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[ aws . opsworkscm ]

create-server

Description

Creates and immedately starts a new server. The server is ready to use when it is in the HEALTHY state. By default, you can create a maximum of 10 servers.

This operation is asynchronous.

A LimitExceededException is thrown when you have created the maximum number of servers (10). A ResourceAlreadyExistsException is thrown when a server with the same name already exists in the account. A ResourceNotFoundException is thrown when you specify a backup ID that is not valid or is for a backup that does not exist. A ValidationException is thrown when parameters of the request are not valid.

If you do not specify a security group by adding the SecurityGroupIds parameter, AWS OpsWorks creates a new security group.

Chef Automate: The default security group opens the Chef server to the world on TCP port 443. If a KeyName is present, AWS OpsWorks enables SSH access. SSH is also open to the world on TCP port 22.

Puppet Enterprise: The default security group opens TCP ports 22, 443, 4433, 8140, 8142, 8143, and 8170. If a KeyName is present, AWS OpsWorks enables SSH access. SSH is also open to the world on TCP port 22.

By default, your server is accessible from any IP address. We recommend that you update your security group rules to allow access from known IP addresses and address ranges only. To edit security group rules, open Security Groups in the navigation pane of the EC2 management console.

To specify your own domain for a server, and provide your own self-signed or CA-signed certificate and private key, specify values for CustomDomain , CustomCertificate , and CustomPrivateKey .

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Synopsis

  create-server
[--associate-public-ip-address | --no-associate-public-ip-address]
[--custom-domain <value>]
[--custom-certificate <value>]
[--custom-private-key <value>]
[--disable-automated-backup | --no-disable-automated-backup]
[--engine <value>]
[--engine-model <value>]
[--engine-version <value>]
[--engine-attributes <value>]
[--backup-retention-count <value>]
--server-name <value>
--instance-profile-arn <value>
--instance-type <value>
[--key-pair <value>]
[--preferred-maintenance-window <value>]
[--preferred-backup-window <value>]
[--security-group-ids <value>]
--service-role-arn <value>
[--subnet-ids <value>]
[--backup-id <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--associate-public-ip-address | --no-associate-public-ip-address (boolean)

Associate a public IP address with a server that you are launching. Valid values are true or false . The default value is true .

--custom-domain (string)

An optional public endpoint of a server, such as https://aws.my-company.com . To access the server, create a CNAME DNS record in your preferred DNS service that points the custom domain to the endpoint that is generated when the server is created (the value of the CreateServer Endpoint attribute). You cannot access the server by using the generated Endpoint value if the server is using a custom domain. If you specify a custom domain, you must also specify values for CustomCertificate and CustomPrivateKey .

--custom-certificate (string)

A PEM-formatted HTTPS certificate. The value can be be a single, self-signed certificate, or a certificate chain. If you specify a custom certificate, you must also specify values for CustomDomain and CustomPrivateKey . The following are requirements for the CustomCertificate value:

  • You can provide either a self-signed, custom certificate, or the full certificate chain.
  • The certificate must be a valid X509 certificate, or a certificate chain in PEM format.
  • The certificate must be valid at the time of upload. A certificate can't be used before its validity period begins (the certificate's NotBefore date), or after it expires (the certificate's NotAfter date).
  • The certificate’s common name or subject alternative names (SANs), if present, must match the value of CustomDomain .
  • The certificate must match the value of CustomPrivateKey .

--custom-private-key (string)

A private key in PEM format for connecting to the server by using HTTPS. The private key must not be encrypted; it cannot be protected by a password or passphrase. If you specify a custom private key, you must also specify values for CustomDomain and CustomCertificate .

--disable-automated-backup | --no-disable-automated-backup (boolean)

Enable or disable scheduled backups. Valid values are true or false . The default value is true .

--engine (string)

The configuration management engine to use. Valid values include ChefAutomate and Puppet .

--engine-model (string)

The engine model of the server. Valid values in this release include Monolithic for Puppet and Single for Chef.

--engine-version (string)

The major release version of the engine that you want to use. For a Chef server, the valid value for EngineVersion is currently 12 . For a Puppet server, the valid value is 2017 .

--engine-attributes (list)

Optional engine attributes on a specified server.

Attributes accepted in a Chef createServer request:
  • CHEF_AUTOMATE_PIVOTAL_KEY : A base64-encoded RSA public key. The corresponding private key is required to access the Chef API. When no CHEF_AUTOMATE_PIVOTAL_KEY is set, a private key is generated and returned in the response.
  • CHEF_AUTOMATE_ADMIN_PASSWORD : The password for the administrative user in the Chef Automate web-based dashboard. The password length is a minimum of eight characters, and a maximum of 32. The password can contain letters, numbers, and special characters (!/@#$%^+=_). The password must contain at least one lower case letter, one upper case letter, one number, and one special character. When no CHEF_AUTOMATE_ADMIN_PASSWORD is set, one is generated and returned in the response.
Attributes accepted in a Puppet createServer request:
  • PUPPET_ADMIN_PASSWORD : To work with the Puppet Enterprise console, a password must use ASCII characters.
  • PUPPET_R10K_REMOTE : The r10k remote is the URL of your control repository (for example, ssh://git@your.git-repo.com:user/control-repo.git). Specifying an r10k remote opens TCP port 8170.
  • PUPPET_R10K_PRIVATE_KEY : If you are using a private Git repository, add PUPPET_R10K_PRIVATE_KEY to specify a PEM-encoded private SSH key.

Shorthand Syntax:

Name=string,Value=string ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "Name": "string",
    "Value": "string"
  }
  ...
]

--backup-retention-count (integer)

The number of automated backups that you want to keep. Whenever a new backup is created, AWS OpsWorks CM deletes the oldest backups if this number is exceeded. The default value is 1 .

--server-name (string)

The name of the server. The server name must be unique within your AWS account, within each region. Server names must start with a letter; then letters, numbers, or hyphens (-) are allowed, up to a maximum of 40 characters.

--instance-profile-arn (string)

The ARN of the instance profile that your Amazon EC2 instances use. Although the AWS OpsWorks console typically creates the instance profile for you, if you are using API commands instead, run the service-role-creation.yaml AWS CloudFormation template, located at https://s3.amazonaws.com/opsworks-cm-us-east-1-prod-default-assets/misc/opsworks-cm-roles.yaml. This template creates a CloudFormation stack that includes the instance profile you need.

--instance-type (string)

The Amazon EC2 instance type to use. For example, m5.large .

--key-pair (string)

The Amazon EC2 key pair to set for the instance. This parameter is optional; if desired, you may specify this parameter to connect to your instances by using SSH.

--preferred-maintenance-window (string)

The start time for a one-hour period each week during which AWS OpsWorks CM performs maintenance on the instance. Valid values must be specified in the following format: DDD:HH:MM . The specified time is in coordinated universal time (UTC). The default value is a random one-hour period on Tuesday, Wednesday, or Friday. See TimeWindowDefinition for more information.

Example: Mon:08:00 , which represents a start time of every Monday at 08:00 UTC. (8:00 a.m.)

--preferred-backup-window (string)

The start time for a one-hour period during which AWS OpsWorks CM backs up application-level data on your server if automated backups are enabled. Valid values must be specified in one of the following formats:

  • HH:MM for daily backups
  • DDD:HH:MM for weekly backups

The specified time is in coordinated universal time (UTC). The default value is a random, daily start time.

Example: 08:00 , which represents a daily start time of 08:00 UTC.

Example: Mon:08:00 , which represents a start time of every Monday at 08:00 UTC. (8:00 a.m.)

--security-group-ids (list)

A list of security group IDs to attach to the Amazon EC2 instance. If you add this parameter, the specified security groups must be within the VPC that is specified by SubnetIds .

If you do not specify this parameter, AWS OpsWorks CM creates one new security group that uses TCP ports 22 and 443, open to 0.0.0.0/0 (everyone).

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--service-role-arn (string)

The service role that the AWS OpsWorks CM service backend uses to work with your account. Although the AWS OpsWorks management console typically creates the service role for you, if you are using the AWS CLI or API commands, run the service-role-creation.yaml AWS CloudFormation template, located at https://s3.amazonaws.com/opsworks-cm-us-east-1-prod-default-assets/misc/opsworks-cm-roles.yaml. This template creates a CloudFormation stack that includes the service role and instance profile that you need.

--subnet-ids (list)

The IDs of subnets in which to launch the server EC2 instance.

Amazon EC2-Classic customers: This field is required. All servers must run within a VPC. The VPC must have "Auto Assign Public IP" enabled.

EC2-VPC customers: This field is optional. If you do not specify subnet IDs, your EC2 instances are created in a default subnet that is selected by Amazon EC2. If you specify subnet IDs, the VPC must have "Auto Assign Public IP" enabled.

For more information about supported Amazon EC2 platforms, see Supported Platforms .

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--backup-id (string)

If you specify this field, AWS OpsWorks CM creates the server by using the backup represented by BackupId.

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Examples

To create a server

The following create-server example creates a new Chef Automate server named automate-06 in your default region. Note that defaults are used for most other settings, such as number of backups to retain, and maintenance and backup start times. Before you run a create-server command, complete prerequisites in Getting Started with AWS OpsWorks for Chef Automate in the AWS Opsworks for Chef Automate User Guide.

aws opsworks-cm create-server \
    --engine "Chef" \
    --engine-model "Single" \
    --engine-version "12" \
    --server-name "automate-06" \
    --instance-profile-arn "arn:aws:iam::1019881987024:instance-profile/aws-opsworks-cm-ec2-role" \
    --instance-type "t2.medium" \
    --key-pair "amazon-test" \
    --service-role-arn "arn:aws:iam::044726508045:role/aws-opsworks-cm-service-role"

The output shows you information similar to the following about the new server:

{
    "Server": {
        "BackupRetentionCount": 10,
        "CreatedAt": 2016-07-29T13:38:47.520Z,
        "DisableAutomatedBackup": FALSE,
        "Endpoint": "https://opsworks-cm.us-east-1.amazonaws.com",
        "Engine": "Chef",
        "EngineAttributes": [
            {
                "Name": "CHEF_DELIVERY_ADMIN_PASSWORD",
                "Value": "1Password1"
            }
        ],
        "EngineModel": "Single",
        "EngineVersion": "12",
        "InstanceProfileArn": "arn:aws:iam::1019881987024:instance-profile/aws-opsworks-cm-ec2-role",
        "InstanceType": "t2.medium",
        "KeyPair": "amazon-test",
        "MaintenanceStatus": "",
        "PreferredBackupWindow": "Sun:02:00",
        "PreferredMaintenanceWindow": "00:00",
        "SecurityGroupIds": [ "sg-1a24c270" ],
        "ServerArn": "arn:aws:iam::1019881987024:instance/automate-06-1010V4UU2WRM2",
        "ServerName": "automate-06",
        "ServiceRoleArn": "arn:aws:iam::1019881987024:role/aws-opsworks-cm-service-role",
        "Status": "CREATING",
        "StatusReason": "",
        "SubnetIds": [ "subnet-49436a18" ]
    }
}

For more information, see UpdateServer in the AWS OpsWorks for Chef Automate API Reference.

Output

Server -> (structure)

The server that is created by the request.

AssociatePublicIpAddress -> (boolean)

Associate a public IP address with a server that you are launching.

BackupRetentionCount -> (integer)

The number of automated backups to keep.

ServerName -> (string)

The name of the server.

CreatedAt -> (timestamp)

Time stamp of server creation. Example 2016-07-29T13:38:47.520Z

CloudFormationStackArn -> (string)

The ARN of the CloudFormation stack that was used to create the server.

CustomDomain -> (string)

An optional public endpoint of a server, such as https://aws.my-company.com . You cannot access the server by using the Endpoint value if the server has a CustomDomain specified.

DisableAutomatedBackup -> (boolean)

Disables automated backups. The number of stored backups is dependent on the value of PreferredBackupCount.

Endpoint -> (string)

A DNS name that can be used to access the engine. Example: myserver-asdfghjkl.us-east-1.opsworks.io . You cannot access the server by using the Endpoint value if the server has a CustomDomain specified.

Engine -> (string)

The engine type of the server. Valid values in this release include ChefAutomate and Puppet .

EngineModel -> (string)

The engine model of the server. Valid values in this release include Monolithic for Puppet and Single for Chef.

EngineAttributes -> (list)

The response of a createServer() request returns the master credential to access the server in EngineAttributes. These credentials are not stored by AWS OpsWorks CM; they are returned only as part of the result of createServer().

Attributes returned in a createServer response for Chef
  • CHEF_AUTOMATE_PIVOTAL_KEY : A base64-encoded RSA private key that is generated by AWS OpsWorks for Chef Automate. This private key is required to access the Chef API.
  • CHEF_STARTER_KIT : A base64-encoded ZIP file. The ZIP file contains a Chef starter kit, which includes a README, a configuration file, and the required RSA private key. Save this file, unzip it, and then change to the directory where you've unzipped the file contents. From this directory, you can run Knife commands.
Attributes returned in a createServer response for Puppet
  • PUPPET_STARTER_KIT : A base64-encoded ZIP file. The ZIP file contains a Puppet starter kit, including a README and a required private key. Save this file, unzip it, and then change to the directory where you've unzipped the file contents.
  • PUPPET_ADMIN_PASSWORD : An administrator password that you can use to sign in to the Puppet Enterprise console after the server is online.

(structure)

A name and value pair that is specific to the engine of the server.

Name -> (string)

The name of the engine attribute.

Value -> (string)

The value of the engine attribute.

EngineVersion -> (string)

The engine version of the server. For a Chef server, the valid value for EngineVersion is currently 12 . For a Puppet server, the valid value is 2017 .

InstanceProfileArn -> (string)

The instance profile ARN of the server.

InstanceType -> (string)

The instance type for the server, as specified in the CloudFormation stack. This might not be the same instance type that is shown in the EC2 console.

KeyPair -> (string)

The key pair associated with the server.

MaintenanceStatus -> (string)

The status of the most recent server maintenance run. Shows SUCCESS or FAILED .

PreferredMaintenanceWindow -> (string)

The preferred maintenance period specified for the server.

PreferredBackupWindow -> (string)

The preferred backup period specified for the server.

SecurityGroupIds -> (list)

The security group IDs for the server, as specified in the CloudFormation stack. These might not be the same security groups that are shown in the EC2 console.

(string)

ServiceRoleArn -> (string)

The service role ARN used to create the server.

Status -> (string)

The server's status. This field displays the states of actions in progress, such as creating, running, or backing up the server, as well as the server's health state.

StatusReason -> (string)

Depending on the server status, this field has either a human-readable message (such as a create or backup error), or an escaped block of JSON (used for health check results).

SubnetIds -> (list)

The subnet IDs specified in a CreateServer request.

(string)

ServerArn -> (string)

The ARN of the server.