CreateAutoScalingGroup - Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling

CreateAutoScalingGroup

We strongly recommend using a launch template when calling this operation to ensure full functionality for Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling and Amazon EC2.

Creates an Auto Scaling group with the specified name and attributes.

If you exceed your maximum limit of Auto Scaling groups, the call fails. To query this limit, call the DescribeAccountLimits API. For information about updating this limit, see Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling service quotas in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

For introductory exercises for creating an Auto Scaling group, see Getting started with Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling and Tutorial: Set up a scaled and load-balanced application in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide. For more information, see Auto Scaling groups in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Every Auto Scaling group has three size properties (DesiredCapacity, MaxSize, and MinSize). Usually, you set these sizes based on a specific number of instances. However, if you configure a mixed instances policy that defines weights for the instance types, you must specify these sizes with the same units that you use for weighting instances.

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

AutoScalingGroupName

The name of the Auto Scaling group. This name must be unique per Region per account.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 255.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: Yes

AvailabilityZones.member.N

A list of Availability Zones where instances in the Auto Scaling group can be created. Used for launching into EC2-Classic or the default VPC subnet in each Availability Zone when not using the VPCZoneIdentifier property, or for attaching a network interface when an existing network interface ID is specified in a launch template.

Type: Array of strings

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 255.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

CapacityRebalance

Indicates whether Capacity Rebalancing is enabled. Otherwise, Capacity Rebalancing is disabled. When you turn on Capacity Rebalancing, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling attempts to launch a Spot Instance whenever Amazon EC2 notifies that a Spot Instance is at an elevated risk of interruption. After launching a new instance, it then terminates an old instance. For more information, see Use Capacity Rebalancing to handle Amazon EC2 Spot Interruptions in the in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: Boolean

Required: No

Context

Reserved.

Type: String

Required: No

DefaultCooldown

Only needed if you use simple scaling policies.

The amount of time, in seconds, between one scaling activity ending and another one starting due to simple scaling policies. For more information, see Scaling cooldowns for Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Default: 300 seconds

Type: Integer

Required: No

DefaultInstanceWarmup

The amount of time, in seconds, until a newly launched instance can contribute to the Amazon CloudWatch metrics. This delay lets an instance finish initializing before Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling aggregates instance metrics, resulting in more reliable usage data. Set this value equal to the amount of time that it takes for resource consumption to become stable after an instance reaches the InService state. For more information, see Set the default instance warmup for an Auto Scaling group in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Important

To manage your warm-up settings at the group level, we recommend that you set the default instance warmup, even if its value is set to 0 seconds. This also optimizes the performance of scaling policies that scale continuously, such as target tracking and step scaling policies.

If you need to remove a value that you previously set, include the property but specify -1 for the value. However, we strongly recommend keeping the default instance warmup enabled by specifying a minimum value of 0.

Default: None

Type: Integer

Required: No

DesiredCapacity

The desired capacity is the initial capacity of the Auto Scaling group at the time of its creation and the capacity it attempts to maintain. It can scale beyond this capacity if you configure auto scaling. This number must be greater than or equal to the minimum size of the group and less than or equal to the maximum size of the group. If you do not specify a desired capacity, the default is the minimum size of the group.

Type: Integer

Required: No

DesiredCapacityType

The unit of measurement for the value specified for desired capacity. Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling supports DesiredCapacityType for attribute-based instance type selection only. For more information, see Creating an Auto Scaling group using attribute-based instance type selection in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

By default, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling specifies units, which translates into number of instances.

Valid values: units | vcpu | memory-mib

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 255.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

HealthCheckGracePeriod

The amount of time, in seconds, that Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling waits before checking the health status of an EC2 instance that has come into service and marking it unhealthy due to a failed Elastic Load Balancing or custom health check. This is useful if your instances do not immediately pass these health checks after they enter the InService state. For more information, see Health check grace period in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Default: 0 seconds

Type: Integer

Required: No

HealthCheckType

The service to use for the health checks. The valid values are EC2 (default) and ELB. If you configure an Auto Scaling group to use load balancer (ELB) health checks, it considers the instance unhealthy if it fails either the EC2 status checks or the load balancer health checks. For more information, see Health checks for Auto Scaling instances in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 32.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

InstanceId

The ID of the instance used to base the launch configuration on. If specified, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling uses the configuration values from the specified instance to create a new launch configuration. To get the instance ID, use the Amazon EC2 DescribeInstances API operation. For more information, see Creating an Auto Scaling group using an EC2 instance in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 19.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

LaunchConfigurationName

The name of the launch configuration to use to launch instances.

Conditional: You must specify either a launch template (LaunchTemplate or MixedInstancesPolicy) or a launch configuration (LaunchConfigurationName or InstanceId).

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 255.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

LaunchTemplate

Information used to specify the launch template and version to use to launch instances.

Conditional: You must specify either a launch template (LaunchTemplate or MixedInstancesPolicy) or a launch configuration (LaunchConfigurationName or InstanceId).

Note

The launch template that is specified must be configured for use with an Auto Scaling group. For more information, see Creating a launch template for an Auto Scaling group in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: LaunchTemplateSpecification object

Required: No

LifecycleHookSpecificationList.member.N

One or more lifecycle hooks to add to the Auto Scaling group before instances are launched.

Type: Array of LifecycleHookSpecification objects

Required: No

LoadBalancerNames.member.N

A list of Classic Load Balancers associated with this Auto Scaling group. For Application Load Balancers, Network Load Balancers, and Gateway Load Balancer, specify the TargetGroupARNs property instead.

Type: Array of strings

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 255.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

MaxInstanceLifetime

The maximum amount of time, in seconds, that an instance can be in service. The default is null. If specified, the value must be either 0 or a number equal to or greater than 86,400 seconds (1 day). For more information, see Replacing Auto Scaling instances based on maximum instance lifetime in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: Integer

Required: No

MaxSize

The maximum size of the group.

Note

With a mixed instances policy that uses instance weighting, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling may need to go above MaxSize to meet your capacity requirements. In this event, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling will never go above MaxSize by more than your largest instance weight (weights that define how many units each instance contributes to the desired capacity of the group).

Type: Integer

Required: Yes

MinSize

The minimum size of the group.

Type: Integer

Required: Yes

MixedInstancesPolicy

An embedded object that specifies a mixed instances policy.

The policy includes properties that not only define the distribution of On-Demand Instances and Spot Instances, the maximum price to pay for Spot Instances, and how the Auto Scaling group allocates instance types to fulfill On-Demand and Spot capacities, but also the properties that specify the instance configuration information—the launch template and instance types. The policy can also include a weight for each instance type and different launch templates for individual instance types. For more information, see Auto Scaling groups with multiple instance types and purchase options in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: MixedInstancesPolicy object

Required: No

NewInstancesProtectedFromScaleIn

Indicates whether newly launched instances are protected from termination by Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling when scaling in. For more information about preventing instances from terminating on scale in, see Using instance scale-in protection in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: Boolean

Required: No

PlacementGroup

The name of the placement group into which to launch your instances. For more information, see Placement groups in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances.

Note

A cluster placement group is a logical grouping of instances within a single Availability Zone. You cannot specify multiple Availability Zones and a cluster placement group.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 255.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

ServiceLinkedRoleARN

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the service-linked role that the Auto Scaling group uses to call other AWS service on your behalf. By default, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling uses a service-linked role named AWSServiceRoleForAutoScaling, which it creates if it does not exist. For more information, see Service-linked roles in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 1600.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

Tags.member.N

One or more tags. You can tag your Auto Scaling group and propagate the tags to the Amazon EC2 instances it launches. Tags are not propagated to Amazon EBS volumes. To add tags to Amazon EBS volumes, specify the tags in a launch template but use caution. If the launch template specifies an instance tag with a key that is also specified for the Auto Scaling group, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling overrides the value of that instance tag with the value specified by the Auto Scaling group. For more information, see Tag Auto Scaling groups and instances in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: Array of Tag objects

Required: No

TargetGroupARNs.member.N

The Amazon Resource Names (ARN) of the target groups to associate with the Auto Scaling group. Instances are registered as targets with the target groups. The target groups receive incoming traffic and route requests to one or more registered targets. For more information, see Use Elastic Load Balancing to distribute traffic across the instances in your Auto Scaling group in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Type: Array of strings

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 511.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

TerminationPolicies.member.N

A policy or a list of policies that are used to select the instance to terminate. These policies are executed in the order that you list them. For more information, see Work with Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling termination policies in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Valid values: Default | AllocationStrategy | ClosestToNextInstanceHour | NewestInstance | OldestInstance | OldestLaunchConfiguration | OldestLaunchTemplate | arn:aws:lambda:region:account-id:function:my-function:my-alias

Type: Array of strings

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 1600.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

VPCZoneIdentifier

A comma-separated list of subnet IDs for a virtual private cloud (VPC) where instances in the Auto Scaling group can be created. If you specify VPCZoneIdentifier with AvailabilityZones, the subnets that you specify must reside in those Availability Zones.

Conditional: If your account supports EC2-Classic and VPC, this property is required to launch instances into a VPC.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 2047.

Pattern: [\u0020-\uD7FF\uE000-\uFFFD\uD800\uDC00-\uDBFF\uDFFF\r\n\t]*

Required: No

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.

AlreadyExists

You already have an Auto Scaling group or launch configuration with this name.

HTTP Status Code: 400

LimitExceeded

You have already reached a limit for your Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling resources (for example, Auto Scaling groups, launch configurations, or lifecycle hooks). For more information, see DescribeAccountLimits.

HTTP Status Code: 400

ResourceContention

You already have a pending update to an Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling resource (for example, an Auto Scaling group, instance, or load balancer).

HTTP Status Code: 500

ServiceLinkedRoleFailure

The service-linked role is not yet ready for use.

HTTP Status Code: 500

Examples

Example

This example illustrates one usage of CreateAutoScalingGroup.

Sample Request

https://autoscaling.amazonaws.com/?Action=CreateAutoScalingGroup &AutoScalingGroupName=my-asg &VPCZoneIdentifier=subnet-057fa0918fEXAMPLE%2Csubnet-610acd08EXAMPLE &MinSize=2 &MaxSize=10 &DesiredCapacity=2 &LoadBalancerNames.member.1=my-loadbalancer &HealthCheckType=ELB &HealthCheckGracePeriod=120 &LaunchConfigurationName=my-lc &MaxInstanceLifetime=2592000 &Version=2011-01-01 &AUTHPARAMS

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: