CreateAutoScalingGroup - Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling

CreateAutoScalingGroup

Creates an Auto Scaling group with the specified name and attributes.

If you exceed your maximum limit of Auto Scaling groups, the call fails. To query this limit, call the DescribeAccountLimits API. For information about updating this limit, see Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling service quotas in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

For introductory exercises for creating an Auto Scaling group, see Getting started with Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling and Tutorial: Set up a scaled and load-balanced application in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide. For more information, see Auto Scaling groups in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Every Auto Scaling group has three size parameters (DesiredCapacity, MaxSize, and MinSize). Usually, you set these sizes based on a specific number of instances. However, if you configure a mixed instances policy that defines weights for the instance types, you must specify these sizes with the same units that you use for weighting instances.

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

AutoScalingGroupName

The name of the Auto Scaling group. This name must be unique per Region per account.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 255.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: Yes

AvailabilityZones.member.N

A list of Availability Zones where instances in the Auto Scaling group can be created. This parameter is optional if you specify one or more subnets for VPCZoneIdentifier.

Conditional: If your account supports EC2-Classic and VPC, this parameter is required to launch instances into EC2-Classic.

Type: Array of strings

Array Members: Minimum number of 1 item.

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 255.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

CapacityRebalance

Indicates whether Capacity Rebalancing is enabled. Otherwise, Capacity Rebalancing is disabled. When you turn on Capacity Rebalancing, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling attempts to launch a Spot Instance whenever Amazon EC2 notifies that a Spot Instance is at an elevated risk of interruption. After launching a new instance, it then terminates an old instance. For more information, see Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling Capacity Rebalancing in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: Boolean

Required: No

DefaultCooldown

The amount of time, in seconds, after a scaling activity completes before another scaling activity can start. The default value is 300. This setting applies when using simple scaling policies, but not when using other scaling policies or scheduled scaling. For more information, see Scaling cooldowns for Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: Integer

Required: No

DesiredCapacity

The desired capacity is the initial capacity of the Auto Scaling group at the time of its creation and the capacity it attempts to maintain. It can scale beyond this capacity if you configure auto scaling. This number must be greater than or equal to the minimum size of the group and less than or equal to the maximum size of the group. If you do not specify a desired capacity, the default is the minimum size of the group.

Type: Integer

Required: No

HealthCheckGracePeriod

The amount of time, in seconds, that Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling waits before checking the health status of an EC2 instance that has come into service. During this time, any health check failures for the instance are ignored. The default value is 0. For more information, see Health check grace period in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Conditional: Required if you are adding an ELB health check.

Type: Integer

Required: No

HealthCheckType

The service to use for the health checks. The valid values are EC2 (default) and ELB. If you configure an Auto Scaling group to use load balancer (ELB) health checks, it considers the instance unhealthy if it fails either the EC2 status checks or the load balancer health checks. For more information, see Health checks for Auto Scaling instances in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 32.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

InstanceId

The ID of the instance used to base the launch configuration on. If specified, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling uses the configuration values from the specified instance to create a new launch configuration. To get the instance ID, use the Amazon EC2 DescribeInstances API operation. For more information, see Creating an Auto Scaling group using an EC2 instance in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 19.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

LaunchConfigurationName

The name of the launch configuration to use to launch instances.

Conditional: You must specify either a launch template (LaunchTemplate or MixedInstancesPolicy) or a launch configuration (LaunchConfigurationName or InstanceId).

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 1600.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

LaunchTemplate

Parameters used to specify the launch template and version to use to launch instances.

Conditional: You must specify either a launch template (LaunchTemplate or MixedInstancesPolicy) or a launch configuration (LaunchConfigurationName or InstanceId).

Note

The launch template that is specified must be configured for use with an Auto Scaling group. For more information, see Creating a launch template for an Auto Scaling group in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: LaunchTemplateSpecification object

Required: No

LifecycleHookSpecificationList.member.N

One or more lifecycle hooks for the group, which specify actions to perform when Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling launches or terminates instances.

Type: Array of LifecycleHookSpecification objects

Required: No

LoadBalancerNames.member.N

A list of Classic Load Balancers associated with this Auto Scaling group. For Application Load Balancers, Network Load Balancers, and Gateway Load Balancers, specify the TargetGroupARNs property instead.

Type: Array of strings

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 255.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

MaxInstanceLifetime

The maximum amount of time, in seconds, that an instance can be in service. The default is null. If specified, the value must be either 0 or a number equal to or greater than 86,400 seconds (1 day). For more information, see Replacing Auto Scaling instances based on maximum instance lifetime in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: Integer

Required: No

MaxSize

The maximum size of the group.

Note

With a mixed instances policy that uses instance weighting, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling may need to go above MaxSize to meet your capacity requirements. In this event, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling will never go above MaxSize by more than your largest instance weight (weights that define how many units each instance contributes to the desired capacity of the group).

Type: Integer

Required: Yes

MinSize

The minimum size of the group.

Type: Integer

Required: Yes

MixedInstancesPolicy

An embedded object that specifies a mixed instances policy. The required parameters must be specified. If optional parameters are unspecified, their default values are used.

The policy includes parameters that not only define the distribution of On-Demand Instances and Spot Instances, the maximum price to pay for Spot Instances, and how the Auto Scaling group allocates instance types to fulfill On-Demand and Spot capacities, but also the parameters that specify the instance configuration information—the launch template and instance types. The policy can also include a weight for each instance type and different launch templates for individual instance types. For more information, see Auto Scaling groups with multiple instance types and purchase options in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: MixedInstancesPolicy object

Required: No

NewInstancesProtectedFromScaleIn

Indicates whether newly launched instances are protected from termination by Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling when scaling in. For more information about preventing instances from terminating on scale in, see Instance scale-in protection in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: Boolean

Required: No

PlacementGroup

The name of an existing placement group into which to launch your instances, if any. A placement group is a logical grouping of instances within a single Availability Zone. You cannot specify multiple Availability Zones and a placement group. For more information, see Placement Groups in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 255.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

ServiceLinkedRoleARN

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the service-linked role that the Auto Scaling group uses to call other AWS services on your behalf. By default, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling uses a service-linked role named AWSServiceRoleForAutoScaling, which it creates if it does not exist. For more information, see Service-linked roles in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 1600.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

Tags.member.N

One or more tags. You can tag your Auto Scaling group and propagate the tags to the Amazon EC2 instances it launches. Tags are not propagated to Amazon EBS volumes. To add tags to Amazon EBS volumes, specify the tags in a launch template but use caution. If the launch template specifies an instance tag with a key that is also specified for the Auto Scaling group, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling overrides the value of that instance tag with the value specified by the Auto Scaling group. For more information, see Tagging Auto Scaling groups and instances in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: Array of Tag objects

Required: No

TargetGroupARNs.member.N

The Amazon Resource Names (ARN) of the target groups to associate with the Auto Scaling group. Instances are registered as targets in a target group, and traffic is routed to the target group. For more information, see Elastic Load Balancing and Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: Array of strings

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 511.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

TerminationPolicies.member.N

A policy or a list of policies that are used to select the instance to terminate. These policies are executed in the order that you list them. For more information, see Controlling which Auto Scaling instances terminate during scale in in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: Array of strings

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 1600.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

VPCZoneIdentifier

A comma-separated list of subnet IDs for a virtual private cloud (VPC) where instances in the Auto Scaling group can be created. If you specify VPCZoneIdentifier with AvailabilityZones, the subnets that you specify for this parameter must reside in those Availability Zones.

Conditional: If your account supports EC2-Classic and VPC, this parameter is required to launch instances into a VPC.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 2047.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.

AlreadyExists

You already have an Auto Scaling group or launch configuration with this name.

HTTP Status Code: 400

LimitExceeded

You have already reached a limit for your Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling resources (for example, Auto Scaling groups, launch configurations, or lifecycle hooks). For more information, see DescribeAccountLimits.

HTTP Status Code: 400

ResourceContention

You already have a pending update to an Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling resource (for example, an Auto Scaling group, instance, or load balancer).

HTTP Status Code: 500

ServiceLinkedRoleFailure

The service-linked role is not yet ready for use.

HTTP Status Code: 500

Examples

Example

This example illustrates one usage of CreateAutoScalingGroup.

Sample Request

https://autoscaling.amazonaws.com/?Action=CreateAutoScalingGroup &AutoScalingGroupName=my-asg &VPCZoneIdentifier=subnet-057fa0918fEXAMPLE%2Csubnet-610acd08EXAMPLE &MinSize=2 &MaxSize=10 &DesiredCapacity=2 &LoadBalancerNames.member.1=my-loadbalancer &HealthCheckType=ELB &HealthCheckGracePeriod=120 &LaunchConfigurationName=my-lc &MaxInstanceLifetime=2592000 &Version=2011-01-01 &AUTHPARAMS

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: