456789" SUBSTRING("123456789", 1) -- "123456789" SUBSTRING("123456789", 2) -- "23456789" SUBSTRING("123456789", -4) -- "123456789" SUBSTRING("123456789", 0, 999) -- "123456789" SUBSTRING("123456789", 1, 5) -- "12345"

TRIM

Trims leading or trailing characters from a string. The default character to remove is ' '.

Syntax

TRIM ( [[LEADING | TRAILING | BOTH remove_chars] FROM] string )

Parameters

string

The target string that the function operates on.

LEADING | TRAILING | BOTH

Whether to trim leading or trailing characters, or both leading and trailing characters.

remove_chars

The set of characters to remove. Note that remove_chars can be a string with length > 1. This function returns the string with any character from remove_chars found at the beginning or end of the string that was removed.

Examples

TRIM(' foobar ') -- 'foobar' TRIM(' \tfoobar\t ') -- '\tfoobar\t' TRIM(LEADING FROM ' foobar ') -- 'foobar ' TRIM(TRAILING FROM ' foobar ') -- ' foobar' TRIM(BOTH FROM ' foobar ') -- 'foobar' TRIM(BOTH '12' FROM '1112211foobar22211122') -- 'foobar'

UPPER

Given a string, converts all lowercase characters to uppercase characters. Any non-lowercased characters remain unchanged.

Syntax

UPPER ( string )

Parameters

string

The target string that the function operates on.

Examples

UPPER('AbCdEfG!@#$') -- 'ABCDEFG!@#$'