Post authentication Lambda trigger - Amazon Cognito

Post authentication Lambda trigger

Because Amazon Cognito invokes this trigger after signing in a user, you can add custom logic after Amazon Cognito authenticates the user.

Post authentication Lambda flows

Client authentication flow


                    Post authentication Lambda trigger - client flow

Server authentication flow


                    Post authentication Lambda trigger - server flow

For more information, see User pool authentication flow.

Post authentication Lambda trigger parameters

These are the parameters that Amazon Cognito passes to this Lambda function along with the event information in the common parameters.

JSON
{ "request": { "userAttributes": { "string": "string", . . . }, "newDeviceUsed": boolean, "clientMetadata": { "string": "string", . . . } }, "response": {} }

Post authentication request parameters

newDeviceUsed

This flag indicates if the user has signed in on a new device. Amazon Cognito only sets this flag if the remembered devices value of the user pool is Always or User Opt-In.

userAttributes

One or more name-value pairs representing user attributes.

clientMetadata

One or more key-value pairs that you can provide as custom input to the Lambda function that you specify for the post authentication trigger. To pass this data to your Lambda function, you can use the ClientMetadata parameter in the AdminRespondToAuthChallenge and RespondToAuthChallenge API actions. Amazon Cognito doesn't include data from the ClientMetadata parameter in AdminInitiateAuth and InitiateAuth API operations in the request that it passes to the post authentication function.

Post authentication response parameters

Amazon Cognito doesn't expect any additional return information in the response. Your function can use API operations to query and modify your resources, or record event metadata to an external system.

Authentication tutorials

Immediately after Amazon Cognito signs in a user, it activates the post authentication Lambda function. See these sign-in tutorials for JavaScript, Android, and iOS.

Platform Tutorial
JavaScript Identity SDK Sign in users with JavaScript
Android Identity SDK Sign in users with Android
iOS Identity SDK Sign in users with iOS

Post authentication example

This post authentication sample Lambda function sends data from a successful sign-in to CloudWatch Logs.

Node.js
exports.handler = (event, context, callback) => { // Send post authentication data to Cloudwatch logs console.log ("Authentication successful"); console.log ("Trigger function =", event.triggerSource); console.log ("User pool = ", event.userPoolId); console.log ("App client ID = ", event.callerContext.clientId); console.log ("User ID = ", event.userName); // Return to Amazon Cognito callback(null, event); };
Python
from __future__ import print_function def lambda_handler(event, context): # Send post authentication data to Cloudwatch logs print ("Authentication successful") print ("Trigger function =", event['triggerSource']) print ("User pool = ", event['userPoolId']) print ("App client ID = ", event['callerContext']['clientId']) print ("User ID = ", event['userName']) # Return to Amazon Cognito return event

Amazon Cognito passes event information to your Lambda function. The function then returns the same event object to Amazon Cognito, with any changes in the response. In the Lambda console, you can set up a test event with data that is relevant to your Lambda trigger. The following is a test event for this code sample:

JSON
{ "triggerSource": "testTrigger", "userPoolId": "testPool", "userName": "testName", "callerContext": { "clientId": "12345" }, "response": {} }