CORS configuration - Amazon Simple Storage Service

CORS configuration

To configure your bucket to allow cross-origin requests, you create a CORS configuration. The CORS configuration is a document with rules that identify the origins that you will allow to access your bucket, the operations (HTTP methods) that will support for each origin, and other operation-specific information. You can add up to 100 rules to the configuration. You can add the CORS configuration as the cors subresource to the bucket.

If you are configuring CORS in the S3 console, you must use JSON to create a CORS configuration. The new S3 console only supports JSON CORS configurations.

For more information about the CORS configuration and the elements in it, see the topics below. For instructions on how to add a CORS configuration, see Configuring cross-origin resource sharing (CORS).

Important

In the S3 console, the CORS configuration must be JSON.

Example 1

Instead of accessing a website by using an Amazon S3 website endpoint, you can use your own domain, such as example1.com to serve your content. For information about using your own domain, see Configuring a static website using a custom domain registered with Route 53.

The following example cors configuration has three rules, which are specified as CORSRule elements:

  • The first rule allows cross-origin PUT, POST, and DELETE requests from the http://www.example1.com origin. The rule also allows all headers in a preflight OPTIONS request through the Access-Control-Request-Headers header. In response to preflight OPTIONS requests, Amazon S3 returns requested headers.

  • The second rule allows the same cross-origin requests as the first rule, but the rule applies to another origin, http://www.example2.com.

  • The third rule allows cross-origin GET requests from all origins. The * wildcard character refers to all origins.

JSON
[ { "AllowedHeaders": [ "*" ], "AllowedMethods": [ "PUT", "POST", "DELETE" ], "AllowedOrigins": [ "http://www.example1.com" ], "ExposeHeaders": [] }, { "AllowedHeaders": [ "*" ], "AllowedMethods": [ "PUT", "POST", "DELETE" ], "AllowedOrigins": [ "http://www.example2.com" ], "ExposeHeaders": [] }, { "AllowedHeaders": [], "AllowedMethods": [ "GET" ], "AllowedOrigins": [ "*" ], "ExposeHeaders": [] } ]
XML
<CORSConfiguration> <CORSRule> <AllowedOrigin>http://www.example1.com</AllowedOrigin> <AllowedMethod>PUT</AllowedMethod> <AllowedMethod>POST</AllowedMethod> <AllowedMethod>DELETE</AllowedMethod> <AllowedHeader>*</AllowedHeader> </CORSRule> <CORSRule> <AllowedOrigin>http://www.example2.com</AllowedOrigin> <AllowedMethod>PUT</AllowedMethod> <AllowedMethod>POST</AllowedMethod> <AllowedMethod>DELETE</AllowedMethod> <AllowedHeader>*</AllowedHeader> </CORSRule> <CORSRule> <AllowedOrigin>*</AllowedOrigin> <AllowedMethod>GET</AllowedMethod> </CORSRule> </CORSConfiguration>

Example 2

The CORS configuration also allows optional configuration parameters, as shown in the following CORS configuration. In this example, the CORS configuration allows cross-origin PUT, POST, and DELETE requests from the http://www.example.com origin.

JSON
[ { "AllowedHeaders": [ "*" ], "AllowedMethods": [ "PUT", "POST", "DELETE" ], "AllowedOrigins": [ "http://www.example.com" ], "ExposeHeaders": [ "x-amz-server-side-encryption", "x-amz-request-id", "x-amz-id-2" ], "MaxAgeSeconds": 3000 } ]
XML
<CORSConfiguration> <CORSRule> <AllowedOrigin>http://www.example.com</AllowedOrigin> <AllowedMethod>PUT</AllowedMethod> <AllowedMethod>POST</AllowedMethod> <AllowedMethod>DELETE</AllowedMethod> <AllowedHeader>*</AllowedHeader> <MaxAgeSeconds>3000</MaxAgeSeconds> <ExposeHeader>x-amz-server-side-encryption</ExposeHeader> <ExposeHeader>x-amz-request-id</ExposeHeader> <ExposeHeader>x-amz-id-2</ExposeHeader> </CORSRule> </CORSConfiguration>

The CORSRule element in the preceding configuration includes the following optional elements:

  • MaxAgeSeconds—Specifies the amount of time in seconds (in this example, 3000) that the browser caches an Amazon S3 response to a preflight OPTIONS request for the specified resource. By caching the response, the browser does not have to send preflight requests to Amazon S3 if the original request will be repeated.

  • ExposeHeader—Identifies the response headers (in this example, x-amz-server-side-encryption, x-amz-request-id, and x-amz-id-2) that customers are able to access from their applications (for example, from a JavaScript XMLHttpRequest object).

AllowedMethod element

In the CORS configuration, you can specify the following values for the AllowedMethod element.

  • GET

  • PUT

  • POST

  • DELETE

  • HEAD

AllowedOrigin element

In the AllowedOrigin element, you specify the origins that you want to allow cross-domain requests from, for example, http://www.example.com. The origin string can contain only one * wildcard character, such as http://*.example.com. You can optionally specify * as the origin to enable all the origins to send cross-origin requests. You can also specify https to enable only secure origins.

AllowedHeader element

The AllowedHeader element specifies which headers are allowed in a preflight request through the Access-Control-Request-Headers header. Each header name in the Access-Control-Request-Headers header must match a corresponding entry in the rule. Amazon S3 will send only the allowed headers in a response that were requested. For a sample list of headers that can be used in requests to Amazon S3, go to Common Request Headers in the Amazon Simple Storage Service API Reference guide.

Each AllowedHeader string in the rule can contain at most one * wildcard character. For example, <AllowedHeader>x-amz-*</AllowedHeader> will enable all Amazon-specific headers.

ExposeHeader element

Each ExposeHeader element identifies a header in the response that you want customers to be able to access from their applications (for example, from a JavaScript XMLHttpRequest object). For a list of common Amazon S3 response headers, go to Common Response Headers in the Amazon Simple Storage Service API Reference guide.

MaxAgeSeconds element

The MaxAgeSeconds element specifies the time in seconds that your browser can cache the response for a preflight request as identified by the resource, the HTTP method, and the origin.