AWS Data Pipeline
Developer Guide (API Version 2012-10-29)


Runs an EMR cluster.

AWS Data Pipeline uses a different format for steps than Amazon EMR; for example, AWS Data Pipeline uses comma-separated arguments after the JAR name in the EmrActivity step field. The following example shows a step formatted for Amazon EMR, followed by its AWS Data Pipeline equivalent:

s3://example-bucket/MyWork.jar arg1 arg2 arg3


The following is an example of this object type. This object references three other objects that you would define in the same pipeline definition file. MyEmrCluster is an EmrCluster object and MyS3Input and MyS3Output are S3DataNode objects.


In this example, you can replace the step field with your desired cluster string, which could be a Pig script, Hadoop streaming cluster, your own custom JAR including its parameters, or so on.

Hadoop 1.x (AMI 2.x)

{ "id" : "MyEmrActivity", "type" : "EmrActivity", "runsOn" : { "ref" : "MyEmrCluster" }, "preStepCommand" : "scp remoteFiles localFiles", "step" : ["s3://mybucket/myPath/myStep.jar,firstArg,secondArg","s3://mybucket/myPath/myOtherStep.jar,anotherArg"], "postStepCommand" : "scp localFiles remoteFiles", "input" : { "ref" : "MyS3Input" }, "output" : { "ref" : "MyS3Output" } }

Hadoop 2.x (AMI 3.x)

{ "id" : "MyEmrActivity", "type" : "EmrActivity", "runsOn" : { "ref" : "MyEmrCluster" }, "preStepCommand" : "scp remoteFiles localFiles", "step" : ["s3://mybucket/myPath/myStep.jar,firstArg,secondArg,-files,s3://mybucket/myPath/,-input,s3://myinputbucket/path,-output,s3://myoutputbucket/path,-mapper,,-reducer,reducerName","s3://mybucket/myPath/myotherStep.jar,..."], "postStepCommand" : "scp localFiles remoteFiles", "input" : { "ref" : "MyS3Input" }, "output" : { "ref" : "MyS3Output" } }


To pass arguments to an application in a step, you may need to escape the arguments that you pass. For example, if you use script-runner.jar to run a shell script and want to pass arguments to the script, you must escape the commas that separate them. The following step slot illustrates how to do this:

"step" : "s3://elasticmapreduce/libs/script-runner/script-runner.jar,s3://datapipeline/,a\\\\,b\\\\,c"

This step uses script-runner.jar to run the shell script and passes a, b, and c as a single argument to the script. The first escape character is removed from the resultant argument so you may need to escape again. For example, if you had File\.gz as an argument in JSON, you could escape it using File\\\\.gz. However, because the first escape is discarded, you must use File\\\\\\\\.gz .


Object Invocation Fields Description Slot Type
schedule This object is invoked within the execution of a schedule interval. Users must specify a schedule reference to another object to set the dependency execution order for this object. Users can satisfy this requirement by explicitly setting a schedule on the object, for example, by specifying "schedule": {"ref": "DefaultSchedule"}. In most cases, it is better to put the schedule reference on the default pipeline object so that all objects inherit that schedule. Or, if the pipeline has a tree of schedules (schedules within the master schedule), users can create a parent object that has a schedule reference. For more information about example optional schedule configurations, see Reference Object, e.g. "schedule":{"ref":"myScheduleId"}

Required Group (One of the following is required) Description Slot Type
runsOn EMR Cluster on which this job will run. Reference Object, e.g. "runsOn":{"ref":"myEmrClusterId"}
workerGroup The worker group. This is used for routing tasks. If you provide a runsOn value and workerGroup exists, workerGroup is ignored. String

Optional Fields Description Slot Type
attemptStatus Most recently reported status from the remote activity. String
attemptTimeout Timeout for remote work completion. If set then a remote activity that does not complete within the set time of starting may be retried. Period
dependsOn Specify dependency on another runnable object. Reference Object, e.g. "dependsOn":{"ref":"myActivityId"}
failureAndRerunMode Describes consumer node behavior when dependencies fail or are rerun Enumeration
input Location of the input data. Reference Object, e.g. "input":{"ref":"myDataNodeId"}
lateAfterTimeout The elapsed time after pipeline start within which the object must start. It is triggered only when the schedule type is not set to ondemand. Period
maxActiveInstances The maximum number of concurrent active instances of a component. Re-runs do not count toward the number of active instances. Integer
maximumRetries Maximum number attempt retries on failure Integer
onFail An action to run when current object fails. Reference Object, e.g. "onFail":{"ref":"myActionId"}
onLateAction Actions that should be triggered if an object has not yet been scheduled or still not completed. Reference Object, e.g. "onLateAction":{"ref":"myActionId"}
onSuccess An action to run when current object succeeds. Reference Object, e.g. "onSuccess":{"ref":"myActionId"}
output Location of the output data. Reference Object, e.g. "output":{"ref":"myDataNodeId"}
parent Parent of the current object from which slots will be inherited. Reference Object, e.g. "parent":{"ref":"myBaseObjectId"}
pipelineLogUri The S3 URI (such as 's3://BucketName/Key/') for uploading logs for the pipeline. String
postStepCommand Shell scripts to be run after all steps are finished. To specify multiple scripts, up to 255, add multiple postStepCommand fields. String
precondition Optionally define a precondition. A data node is not marked "READY" until all preconditions have been met. Reference Object, e.g. "precondition":{"ref":"myPreconditionId"}
preStepCommand Shell scripts to be run before any steps are run. To specify multiple scripts, up to 255, add multiple preStepCommand fields. String
reportProgressTimeout Timeout for remote work successive calls to reportProgress. If set, then remote activities that do not report progress for the specified period may be considered stalled and so retried. Period

Resize the cluster before performing this activity to accommodate DynamoDB tables specified as inputs or outputs.


If your EmrActivity uses a DynamoDBDataNode as either an input or output data node, and if you set the resizeClusterBeforeRunning to TRUE, AWS Data Pipeline starts using m3.xlarge instance types. This overwrites your instance type choices with m3.xlarge, which could increase your monthly costs.

resizeClusterMaxInstances A limit on the maximum number of instances that can be requested by the resize algorithm. Integer
retryDelay The timeout duration between two retry attempts. Period
scheduleType Schedule type allows you to specify whether the objects in your pipeline definition should be scheduled at the beginning of interval or end of the interval. Time Series Style Scheduling means instances are scheduled at the end of each interval and Cron Style Scheduling means instances are scheduled at the beginning of each interval. An on-demand schedule allows you to run a pipeline one time per activation. This means you do not have to clone or re-create the pipeline to run it again. If you use an on-demand schedule it must be specified in the default object and must be the only scheduleType specified for objects in the pipeline. To use on-demand pipelines, you simply call the ActivatePipeline operation for each subsequent run. Values are: cron, ondemand, and timeseries. Enumeration
step One or more steps for the cluster to run. To specify multiple steps, up to 255, add multiple step fields. Use comma-separated arguments after the JAR name; for example, "s3://example-bucket/MyWork.jar,arg1,arg2,arg3". String

Runtime Fields Description Slot Type
@activeInstances List of the currently scheduled active instance objects. Reference Object, e.g. "activeInstances":{"ref":"myRunnableObjectId"}
@actualEndTime Time when the execution of this object finished. DateTime
@actualStartTime Time when the execution of this object started. DateTime
cancellationReason The cancellationReason if this object was cancelled. String
@cascadeFailedOn Description of the dependency chain the object failed on. Reference Object, e.g. "cascadeFailedOn":{"ref":"myRunnableObjectId"}
emrStepLog Amazon EMR step logs available only on EMR activity attempts String
errorId The errorId if this object failed. String
errorMessage The errorMessage if this object failed. String
errorStackTrace The error stack trace if this object failed. String
@finishedTime The time at which this object finished its execution. DateTime
hadoopJobLog Hadoop job logs available on attempts for EMR-based activities. String
@healthStatus The health status of the object which reflects success or failure of the last object instance that reached a terminated state. String
@healthStatusFromInstanceId Id of the last instance object that reached a terminated state. String
@healthStatusUpdatedTime Time at which the health status was updated last time. DateTime
hostname The host name of client that picked up the task attempt. String
@lastDeactivatedTime The time at which this object was last deactivated. DateTime
@latestCompletedRunTime Time the latest run for which the execution completed. DateTime
@latestRunTime Time the latest run for which the execution was scheduled. DateTime
@nextRunTime Time of run to be scheduled next. DateTime
reportProgressTime Most recent time that remote activity reported progress. DateTime
@scheduledEndTime Schedule end time for object. DateTime
@scheduledStartTime Schedule start time for object. DateTime
@status The status of this object. String
@version Pipeline version the object was created with. String
@waitingOn Description of list of dependencies this object is waiting on. Reference Object, e.g. "waitingOn":{"ref":"myRunnableObjectId"}

System Fields Description Slot Type
@error Error describing the ill-formed object String
@pipelineId Id of the pipeline to which this object belongs to String
@sphere The sphere of an object denotes its place in the lifecycle: Component Objects give rise to Instance Objects which execute Attempt Objects String

See Also

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