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[ aws . ec2 ]

authorize-security-group-ingress

Note

To specify multiple rules in a single command use the --ip-permissions option

Description

Adds the specified inbound (ingress) rules to a security group.

An inbound rule permits instances to receive traffic from the specified IPv4 or IPv6 address range, the IP address ranges that are specified by a prefix list, or the instances that are associated with a destination security group. For more information, see Security group rules .

You must specify exactly one of the following sources: an IPv4 or IPv6 address range, a prefix list, or a security group. You must specify a protocol for each rule (for example, TCP). If the protocol is TCP or UDP, you must also specify a port or port range. If the protocol is ICMP or ICMPv6, you must also specify the ICMP/ICMPv6 type and code.

Rule changes are propagated to instances associated with the security group as quickly as possible. However, a small delay might occur.

For examples of rules that you can add to security groups for specific access scenarios, see Security group rules for different use cases in the Amazon EC2 User Guide .

For more information about security group quotas, see Amazon VPC quotas in the Amazon VPC User Guide .

See also: AWS API Documentation

Synopsis

  authorize-security-group-ingress
[--group-id <value>]
[--group-name <value>]
[--ip-permissions <value>]
[--dry-run | --no-dry-run]
[--tag-specifications <value>]
[--protocol <value>]
[--port <value>]
[--cidr <value>]
[--source-group <value>]
[--group-owner <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]
[--debug]
[--endpoint-url <value>]
[--no-verify-ssl]
[--no-paginate]
[--output <value>]
[--query <value>]
[--profile <value>]
[--region <value>]
[--version <value>]
[--color <value>]
[--no-sign-request]
[--ca-bundle <value>]
[--cli-read-timeout <value>]
[--cli-connect-timeout <value>]

Options

--group-id (string)

The ID of the security group.

--group-name (string)

[Default VPC] The name of the security group. For security groups for a default VPC you can specify either the ID or the name of the security group. For security groups for a nondefault VPC, you must specify the ID of the security group.

--ip-permissions (list)

The permissions for the security group rules.

(structure)

Describes the permissions for a security group rule.

FromPort -> (integer)

If the protocol is TCP or UDP, this is the start of the port range. If the protocol is ICMP or ICMPv6, this is the ICMP type or -1 (all ICMP types).

IpProtocol -> (string)

The IP protocol name (tcp , udp , icmp , icmpv6 ) or number (see Protocol Numbers ).

Use -1 to specify all protocols. When authorizing security group rules, specifying -1 or a protocol number other than tcp , udp , icmp , or icmpv6 allows traffic on all ports, regardless of any port range you specify. For tcp , udp , and icmp , you must specify a port range. For icmpv6 , the port range is optional; if you omit the port range, traffic for all types and codes is allowed.

IpRanges -> (list)

The IPv4 address ranges.

(structure)

Describes an IPv4 address range.

CidrIp -> (string)

The IPv4 address range. You can either specify a CIDR block or a source security group, not both. To specify a single IPv4 address, use the /32 prefix length.

Description -> (string)

A description for the security group rule that references this IPv4 address range.

Constraints: Up to 255 characters in length. Allowed characters are a-z, A-Z, 0-9, spaces, and ._-:/()#,@[]+=&;{}!$*

Ipv6Ranges -> (list)

The IPv6 address ranges.

(structure)

Describes an IPv6 address range.

CidrIpv6 -> (string)

The IPv6 address range. You can either specify a CIDR block or a source security group, not both. To specify a single IPv6 address, use the /128 prefix length.

Description -> (string)

A description for the security group rule that references this IPv6 address range.

Constraints: Up to 255 characters in length. Allowed characters are a-z, A-Z, 0-9, spaces, and ._-:/()#,@[]+=&;{}!$*

PrefixListIds -> (list)

The prefix list IDs.

(structure)

Describes a prefix list ID.

Description -> (string)

A description for the security group rule that references this prefix list ID.

Constraints: Up to 255 characters in length. Allowed characters are a-z, A-Z, 0-9, spaces, and ._-:/()#,@[]+=;{}!$*

PrefixListId -> (string)

The ID of the prefix.

ToPort -> (integer)

If the protocol is TCP or UDP, this is the end of the port range. If the protocol is ICMP or ICMPv6, this is the ICMP code or -1 (all ICMP codes). If the start port is -1 (all ICMP types), then the end port must be -1 (all ICMP codes).

UserIdGroupPairs -> (list)

The security group and Amazon Web Services account ID pairs.

(structure)

Describes a security group and Amazon Web Services account ID pair.

Description -> (string)

A description for the security group rule that references this user ID group pair.

Constraints: Up to 255 characters in length. Allowed characters are a-z, A-Z, 0-9, spaces, and ._-:/()#,@[]+=;{}!$*

GroupId -> (string)

The ID of the security group.

GroupName -> (string)

[Default VPC] The name of the security group. For a security group in a nondefault VPC, use the security group ID.

For a referenced security group in another VPC, this value is not returned if the referenced security group is deleted.

PeeringStatus -> (string)

The status of a VPC peering connection, if applicable.

UserId -> (string)

The ID of an Amazon Web Services account.

For a referenced security group in another VPC, the account ID of the referenced security group is returned in the response. If the referenced security group is deleted, this value is not returned.

VpcId -> (string)

The ID of the VPC for the referenced security group, if applicable.

VpcPeeringConnectionId -> (string)

The ID of the VPC peering connection, if applicable.

Shorthand Syntax:

FromPort=integer,IpProtocol=string,IpRanges=[{CidrIp=string,Description=string},{CidrIp=string,Description=string}],Ipv6Ranges=[{CidrIpv6=string,Description=string},{CidrIpv6=string,Description=string}],PrefixListIds=[{Description=string,PrefixListId=string},{Description=string,PrefixListId=string}],ToPort=integer,UserIdGroupPairs=[{Description=string,GroupId=string,GroupName=string,PeeringStatus=string,UserId=string,VpcId=string,VpcPeeringConnectionId=string},{Description=string,GroupId=string,GroupName=string,PeeringStatus=string,UserId=string,VpcId=string,VpcPeeringConnectionId=string}] ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "FromPort": integer,
    "IpProtocol": "string",
    "IpRanges": [
      {
        "CidrIp": "string",
        "Description": "string"
      }
      ...
    ],
    "Ipv6Ranges": [
      {
        "CidrIpv6": "string",
        "Description": "string"
      }
      ...
    ],
    "PrefixListIds": [
      {
        "Description": "string",
        "PrefixListId": "string"
      }
      ...
    ],
    "ToPort": integer,
    "UserIdGroupPairs": [
      {
        "Description": "string",
        "GroupId": "string",
        "GroupName": "string",
        "PeeringStatus": "string",
        "UserId": "string",
        "VpcId": "string",
        "VpcPeeringConnectionId": "string"
      }
      ...
    ]
  }
  ...
]

--dry-run | --no-dry-run (boolean)

Checks whether you have the required permissions for the action, without actually making the request, and provides an error response. If you have the required permissions, the error response is DryRunOperation . Otherwise, it is UnauthorizedOperation .

--tag-specifications (list)

The tags applied to the security group rule.

(structure)

The tags to apply to a resource when the resource is being created. When you specify a tag, you must specify the resource type to tag, otherwise the request will fail.

Note

The Valid Values lists all the resource types that can be tagged. However, the action you're using might not support tagging all of these resource types. If you try to tag a resource type that is unsupported for the action you're using, you'll get an error.

ResourceType -> (string)

The type of resource to tag on creation.

Tags -> (list)

The tags to apply to the resource.

(structure)

Describes a tag.

Key -> (string)

The key of the tag.

Constraints: Tag keys are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 127 Unicode characters. May not begin with aws: .

Value -> (string)

The value of the tag.

Constraints: Tag values are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 256 Unicode characters.

Shorthand Syntax:

ResourceType=string,Tags=[{Key=string,Value=string},{Key=string,Value=string}] ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "ResourceType": "capacity-reservation"|"client-vpn-endpoint"|"customer-gateway"|"carrier-gateway"|"coip-pool"|"dedicated-host"|"dhcp-options"|"egress-only-internet-gateway"|"elastic-ip"|"elastic-gpu"|"export-image-task"|"export-instance-task"|"fleet"|"fpga-image"|"host-reservation"|"image"|"import-image-task"|"import-snapshot-task"|"instance"|"instance-event-window"|"internet-gateway"|"ipam"|"ipam-pool"|"ipam-scope"|"ipv4pool-ec2"|"ipv6pool-ec2"|"key-pair"|"launch-template"|"local-gateway"|"local-gateway-route-table"|"local-gateway-virtual-interface"|"local-gateway-virtual-interface-group"|"local-gateway-route-table-vpc-association"|"local-gateway-route-table-virtual-interface-group-association"|"natgateway"|"network-acl"|"network-interface"|"network-insights-analysis"|"network-insights-path"|"network-insights-access-scope"|"network-insights-access-scope-analysis"|"placement-group"|"prefix-list"|"replace-root-volume-task"|"reserved-instances"|"route-table"|"security-group"|"security-group-rule"|"snapshot"|"spot-fleet-request"|"spot-instances-request"|"subnet"|"subnet-cidr-reservation"|"traffic-mirror-filter"|"traffic-mirror-session"|"traffic-mirror-target"|"transit-gateway"|"transit-gateway-attachment"|"transit-gateway-connect-peer"|"transit-gateway-multicast-domain"|"transit-gateway-policy-table"|"transit-gateway-route-table"|"transit-gateway-route-table-announcement"|"volume"|"vpc"|"vpc-endpoint"|"vpc-endpoint-connection"|"vpc-endpoint-service"|"vpc-endpoint-service-permission"|"vpc-peering-connection"|"vpn-connection"|"vpn-gateway"|"vpc-flow-log"|"capacity-reservation-fleet"|"traffic-mirror-filter-rule"|"vpc-endpoint-connection-device-type"|"verified-access-instance"|"verified-access-group"|"verified-access-endpoint"|"verified-access-policy"|"verified-access-trust-provider"|"vpn-connection-device-type"|"vpc-block-public-access-exclusion"|"vpc-encryption-control"|"ipam-resource-discovery"|"ipam-resource-discovery-association"|"instance-connect-endpoint",
    "Tags": [
      {
        "Key": "string",
        "Value": "string"
      }
      ...
    ]
  }
  ...
]

--protocol (string)

The IP protocol: tcp | udp | icmp

(VPC only) Use all to specify all protocols.

If this argument is provided without also providing the port argument, then it will be applied to all ports for the specified protocol.

--port (string)

For TCP or UDP: The range of ports to allow. A single integer or a range (min-max ).

For ICMP: A single integer or a range (type-code ) representing the ICMP type number and the ICMP code number respectively. A value of -1 indicates all ICMP codes for all ICMP types. A value of -1 just for type indicates all ICMP codes for the specified ICMP type.

--cidr (string)

The IPv4 address range, in CIDR format.

--source-group (string)

The name or ID of the source security group.

--group-owner (string)

The AWS account ID that owns the source security group. Cannot be used when specifying a CIDR IP address.

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

Global Options

--debug (boolean)

Turn on debug logging.

--endpoint-url (string)

Override command's default URL with the given URL.

--no-verify-ssl (boolean)

By default, the AWS CLI uses SSL when communicating with AWS services. For each SSL connection, the AWS CLI will verify SSL certificates. This option overrides the default behavior of verifying SSL certificates.

--no-paginate (boolean)

Disable automatic pagination.

--output (string)

The formatting style for command output.

  • json
  • text
  • table

--query (string)

A JMESPath query to use in filtering the response data.

--profile (string)

Use a specific profile from your credential file.

--region (string)

The region to use. Overrides config/env settings.

--version (string)

Display the version of this tool.

--color (string)

Turn on/off color output.

  • on
  • off
  • auto

--no-sign-request (boolean)

Do not sign requests. Credentials will not be loaded if this argument is provided.

--ca-bundle (string)

The CA certificate bundle to use when verifying SSL certificates. Overrides config/env settings.

--cli-read-timeout (int)

The maximum socket read time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket read will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

--cli-connect-timeout (int)

The maximum socket connect time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket connect will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

Examples

Note

To use the following examples, you must have the AWS CLI installed and configured. See the Getting started guide in the AWS CLI User Guide for more information.

Unless otherwise stated, all examples have unix-like quotation rules. These examples will need to be adapted to your terminal's quoting rules. See Using quotation marks with strings in the AWS CLI User Guide .

Example 1: To add a rule that allows inbound SSH traffic

The following authorize-security-group-ingress example adds a rule that allows inbound traffic on TCP port 22 (SSH).

aws ec2 authorize-security-group-ingress \
    --group-id sg-1234567890abcdef0 \
    --protocol tcp \
    --port 22 \
    --cidr 203.0.113.0/24

Output:

{
    "Return": true,
    "SecurityGroupRules": [
        {
            "SecurityGroupRuleId": "sgr-01afa97ef3e1bedfc",
            "GroupId": "sg-1234567890abcdef0",
            "GroupOwnerId": "123456789012",
            "IsEgress": false,
            "IpProtocol": "tcp",
            "FromPort": 22,
            "ToPort": 22,
            "CidrIpv4": "203.0.113.0/24"
        }
    ]
}

Example 2: To add a rule that allows inbound HTTP traffic from another security group

The following authorize-security-group-ingress example adds a rule that allows inbound access on TCP port 80 from the source security group sg-1a2b3c4d. The source group must be in the same VPC or in a peer VPC (requires a VPC peering connection). Incoming traffic is allowed based on the private IP addresses of instances that are associated with the source security group (not the public IP address or Elastic IP address).

aws ec2 authorize-security-group-ingress \
    --group-id sg-1234567890abcdef0 \
    --protocol tcp \
    --port 80 \
    --source-group sg-1a2b3c4d

Output:

{
    "Return": true,
    "SecurityGroupRules": [
        {
            "SecurityGroupRuleId": "sgr-01f4be99110f638a7",
            "GroupId": "sg-1234567890abcdef0",
            "GroupOwnerId": "123456789012",
            "IsEgress": false,
            "IpProtocol": "tcp",
            "FromPort": 80,
            "ToPort": 80,
            "ReferencedGroupInfo": {
                "GroupId": "sg-1a2b3c4d",
                "UserId": "123456789012"
            }
        }
    ]
}

Example 3: To add multiple rules in the same call

The following authorize-security-group-ingress example uses the ip-permissions parameter to add two inbound rules, one that enables inbound access on TCP port 3389 (RDP) and the other that enables ping/ICMP.

aws ec2 authorize-security-group-ingress
--group-id sg-1234567890abcdef0 --ip-permissions IpProtocol=tcp,FromPort=3389,ToPort=3389,IpRanges="[{CidrIp=172.31.0.0/16}]" IpProtocol=icmp,FromPort=-1,ToPort=-1,IpRanges="[{CidrIp=172.31.0.0/16}]"

Output:

{
    "Return": true,
    "SecurityGroupRules": [
        {
            "SecurityGroupRuleId": "sgr-00e06e5d3690f29f3",
            "GroupId": "sg-1234567890abcdef0",
            "GroupOwnerId": "123456789012",
            "IsEgress": false,
            "IpProtocol": "tcp",
            "FromPort": 3389,
            "ToPort": 3389,
            "CidrIpv4": "172.31.0.0/16"
        },
        {
            "SecurityGroupRuleId": "sgr-0a133dd4493944b87",
            "GroupId": "sg-1234567890abcdef0",
            "GroupOwnerId": "123456789012",
            "IsEgress": false,
            "IpProtocol": "tcp",
            "FromPort": -1,
            "ToPort": -1,
            "CidrIpv4": "172.31.0.0/16"
        }
    ]
}

Example 4: To add a rule for ICMP traffic

The following authorize-security-group-ingress example uses the ip-permissions parameter to add an inbound rule that allows the ICMP message Destination Unreachable: Fragmentation Needed and Don't Fragment was Set (Type 3, Code 4) from anywhere.

aws ec2 authorize-security-group-ingress
--group-id sg-1234567890abcdef0 --ip-permissions IpProtocol=icmp,FromPort=3,ToPort=4,IpRanges="[{CidrIp=0.0.0.0/0}]"

Output:

{
    "Return": true,
    "SecurityGroupRules": [
        {
            "SecurityGroupRuleId": "sgr-0de3811019069b787",
            "GroupId": "sg-1234567890abcdef0",
            "GroupOwnerId": "123456789012",
            "IsEgress": false,
            "IpProtocol": "icmp",
            "FromPort": 3,
            "ToPort": 4,
            "CidrIpv4": "0.0.0.0/0"
        }
    ]
}

Example 5: To add a rule for IPv6 traffic

The following authorize-security-group-ingress example uses the ip-permissions parameter to add an inbound rule that allows SSH access (port 22) from the IPv6 range 2001:db8:1234:1a00::/64.

aws ec2 authorize-security-group-ingress
--group-id sg-1234567890abcdef0 --ip-permissions IpProtocol=tcp,FromPort=22,ToPort=22,Ipv6Ranges="[{CidrIpv6=2001:db8:1234:1a00::/64}]"

Output:

{
    "Return": true,
    "SecurityGroupRules": [
        {
            "SecurityGroupRuleId": "sgr-0455bc68b60805563",
            "GroupId": "sg-1234567890abcdef0",
            "GroupOwnerId": "123456789012",
            "IsEgress": false,
            "IpProtocol": "tcp",
            "FromPort": 22,
            "ToPort": 22,
            "CidrIpv6": "2001:db8:1234:1a00::/64"
        }
    ]
}

Example 6: To add a rule for ICMPv6 traffic

The following authorize-security-group-ingress example uses the ip-permissions parameter to add an inbound rule that allows ICMPv6 traffic from anywhere.

aws ec2 authorize-security-group-ingress
--group-id sg-1234567890abcdef0 --ip-permissions IpProtocol=icmpv6,Ipv6Ranges="[{CidrIpv6=::/0}]"

Output:

{
    "Return": true,
    "SecurityGroupRules": [
        {
            "SecurityGroupRuleId": "sgr-04b612d9363ab6327",
            "GroupId": "sg-1234567890abcdef0",
            "GroupOwnerId": "123456789012",
            "IsEgress": false,
            "IpProtocol": "icmpv6",
            "FromPort": -1,
            "ToPort": -1,
            "CidrIpv6": "::/0"
        }
    ]
}

Example 7: Add a rule with a description

The following authorize-security-group-ingress example uses the ip-permissions parameter to add an inbound rule that allows RDP traffic from the specified IPv4 address range. The rule includes a description to help you identify it later.

aws ec2 authorize-security-group-ingress
--group-id sg-1234567890abcdef0 --ip-permissions IpProtocol=tcp,FromPort=3389,ToPort=3389,IpRanges="[{CidrIp=203.0.113.0/24,Description='RDP access from NY office'}]"

Output:

{
    "Return": true,
    "SecurityGroupRules": [
        {
            "SecurityGroupRuleId": "sgr-0397bbcc01e974db3",
            "GroupId": "sg-1234567890abcdef0",
            "GroupOwnerId": "123456789012",
            "IsEgress": false,
            "IpProtocol": "tcp",
            "FromPort": 3389,
            "ToPort": 3389,
            "CidrIpv4": "203.0.113.0/24",
            "Description": "RDP access from NY office"
        }
    ]
}

Example 8: To add an inbound rule that uses a prefix list

The following authorize-security-group-ingress example uses the ip-permissions parameter to add an inbound rule that allows all traffic for the CIDR ranges in the specified prefix list.

aws ec2 authorize-security-group-ingress
--group-id sg-04a351bfe432d4e71 --ip-permissions IpProtocol=all,PrefixListIds="[{PrefixListId=pl-002dc3ec097de1514}]"

Output:

{
    "Return": true,
    "SecurityGroupRules": [
        {
            "SecurityGroupRuleId": "sgr-09c74b32f677c6c7c",
            "GroupId": "sg-1234567890abcdef0",
            "GroupOwnerId": "123456789012",
            "IsEgress": false,
            "IpProtocol": "-1",
            "FromPort": -1,
            "ToPort": -1,
            "PrefixListId": "pl-0721453c7ac4ec009"
        }
    ]
}

For more information, see Security groups in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Output

Return -> (boolean)

Returns true if the request succeeds; otherwise, returns an error.

SecurityGroupRules -> (list)

Information about the inbound (ingress) security group rules that were added.

(structure)

Describes a security group rule.

SecurityGroupRuleId -> (string)

The ID of the security group rule.

GroupId -> (string)

The ID of the security group.

GroupOwnerId -> (string)

The ID of the Amazon Web Services account that owns the security group.

IsEgress -> (boolean)

Indicates whether the security group rule is an outbound rule.

IpProtocol -> (string)

The IP protocol name (tcp , udp , icmp , icmpv6 ) or number (see Protocol Numbers ).

Use -1 to specify all protocols.

FromPort -> (integer)

If the protocol is TCP or UDP, this is the start of the port range. If the protocol is ICMP or ICMPv6, this is the ICMP type or -1 (all ICMP types).

ToPort -> (integer)

If the protocol is TCP or UDP, this is the end of the port range. If the protocol is ICMP or ICMPv6, this is the ICMP code or -1 (all ICMP codes). If the start port is -1 (all ICMP types), then the end port must be -1 (all ICMP codes).

CidrIpv4 -> (string)

The IPv4 CIDR range.

CidrIpv6 -> (string)

The IPv6 CIDR range.

PrefixListId -> (string)

The ID of the prefix list.

ReferencedGroupInfo -> (structure)

Describes the security group that is referenced in the rule.

GroupId -> (string)

The ID of the security group.

PeeringStatus -> (string)

The status of a VPC peering connection, if applicable.

UserId -> (string)

The Amazon Web Services account ID.

VpcId -> (string)

The ID of the VPC.

VpcPeeringConnectionId -> (string)

The ID of the VPC peering connection (if applicable).

Description -> (string)

The security group rule description.

Tags -> (list)

The tags applied to the security group rule.

(structure)

Describes a tag.

Key -> (string)

The key of the tag.

Constraints: Tag keys are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 127 Unicode characters. May not begin with aws: .

Value -> (string)

The value of the tag.

Constraints: Tag values are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 256 Unicode characters.