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genSymKey

The genSymKey command in the key_mgmt_util tool generates a symmetric key in your HSMs. You can specify the key type and size, assign an ID and label, and share the key with other HSM users. You can also create nonextractable keys and keys that expire when the session ends. When the command succeeds, it returns a key handle that the HSM assigns to the key. You can use the key handle to identify the key to other commands.

Before you run any key_mgmt_util command, you must start key_mgmt_util and login to the HSM as a crypto user (CU).

Tip

To find the attributes of a key that you have created, such as the type, length, label, and ID, use getAttribute. To find the keys for a particular user, use getKeyInfo. To find keys based on their attribute values, use findKey.

Syntax

genSymKey -h genSymKey -t <key-type> -s <key-size> -l <label> [-id <key-ID>] [-min_srv <minimum-number-of-servers>] [-m_value <0..8>] [-nex] [-sess] [-timeout <number-of-seconds> ] [-u <user-ids>] [-attest]

Examples

These examples show how to use genSymKey to create symmetric keys in your HSMs.

Example : Generate an AES Key

This command creates a 256-bit AES key with an aes256 label. The output shows that the key handle of the new key is 6.

Command: genSymKey -t 31 -s 32 -l aes256 Cfm3GenerateSymmetricKey returned: 0x00 : HSM Return: SUCCESS Symmetric Key Created. Key Handle: 6 Cluster Error Status Node id 0 and err state 0x00000000 : HSM Return: SUCCESS

Example : Create a Session Key

This command creates a nonextractable 192-bit AES key that is valid only in the current session. You might want to create a key like this to wrap (and then immediately unwrap) a key that is being exported.

Command: genSymKey -t 31 -s 24 -l tmpAES -id wrap01 -nex -sess

Example : Return Quickly

This command creates a generic 512-byte key with a label of IT_test_key. The command does not wait for the key to be synchronized to all HSMs in the cluster. Instead, it returns as soon as the key is created on any one HSM (-min_srv 1) or in 1 second (-timeout 1), whichever is shorter. If the key is not synchronized to the specified minimum number of HSMs before the timeout expires, it is not generated. You might want to use a command like this in a script that creates numerous keys, like the for loop in the following example.

Command: genSymKey -t 16 -s 512 -l IT_test_key -min_srv 1 -timeout 1 $ for i in {1..30}; do /opt/cloudhsm/bin/key_mgmt_util Cfm3Util singlecmd loginHSM -u CU -s example_user -p example_pwd genSymKey -l aes -t 31 -s 32 -min_srv 1 -timeout 1; done;

Example : Create a Quorum Authorized Generic Key

This command creates a 2048-bit generic secret key with the label generic-mV2. The command uses the -u parameter to share the key with another CU, user 6. It uses the -m_value parameter to require a quorum of at least two approvals for any cryptographic operations that use the key. The command also uses the -attest parameter to verify the integrity of the firmware on which the key is generated.

The output shows that the command generated a key with key handle 9 and that the attestation check on the cluster firmware passed.

Command: genSymKey -t 16 -s 2048 -l generic-mV2 -m_value 2 -u 6 -attest Cfm3GenerateSymmetricKey returned: 0x00 : HSM Return: SUCCESS Symmetric Key Created. Key Handle: 9 Attestation Check : [PASS] Cluster Error Status Node id 1 and err state 0x00000000 : HSM Return: SUCCESS Node id 0 and err state 0x00000000 : HSM Return: SUCCESS

Example : Create and Examine a Key

This command creates a Triple DES key with a 3DES_shared label and an ID of IT-02. The key can be used by the current user, and users 4 and 5. The command fails if the ID is not unique in the cluster or if the current user is user 4 or 5.

The output shows that the new key has key handle 7.

Command: genSymKey -t 21 -s 24 -l 3DES_shared -id IT-02 -u 4,5 Cfm3GenerateSymmetricKey returned: 0x00 : HSM Return: SUCCESS Symmetric Key Created. Key Handle: 7 Cluster Error Status Node id 0 and err state 0x00000000 : HSM Return: SUCCESS

To verify that the new 3DES key is owned by the current user and shared with users 4 and 5, use getKeyInfo. The command uses the handle that was assigned to the new key (Key Handle: 7).

The output confirms that the key is owned by user 3 and shared with users 4 and 5.

Command: getKeyInfo -k 7 Cfm3GetKey returned: 0x00 : HSM Return: SUCCESS Owned by user 3 also, shared to following 2 user(s): 4, 5

To confirm the other properties of the key, use getAttribute. The first command uses getAttribute to get all attributes (-a 512) of key handle 7 (-o 7). It writes them to the attr_7 file. The second command uses cat to get the contents of the attr_7 file.

This command confirms that key 7 is a 192-bit (OBJ_ATTR_VALUE_LEN 0x00000018 or 24-byte) 3DES (OBJ_ATTR_KEY_TYPE 0x15) symmetric key (OBJ_ATTR_CLASS 0x04) with a label of 3DES_shared (OBJ_ATTR_LABEL 3DES_shared) and an ID of IT_02 (OBJ_ATTR_ID IT-02). The key is persistent (OBJ_ATTR_TOKEN 0x01) and extractable (OBJ_ATTR_EXTRACTABLE 0x01) and can be used for encryption, decryption, and wrapping.

For help interpreting the key attributes, see the Key Attribute Reference.

Command: getAttribute -o 7 -a 512 -attr_7 got all attributes of size 444 attr cnt 17 Attributes dumped into attr_7 file Cfm3GetAttribute returned: 0x00 : HSM Return: SUCCESS $ cat attr_7 OBJ_ATTR_CLASS 0x04 OBJ_ATTR_KEY_TYPE 0x15 OBJ_ATTR_TOKEN 0x01 OBJ_ATTR_PRIVATE 0x01 OBJ_ATTR_ENCRYPT 0x01 OBJ_ATTR_DECRYPT 0x01 OBJ_ATTR_WRAP 0x00 OBJ_ATTR_UNWRAP 0x00 OBJ_ATTR_SIGN 0x00 OBJ_ATTR_VERIFY 0x00 OBJ_ATTR_LOCAL 0x01 OBJ_ATTR_SENSITIVE 0x01 OBJ_ATTR_EXTRACTABLE 0x01 OBJ_ATTR_LABEL 3DES_shared OBJ_ATTR_ID IT-02 OBJ_ATTR_VALUE_LEN 0x00000018 OBJ_ATTR_KCV 0x59a46e

Parameters

-h

Displays help for the command.

Required: Yes

-t

Specifies the type of the symmetric key. Enter the constant that represents the key type. For example, to create an AES key, type -t 31.

Valid values:

  • 16: GENERIC_SECRET. A generic secret key is a byte array that does not conform to any particular standard, such as the requirements for an AES key.

  • 18: RC4. RC4 keys are not valid on FIPS-mode HSMs

  • 21: Triple DES (3DES).

  • 31: AES

Required: Yes

-s

Specifies the key size in bytes. For example, to create a 192-bit key, type 24.

Valid values for each key type:

  • AES: 16 (128 bits), 24 (192 bits), 32 (256 bits)

  • 3DES: 24 (192 bits)

  • RC4: <256 (2048 bits)

  • Generic Secret: <3584 (28672 bits)

Required: Yes

-l

Specifies a user-defined label for the key. Type a string.

You can use any phrase that helps you to identify the key. Because the label does not have to be unique, you can use it to group and categorize keys.

Required: Yes

-attest

Runs an integrity check that verifies that the firmware on which the cluster runs has not been tampered with.

Default: No attestation check.

Required: No

-id

Specifies a user-defined identifier for the key. Type a string that is unique in the cluster. The default is an empty string.

Default: No ID value.

Required: No

-min_srv

Specifies the minimum number of HSMs on which the key is synchronized before the value of the -timeout parameter expires. If the key is not synchronized to the specified number of servers in the time allotted, it is not created.

AWS CloudHSM automatically synchronizes every key to every HSM in the cluster. To speed up your process, set the value of min_srv to less than the number of HSMs in the cluster and set a low timeout value. Note, however, that some requests might not generate a key.

Default: 1

Required: No

-m_value

Specifies the number of users who must approve any cryptographic operation that uses the key. Type a value from 0 to 8.

This parameter establishes a quorum authentication requirement for the key. The default value, 0, disables the quorum authentication feature for the key. When quorum authentication is enabled, the specified number of users must sign a token to approve cryptographic operations that use the key, and operations that share or unshare the key.

To find the m_value of a key, use getKeyInfo.

This parameter is valid only when the -u parameter in the command shares the key with enough users to satisfy the m_value requirement.

Default: 0

Required: No

-nex

Makes the key nonextractable. The key that is generated cannot be exported from the HSM.

Default: The key is extractable.

Required: No

-sess

Creates a key that exists only in the current session. The key cannot be recovered after the session ends.

Use this parameter when you need a key only briefly, such as a wrapping key that encrypts, and then quickly decrypts, another key. Do not use a session key to encrypt data that you might need to decrypt after the session ends.

To change a session key to a persistent (token) key, use setAttribute.

Default: The key is persistent.

Required: No

-timeout

Specifies how long (in seconds) the command waits for a key to be synchronized to the number of HSMs specified by the min_srv parameter.

This parameter is valid only when the min_srv parameter is also used in the command.

Default: No timeout. The command waits indefinitely and returns only when the key is synchronized to the minimum number of servers.

Required: No

-u

Shares the key with the specified users. This parameter gives other HSM crypto users (CUs) permission to use this key in cryptographic operations.

Type a comma-separated list of HSM user IDs, such as -u 5,6. Do not include the HSM user ID of the current user. To find HSM user IDs of CUs on the HSM, use listUsers. To share and unshare existing keys, use shareKey.

Default: Only the current user can use the key.

Required: No

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