Deleting backups - AWS Backup

Deleting backups

We recommend you use AWS Backup to automatically delete the backups that you no longer need by configuring your lifecycle when you created your backup plan. For example, if you set your backup plan’s lifecycle to retain your recovery points for one year, AWS Backup will automatically delete on January 1, 2022 the recovery points it created on or within several hours of January 1, 2021. (AWS Backup randomizes its deletions within 8 hours following recovery point expiration to maintain performance.) To learn more about configuring your lifecycle retention policy, see Creating a backup plan.

However, you might want to manually delete one or more recovery points. For example:

  • You have EXPIRED recovery points. These are recovery points AWS Backup was unable to delete automatically because you deleted or modified the original IAM policy you used to create your backup plan. When AWS Backup attempted to delete them, it lacked permission to do so.

    Warning

    You will continue to store expired recovery points in your account. This might increase your storage costs.

    After August 6, 2021, AWS Backup will show the target recovery point as Expired in its backup vault. You can hover your mouse over the red Expired status for a popover status message that explains why it was unable to delete the backup. You can also choose Refresh to receive the most recent information.

  • You no longer want a backup plan to operate the way you configured it. Updating the backup plan affects the future recovery points it will create, but does not affect the recovery point it already created. To learn more, see Updating a backup plan.

  • You need to clean up after finishing a test or tutorial.

Deleting backups manually

To manually delete recovery points

  1. In the AWS Backup console, in the navigation pane, choose Backup vaults.

  2. On the Backup vaults page, choose the backup vault where you stored the backups.

  3. Choose a recovery point, choose the Actions dropdown, then choose Delete.

    1. If your list contains a continuous backup, choose one of following options. Each continuous backup has a single recovery point.

      • Permanently delete my backup data or Delete recovery point. By selecting one of these options, you stop future continuous backups and also delete your existing continuous backup data.

      • Keep my continous backup data or Disassociate recovery point. By selecting one of these options, you stop future continuous backups but retain your existing continuous backup data until it expires as defined by your retention period.

    2. To delete all the recovery points listed, type delete, and then choose Delete recovery points.

    3. AWS Backup begins to submit your recovery points for deletion and displays a progress bar. Keep your browser tab open and do not navigate away from this page during the submission process.

    4. At the end of the submission process, AWS Backup presents you a status in the banner. The status can be:

      • Successfully submitted. You can choose to View progress about each recovery point’s deletion status.

      • Failed to submit. You can choose to View progress about each recovery point’s deletion status or Try again with your submission.

      • A mixed result where some recovery points were successfully submitted while other recovery points failed to submit.

    5. If you choose View progress, you can review the Deletion status of each backup. If a deletion status is Failed or Expired, you can click that status to see the reason. You can also choose to Retry failed deletions.

Troubleshooting manual deletions

In rare situations, AWS Backup might not complete your delete request. AWS Backup uses the service-linked role AWSServiceRoleForBackup to perform deletions.

If your delete request fails, verify that your IAM role has the permission to create service-linked roles. Specifically, verify your IAM role has the iam:CreateServiceLinkedRole action. If it does not, add this permission to your service-linked role using the steps in Service-linked role permissions in the AWS Identity and Access Management User Guide. Adding this permission allows AWS Backup to perform manual deletions.

If, after you confirm that your IAM role has the iam:CreateServiceLinkedRole action, your recovery points are still stuck in the DELETING status, we are likely investigating your issue. Complete your manual deletion with the following steps:

  1. Set up a reminder to come back in 2-3 days.

  2. After 2-3 days, check for recently EXPIRED deletion points that are the result of your first manual deletion operation.

  3. Manually delete those EXPIRED recovery points.