Archive retrieval options - Amazon Simple Storage Service

Archive retrieval options

The following are the available retrieval options when restoring an archived object in Amazon S3:

  • Expedited - Quickly access your data stored in the S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval storage class or S3 Intelligent-Tiering Archive Access tier when occasional urgent requests for a subset of archives are required. For all but the largest archived objects (250 MB+), data that is accessed using expedited retrievals is typically made available within 1–5 minutes.

    Provisioned capacity helps ensure that retrieval capacity for expedited retrievals from S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval is available when you need it. For more information, see Provisioned capacity.

  • Standard - Access any of your archived objects within several hours. This is the default option for retrieval requests that do not specify the retrieval option. Standard retrievals typically finish within 3–5 hours for objects stored in the S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval storage class or S3 Intelligent-Tiering Archive Access tier. They typically finish within 12 hours for objects stored in the S3 Glacier Deep Archive or S3 Intelligent-Tiering Deep Archive Access storage class. Standard retrievals are free for objects stored in S3 Intelligent-Tiering.

  • Bulk - The lowest-cost retrieval option in Amazon S3 Glacier, enabling you to retrieve large amounts, even petabytes, of data inexpensively. Bulk retrievals typically finish within 5–12 hours for objects stored in the S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval storage class or S3 Intelligent-Tiering Archive Access tier. They typically finish within 48 hours for objects stored in the S3 Glacier Deep Archive storage class or S3 Intelligent-Tiering Deep Archive Access tier. Bulk retrievals are free for objects stored in S3 Intelligent-Tiering.

The following table summarizes the archival retrieval options. For complete information about pricing, see Amazon S3 pricing.

Storage class or tier Expedited Standard Bulk

S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval or S3 Intelligent-Tiering Archive Access

1–5 minutes

3–5 hours

5–12 hours

S3 Glacier Deep Archive or S3 Intelligent-Tiering Deep Archive Access

Not available

Within 12 hours

Within 48 hours

To make an Expedited, Standard, or Bulk retrieval, set the Tier request element in the POST Object restore REST API request to the option you want, or the equivalent in the AWS CLI or AWS SDKs. If you purchased provisioned capacity, all expedited retrievals are automatically served through your provisioned capacity.

You can restore an archived object programmatically or by using the Amazon S3 console. Amazon S3 processes only one restore request at a time per object. You can use both the console and the Amazon S3 API to check the restoration status and to find out when Amazon S3 will delete the restored copy.

For more information, see Restoring an archived object.

Provisioned capacity

Provisioned capacity helps ensure that your retrieval capacity for expedited retrievals from S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval is available when you need it. Each unit of capacity provides that at least three expedited retrievals can be performed every 5 minutes, and it provides up to 150 MB/s of retrieval throughput.

If your workload requires highly reliable and predictable access to a subset of your data in minutes, you should purchase provisioned retrieval capacity. Without provisioned capacity, expedited retrievals might not be accepted during periods of high demand. If you require access to expedited retrievals under all circumstances, we recommend that you purchase provisioned retrieval capacity.

You can purchase provisioned capacity using the Amazon S3 console, the Amazon S3 Glacier console, the Purchase Provisioned Capacity REST API, the AWS SDKs, or the AWS CLI. For provisioned capacity pricing information, see Amazon S3 pricing.

Upgrading the speed of an in-progress restore

Using Amazon S3 restore speed upgrade, you can change the restore speed to a faster speed while the restore is in progress. A restore speed upgrade overrides an in-progress restore with a faster restore tier. You cannot slow down an in-progress restore.

To upgrade the speed of an in-progress restoration, issue another restore request to the same object that sets a new Tier request element in the POST Object restore REST API, or the equivalent in the AWS CLI or AWS SDKs. When issuing a request to upgrade the restore tier, you must choose a tier that is faster than the tier that the in-progress restore is using. You must not change any other parameters, such as the Days request element.

Note

Standard and bulk restores for S3 Intelligent-Tiering are free of charge. However, subsequent restore requests called on an object that is already being restored are billed as a GET request.

You can be notified when your restore is complete using Amazon S3 Event Notifications. For more information, see Amazon S3 Event Notifications. Restores are charged at the price of the upgraded tier. For information about restore pricing, see Amazon S3 pricing.