Reusing query results - Amazon Athena

Reusing query results

When you re-run a query in Athena, you can optionally choose to reuse the last stored query result. This option can increase performance and reduce costs in terms of the number of bytes scanned. Reusing query results is useful if, for example, you know that the results will not change within a given time frame.

You can specify a maximum age for reusing query results. Athena uses the stored result as long as it is not older than the age that you specify.


The query result reuse feature requires Athena engine version 3. For information about changing engine versions, see Changing Athena engine versions.

Key features

  • Reusing query results is a per-query, opt-in feature. You can enable query result reuse on a per query basis.

  • The maximum age for reusing query results can be specified in minutes, hours, or days. The maximum age specifiable is the equivalent of 7 days regardless of the time unit used. The default is 60 minutes.

  • When you enable result reuse for a query, Athena looks for a previous execution of the query within the same workgroup. If Athena finds corresponding stored query results, it does not rerun the query, but points to the previous result location or fetches data from it.

  • For any query that enables the results reuse option, Athena reuses the last query result saved to the workgroup folder only when all the following conditions are true:

    • The query string is an exact match.

    • The database and the catalog name match.

    • The previous result is not older than the maximum age specified, or not older than 60 minutes if a maximum age has not been specified.

    • Athena only reuses an execution that has the exact same result configuration as the current execution.

    • You have access to all the tables referenced in the query.

    • You have access to the S3 file location where the previous result is stored.

If any of these conditions are not met, Athena runs the query without using the cached results.

Considerations and limitations

When using the query result reuse feature, keep in mind the following points:

  • Athena reuses query results only within the same workgroup.

  • Tables with row and column permissions are not supported.

  • Queries that reference federated catalogs or an external Hive metastore are not supported.

  • The reuse query results feature respects workgroup configurations. If you override the result configuration for a query, the feature is disabled.

  • Athena requires that you have Amazon S3 read permissions for the previously generated output file to be reused.

  • The reuse query results feature assumes that content of previous result has not been modified. Athena does not check the integrity of a previous result before using it.

  • Potentially stale results can be returned. Athena does not check for changes in source data until the maximum reuse age that you specify has been reached.

  • If multiple results are available for reuse, Athena uses the latest result.

  • Queries that use non-deterministic operators or functions like rand() or shuffle() do not used cached results. For example, LIMIT without ORDER BY is non-deterministic and not cached, but LIMIT with ORDER BY is deterministic and is cached.

  • You cannot reuse query results with Apache Iceberg tables.

  • Query result reuse is supported in the Athena console, in the Athena API, and in the JDBC driver. Currently, ODBC driver support for query result reuse is available only for Windows.

  • Query result reuse is not supported for Lake Formation registered tables.

  • To use the query result reuse feature with JDBC, the minimum required driver version is For ODBC, the minimum required driver version is For driver download information, see Connecting to Amazon Athena with ODBC and JDBC drivers.

Reusing query results in the Athena console

To use the feature, enable the Reuse query results option in the Athena query editor.

                Enable Reuse query results in the Athena query
To configure the reuse query results feature
  1. In the Athena query editor, under the Reuse query results option, choose the edit icon next to up to 60 minutes ago.

  2. In the Edit reuse time dialog box, from the box on the right, choose a time unit (minutes, hours, or days).

  3. In the box on the left, enter or choose the number of time units that you want to specify. The maximum time you can enter is the equivalent of seven days regardless of the time unit chosen.

                        Configuring the maximum age for reusing query results.

    The following example specifies a maximum reuse time of two days.

                        Query result reuse configured for a maximum of two days.
  4. Choose Confirm.

    A banner confirms your configuration change, and the Reuse query results option displays your new setting.

                        New reuse query results setting in the Athena query editor.