Translating TypeScript AWS CDK code to other languages - AWS Cloud Development Kit (AWS CDK)

Translating TypeScript AWS CDK code to other languages

TypeScript was the first language supported for developing AWS CDK applications, and for that reason, there is a substantial amount of example CDK code written in TypeScript. If you are developing in another language, it may be useful to compare how AWS CDK code is implemented in TypeScript and your language of choice, so you can, with a little effort, make use of these examples.

For more details on working with the AWS CDK in its supported programming languages, see:

Importing a module

TypeScript/JavaScript

TypeScript supports importing either an entire module, or individual objects from a module.

// Import entire module as s3 into current namespace import * as s3 from '@aws-cdk/aws-s3'; // Import an entire module using Node.js require() (import * as s3 generally preferred) const s3 = require('@aws-cdk/aws-s3'); // TypeScript version of require() (again, import * as s3 generally preferred) import s3 = require('@aws-cdk/aws-s3'); // Now use s3 to access the S3 types const bucket = s3.Bucket(...); // Selective import of s3.Bucket into current namespace import { Bucket } from '@aws-cdk/aws-s3'; // Selective import of Bucket and EventType into current namespace import { Bucket, EventType } from '@aws-cdk/aws-s3'; // Now use Bucket to instantiate an S3 bucket const bucket = Bucket(...);
Python

Like TypeScript, Python supports namespaced module imports and selective imports. Module names in Python look like aws_cdk.xxx, where xxx represents an AWS service name, such as s3 for Amazon S3 (we'll use Amazon S3 for our examples).

# Import entire module as s3 into current namespace import aws_cdk.aws_s3 as s3 # s3 can now be used to access classes it contains bucket = s3.Bucket(...) # Selective import of s3.Bucket into current namespace from aws_cdk.s3 import Bucket # Selective import of Bucket and EventType into current namespace from aws_cdk.s3 import Bucket, EventType # Bucket can now be used to instantiate a bucket bucket = Bucket(...)
Java

Java's imports work differently from TypeScript's. Each import statement imports either a single class name from a given package, or all classes defined in that package (using *). After importing, classes may be accessed using either the class name by itself or (in case of name conflicts) the qualified class name including its package.

Packages are named like software.amazon.awscdk.services.xxx for AWS Construct Library packages (the core module is software.amazon.awscdk.core). The Maven group ID for AWS CDK packages is software.amazon.awscdk.

// Make all Amazon S3 construct library classes available import software.amazon.awscdk.services.s3.*; // Make only Bucket and EventType classes available import software.amazon.awscdk.services.s3.Bucket; import software.amazon.awscdk.services.s3.EventType; // An imported class may now be accessed using the simple class name (assuming that name // does not conflict with another class) Bucket bucket = new Bucket(...); // We can always use the qualified name of a class (including its package) even without an // import directive software.amazon.awscdk.services.s3.Bucket bucket = new software.amazon.awscdk.services.s3.Bucket(...);
C#

In C#, you import types with the using directive. There are two styles, which give you access either all the types in the specified namespace using their plain names, or to refer to the namespace itself using an alias.

Packages are named like Amazon.CDK.AWS.xxx for AWS Construct Library packages (the core module is Amazon.CDK).

// Make all Amazon S3 construct library classes available using Amazon.CDK.AWS.S3; // Now we can access any S3 type using its name var bucket = new Bucket(...); // Import the S3 namespace under an alias using s3 = Amazon.CDK.AWS.S3; // Now we can access an S3 type through the namespace alias var bucket = new s3.Bucket(...); // We can always use the qualified name of a type (including its namespace) even without a // using directive var bucket = new Amazon.CDK.AWS.S3.Bucket(...)

Instantiating a construct

AWS CDK construct classes have the same name in all supported languages. Most languages use the new keyword to instantiate a class (Python is the only one that doesn't). Also, in most languages, the keyword this refers to the current instance. Python, again, is the exception (it uses self by convention). You should pass a reference to the current instance as the scope parameter to every construct you create.

The third argument to a AWS CDK construct is props, an object containing attributes needed to build the construct. This argument may be optional, but when it is required, the supported languages handle it in idiomatic ways. The names of the attributes are also adapted to the language's standard naming patterns.

TypeScript/JavaScript
// Instantiate default Bucket const bucket = new s3.Bucket(this, 'MyBucket'); // Instantiate Bucket with bucketName and versioned properties const bucket = new s3.Bucket(this, 'MyBucket', { bucketName: 'my-bucket', versioned: true, }); // Instantiate Bucket with websiteRedirect, which has its own sub-properties const bucket = new s3.Bucket(this, 'MyBucket', { websiteRedirect: {host: 'aws.amazon.com'}});
Python

Python doesn't use a new keyword when instantiating a class. The properties argument is represented using keyword arguments, and the arguments are named using snake_case.

If a props value is itself a bundle of attributes, it is represented by a class named after the property, which accepts keyword arguments for the sub-properties.

In Python, the current instance is passed to methods as the first argument, which is named self by convention.

# Instantiate default Bucket bucket = s3.Bucket(self, "MyBucket") # Instantiate Bucket with bucket_name and versioned properties bucket = s3.Bucket(self, "MyBucket", bucket_name="my-bucket", versioned=true) # Instantiate Bucket with website_redirect, which has its own sub-properties bucket = s3.Bucket(self, "MyBucket", website_redirect=s3.WebsiteRedirect( host_name="aws.amazon.com"))
Java

In Java, the props argument is represented by a class named XxxxProps (for example, BucketProps for the Bucket construct's props). You build the props argument using a builder pattern.

Each XxxxProps class has a builder, and there is also a convenient builder for each construct that builds the props and the construct in one step, as shown here.

Props are named the same as in TypeScript, using camelCase.

// Instantiate default Bucket Bucket bucket = Bucket(self, "MyBucket"); // Instantiate Bucket with bucketName and versioned properties Bucket bucket = Bucket.Builder.create(self, "MyBucket") .bucketName("my-bucket").versioned(true) .build(); # Instantiate Bucket with websiteRedirect, which has its own sub-properties Bucket bucket = Bucket.Builder.create(self, "MyBucket") .websiteRedirect(new websiteRedirect.Builder() .hostName("aws.amazon.com").build()) .build();
C#

In C#, props are specified using an object initializer to a class named XxxxProps (for example, BucketProps for the Bucket construct's props).

Props are named similarly to TypeScript, except using PascalCase.

It is convenient to use the var keyword when instantiating a construct, so you don't need to type the class name twice. However, your local code style guide may vary.

// Instantiate default Bucket var bucket = Bucket(self, "MyBucket"); // Instantiate Bucket with BucketName and versioned properties var bucket = Bucket(self, "MyBucket", new BucketProps { BucketName = "my-bucket", Versioned = true}); // Instantiate Bucket with WebsiteRedirect, which has its own sub-properties var bucket = Bucket(self, "MyBucket", new BucketProps { WebsiteRedirect = new WebsiteRedirect { HostName = "aws.amazon.com" }});

Accessing members

It is common to refer to attributes or properties of constructs and other AWS CDK classes and use these values as, for examples, inputs to build other constructs. The naming differences described above for methods apply. Furthermore, in Java, it is not possible to access members directly; instead, a getter method is provided.

TypeScript/JavaScript

Names are camelCase.

bucket.bucketArn
Python

Names are snake_case.

bucket.bucket_arn
Java

A getter method is provided for each property; these names are camelCase.

bucket.getBucketArn()
C#

Names are PascalCase.

bucket.BucketArn

Enum constants

Enum constants are scoped to a class, and have uppercase names with underscores in all languages (sometimes referred to as SCREAMING_SNAKE_CASE). Since class names also use the same casing in all supported languages, qualified enum names are also the same.

s3.BucketEncryption.KMS_MANAGED

Object interfaces

The AWS CDK uses TypeScript object interfaces to indicate that a class implements an expected set of methods and properties. You can recognize an object interface because its name starts with I. A concrete class indicates the interface(s) it implements using the implements keyword.

TypeScript/JavaScript
Note

JavaScript doesn't have an interface feature. You can ignore the implements keyword and the class names following it.

import { IAspect, IConstruct } from '@aws-cdk/core'; class MyAspect implements IAspect { public visit(node: IConstruct) { console.log('Visited', node.node.path); } }
Python

Python doesn't have an interface feature. However, for the AWS CDK you can indicate interface implementation by decorating your class with @jsii.implements(interface).

from aws_cdk.core import IAspect, IConstruct import jsii @jsii.implements(IAspect) class MyAspect(): def visit(self, node: IConstruct) -> None: print("Visited", node.node.path)
Java
import software.amazon.awscdk.core.IAspect; import software.amazon.awscdk.core.IConstruct; public class MyAspect implements IAspect { public void visit(IConstruct node) { System.out.format("Visited %s", node.getNode().getPath()); } }
C#
using Amazon.CDK; public class MyAspect : IAspect { public void Visit(IConstruct node) { System.Console.WriteLine($"Visited ${node.Node.Path}"); } }