Amazon Route53 Resolver Construct Library


cfn-resources: Stable

All classes with the Cfn prefix in this module (CFN Resources) are always stable and safe to use.

cdk-constructs: Experimental

The APIs of higher level constructs in this module are experimental and under active development. They are subject to non-backward compatible changes or removal in any future version. These are not subject to the Semantic Versioning model and breaking changes will be announced in the release notes. This means that while you may use them, you may need to update your source code when upgrading to a newer version of this package.

DNS Firewall

With Route 53 Resolver DNS Firewall, you can filter and regulate outbound DNS traffic for your virtual private connections (VPCs). To do this, you create reusable collections of filtering rules in DNS Firewall rule groups and associate the rule groups to your VPC.

DNS Firewall provides protection for outbound DNS requests from your VPCs. These requests route through Resolver for domain name resolution. A primary use of DNS Firewall protections is to help prevent DNS exfiltration of your data. DNS exfiltration can happen when a bad actor compromises an application instance in your VPC and then uses DNS lookup to send data out of the VPC to a domain that they control. With DNS Firewall, you can monitor and control the domains that your applications can query. You can deny access to the domains that you know to be bad and allow all other queries to pass through. Alternately, you can deny access to all domains except for the ones that you explicitly trust.

Domain lists

Domain lists can be created using a list of strings, a text file stored in Amazon S3 or a local text file:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See
block_list = route53resolver.FirewallDomainList(self, "BlockList",
    domains=route53resolver.FirewallDomains.from_list(["", ""])

s3_list = route53resolver.FirewallDomainList(self, "S3List",

asset_list = route53resolver.FirewallDomainList(self, "AssetList",

The file must be a text file and must contain a single domain per line.

Use FirewallDomainList.fromFirewallDomainListId() to import an existing or AWS managed domain list:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See
# AWSManagedDomainsMalwareDomainList in us-east-1
malware_list = route53resolver.FirewallDomainList.from_firewall_domain_list_id(self, "Malware", "rslvr-fdl-2c46f2ecbfec4dcc")

Rule group

Create a rule group:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See
route53resolver.FirewallRuleGroup(self, "RuleGroup",
        "priority": 10,
        "firewall_domain_list": my_block_list,
        # block and reply with NODATA
        "action": route53resolver.FirewallRuleAction.block()

Rules can be added at construction time or using addRule():

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See
    # block and reply with NXDOMAIN

    # block and override DNS response with a custom domain

Use associate() to associate a rule group with a VPC:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See