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[ aws . opsworks ]

create-instance

Description

Creates an instance in a specified stack. For more information, see Adding an Instance to a Layer .

Required Permissions : To use this action, an IAM user must have a Manage permissions level for the stack, or an attached policy that explicitly grants permissions. For more information on user permissions, see Managing User Permissions .

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Synopsis

  create-instance
--stack-id <value>
--layer-ids <value>
--instance-type <value>
[--auto-scaling-type <value>]
[--hostname <value>]
[--os <value>]
[--ami-id <value>]
[--ssh-key-name <value>]
[--availability-zone <value>]
[--virtualization-type <value>]
[--subnet-id <value>]
[--architecture <value>]
[--root-device-type <value>]
[--block-device-mappings <value>]
[--install-updates-on-boot | --no-install-updates-on-boot]
[--ebs-optimized | --no-ebs-optimized]
[--agent-version <value>]
[--tenancy <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--stack-id (string)

The stack ID.

--layer-ids (list)

An array that contains the instance's layer IDs.

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--instance-type (string)

The instance type, such as t2.micro . For a list of supported instance types, open the stack in the console, choose Instances , and choose + Instance . The Size list contains the currently supported types. For more information, see Instance Families and Types . The parameter values that you use to specify the various types are in the API Name column of the Available Instance Types table.

--auto-scaling-type (string)

For load-based or time-based instances, the type. Windows stacks can use only time-based instances.

Possible values:

  • load
  • timer

--hostname (string)

The instance host name.

--os (string)

The instance's operating system, which must be set to one of the following.

  • A supported Linux operating system: An Amazon Linux version, such as Amazon Linux 2017.09 , Amazon Linux 2017.03 , Amazon Linux 2016.09 , Amazon Linux 2016.03 , Amazon Linux 2015.09 , or Amazon Linux 2015.03 .
  • A supported Ubuntu operating system, such as Ubuntu 16.04 LTS , Ubuntu 14.04 LTS , or Ubuntu 12.04 LTS .
  • CentOS Linux 7
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7
  • A supported Windows operating system, such as Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2 Base , Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2 with SQL Server Express , Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2 with SQL Server Standard , or Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2 with SQL Server Web .
  • A custom AMI: Custom .

For more information about the supported operating systems, see AWS OpsWorks Stacks Operating Systems .

The default option is the current Amazon Linux version. If you set this parameter to Custom , you must use the create-instance action's AmiId parameter to specify the custom AMI that you want to use. Block device mappings are not supported if the value is Custom . For more information about supported operating systems, see Operating Systems For more information about how to use custom AMIs with AWS OpsWorks Stacks, see Using Custom AMIs .

--ami-id (string)

A custom AMI ID to be used to create the instance. The AMI should be based on one of the supported operating systems. For more information, see Using Custom AMIs .

Note

If you specify a custom AMI, you must set Os to Custom .

--ssh-key-name (string)

The instance's Amazon EC2 key-pair name.

--availability-zone (string)

The instance Availability Zone. For more information, see Regions and Endpoints .

--virtualization-type (string)

The instance's virtualization type, paravirtual or hvm .

--subnet-id (string)

The ID of the instance's subnet. If the stack is running in a VPC, you can use this parameter to override the stack's default subnet ID value and direct AWS OpsWorks Stacks to launch the instance in a different subnet.

--architecture (string)

The instance architecture. The default option is x86_64 . Instance types do not necessarily support both architectures. For a list of the architectures that are supported by the different instance types, see Instance Families and Types .

Possible values:

  • x86_64
  • i386

--root-device-type (string)

The instance root device type. For more information, see Storage for the Root Device .

Possible values:

  • ebs
  • instance-store

--block-device-mappings (list)

An array of BlockDeviceMapping objects that specify the instance's block devices. For more information, see Block Device Mapping . Note that block device mappings are not supported for custom AMIs.

Shorthand Syntax:

DeviceName=string,NoDevice=string,VirtualName=string,Ebs={SnapshotId=string,Iops=integer,VolumeSize=integer,VolumeType=string,DeleteOnTermination=boolean} ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "DeviceName": "string",
    "NoDevice": "string",
    "VirtualName": "string",
    "Ebs": {
      "SnapshotId": "string",
      "Iops": integer,
      "VolumeSize": integer,
      "VolumeType": "gp2"|"io1"|"standard",
      "DeleteOnTermination": true|false
    }
  }
  ...
]

--install-updates-on-boot | --no-install-updates-on-boot (boolean)

Whether to install operating system and package updates when the instance boots. The default value is true . To control when updates are installed, set this value to false . You must then update your instances manually by using create-deployment to run the update_dependencies stack command or by manually running yum (Amazon Linux) or apt-get (Ubuntu) on the instances.

Note

We strongly recommend using the default value of true to ensure that your instances have the latest security updates.

--ebs-optimized | --no-ebs-optimized (boolean)

Whether to create an Amazon EBS-optimized instance.

--agent-version (string)

The default AWS OpsWorks Stacks agent version. You have the following options:

  • INHERIT - Use the stack's default agent version setting.
  • version_number - Use the specified agent version. This value overrides the stack's default setting. To update the agent version, edit the instance configuration and specify a new version. AWS OpsWorks Stacks then automatically installs that version on the instance.

The default setting is INHERIT . To specify an agent version, you must use the complete version number, not the abbreviated number shown on the console. For a list of available agent version numbers, call describe-agent-versions . AgentVersion cannot be set to Chef 12.2.

--tenancy (string)

The instance's tenancy option. The default option is no tenancy, or if the instance is running in a VPC, inherit tenancy settings from the VPC. The following are valid values for this parameter: dedicated , default , or host . Because there are costs associated with changes in tenancy options, we recommend that you research tenancy options before choosing them for your instances. For more information about dedicated hosts, see Dedicated Hosts Overview and Amazon EC2 Dedicated Hosts . For more information about dedicated instances, see Dedicated Instances and Amazon EC2 Dedicated Instances .

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Examples

To create an instance

The following create-instance command creates an m1.large Amazon Linux instance named myinstance1 in a specified stack. The instance is assigned to one layer.

aws opsworks --region us-east-1 create-instance --stack-id 935450cc-61e0-4b03-a3e0-160ac817d2bb --layer-ids 5c8c272a-f2d5-42e3-8245-5bf3927cb65b --hostname myinstance1 --instance-type m1.large --os "Amazon Linux"

To use an autogenerated name, call get-hostname-suggestion, which generates a hostname based on the theme that you specified when you created the stack. Then pass that name to the hostname argument.

Output:

{
  "InstanceId": "5f9adeaa-c94c-42c6-aeef-28a5376002cd"
}

More Information

For more information, see Adding an Instance to a Layer in the AWS OpsWorks User Guide.

Output

InstanceId -> (string)

The instance ID.