ExecuteStatement - Amazon DynamoDB


This operation allows you to perform reads and singleton writes on data stored in DynamoDB, using PartiQL.

For PartiQL reads (SELECT statement), if the total number of processed items exceeds the maximum dataset size limit of 1 MB, the read stops and results are returned to the user as a LastEvaluatedKey value to continue the read in a subsequent operation. If the filter criteria in WHERE clause does not match any data, the read will return an empty result set.

A single SELECT statement response can return up to the maximum number of items (if using the Limit parameter) or a maximum of 1 MB of data (and then apply any filtering to the results using WHERE clause). If LastEvaluatedKey is present in the response, you need to paginate the result set. If NextToken is present, you need to paginate the result set and include NextToken.

Request Syntax

{ "ConsistentRead": boolean, "Limit": number, "NextToken": "string", "Parameters": [ { "B": blob, "BOOL": boolean, "BS": [ blob ], "L": [ "AttributeValue" ], "M": { "string" : "AttributeValue" }, "N": "string", "NS": [ "string" ], "NULL": boolean, "S": "string", "SS": [ "string" ] } ], "ReturnConsumedCapacity": "string", "ReturnValuesOnConditionCheckFailure": "string", "Statement": "string" }

Request Parameters

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.


In the following list, the required parameters are described first.


The PartiQL statement representing the operation to run.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 8192.

Required: Yes


The consistency of a read operation. If set to true, then a strongly consistent read is used; otherwise, an eventually consistent read is used.

Type: Boolean

Required: No


The maximum number of items to evaluate (not necessarily the number of matching items). If DynamoDB processes the number of items up to the limit while processing the results, it stops the operation and returns the matching values up to that point, along with a key in LastEvaluatedKey to apply in a subsequent operation so you can pick up where you left off. Also, if the processed dataset size exceeds 1 MB before DynamoDB reaches this limit, it stops the operation and returns the matching values up to the limit, and a key in LastEvaluatedKey to apply in a subsequent operation to continue the operation.

Type: Integer

Valid Range: Minimum value of 1.

Required: No


Set this value to get remaining results, if NextToken was returned in the statement response.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 32768.

Required: No


The parameters for the PartiQL statement, if any.

Type: Array of AttributeValue objects

Array Members: Minimum number of 1 item.

Required: No


Determines the level of detail about either provisioned or on-demand throughput consumption that is returned in the response:

  • INDEXES - The response includes the aggregate ConsumedCapacity for the operation, together with ConsumedCapacity for each table and secondary index that was accessed.

    Note that some operations, such as GetItem and BatchGetItem, do not access any indexes at all. In these cases, specifying INDEXES will only return ConsumedCapacity information for table(s).

  • TOTAL - The response includes only the aggregate ConsumedCapacity for the operation.

  • NONE - No ConsumedCapacity details are included in the response.

Type: String

Valid Values: INDEXES | TOTAL | NONE

Required: No


An optional parameter that returns the item attributes for an ExecuteStatement operation that failed a condition check.

There is no additional cost associated with requesting a return value aside from the small network and processing overhead of receiving a larger response. No read capacity units are consumed.

Type: String

Valid Values: ALL_OLD | NONE

Required: No

Response Syntax

{ "ConsumedCapacity": { "CapacityUnits": number, "GlobalSecondaryIndexes": { "string" : { "CapacityUnits": number, "ReadCapacityUnits": number, "WriteCapacityUnits": number } }, "LocalSecondaryIndexes": { "string" : { "CapacityUnits": number, "ReadCapacityUnits": number, "WriteCapacityUnits": number } }, "ReadCapacityUnits": number, "Table": { "CapacityUnits": number, "ReadCapacityUnits": number, "WriteCapacityUnits": number }, "TableName": "string", "WriteCapacityUnits": number }, "Items": [ { "string" : { "B": blob, "BOOL": boolean, "BS": [ blob ], "L": [ "AttributeValue" ], "M": { "string" : "AttributeValue" }, "N": "string", "NS": [ "string" ], "NULL": boolean, "S": "string", "SS": [ "string" ] } } ], "LastEvaluatedKey": { "string" : { "B": blob, "BOOL": boolean, "BS": [ blob ], "L": [ "AttributeValue" ], "M": { "string" : "AttributeValue" }, "N": "string", "NS": [ "string" ], "NULL": boolean, "S": "string", "SS": [ "string" ] } }, "NextToken": "string" }

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response.

The following data is returned in JSON format by the service.


The capacity units consumed by an operation. The data returned includes the total provisioned throughput consumed, along with statistics for the table and any indexes involved in the operation. ConsumedCapacity is only returned if the request asked for it. For more information, see Provisioned capacity mode in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Type: ConsumedCapacity object


If a read operation was used, this property will contain the result of the read operation; a map of attribute names and their values. For the write operations this value will be empty.

Type: Array of string to AttributeValue object maps

Key Length Constraints: Maximum length of 65535.


The primary key of the item where the operation stopped, inclusive of the previous result set. Use this value to start a new operation, excluding this value in the new request. If LastEvaluatedKey is empty, then the "last page" of results has been processed and there is no more data to be retrieved. If LastEvaluatedKey is not empty, it does not necessarily mean that there is more data in the result set. The only way to know when you have reached the end of the result set is when LastEvaluatedKey is empty.

Type: String to AttributeValue object map

Key Length Constraints: Maximum length of 65535.


If the response of a read request exceeds the response payload limit DynamoDB will set this value in the response. If set, you can use that this value in the subsequent request to get the remaining results.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 32768.


For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.


A condition specified in the operation could not be evaluated.

HTTP Status Code: 400


There was an attempt to insert an item with the same primary key as an item that already exists in the DynamoDB table.

HTTP Status Code: 400


An error occurred on the server side.

HTTP Status Code: 500


An item collection is too large. This exception is only returned for tables that have one or more local secondary indexes.

HTTP Status Code: 400


Your request rate is too high. The AWS SDKs for DynamoDB automatically retry requests that receive this exception. Your request is eventually successful, unless your retry queue is too large to finish. Reduce the frequency of requests and use exponential backoff. For more information, go to Error Retries and Exponential Backoff in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

HTTP Status Code: 400


Throughput exceeds the current throughput quota for your account. Please contact AWS Support to request a quota increase.

HTTP Status Code: 400


The operation tried to access a nonexistent table or index. The resource might not be specified correctly, or its status might not be ACTIVE.

HTTP Status Code: 400


Operation was rejected because there is an ongoing transaction for the item.

HTTP Status Code: 400

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: