Amazon Detective identity-based policy examples - Amazon Detective

Amazon Detective identity-based policy examples

By default, IAM users and roles don't have permission to create or modify Detective resources. They also can't perform tasks using the AWS Management Console, AWS CLI, or AWS API.

An IAM administrator must create IAM policies that grant users and roles permission to perform specific API operations on the specified resources they need. The administrator then attaches those policies to the IAM users or groups that require those permissions.

To learn how to create an IAM identity-based policy using these example JSON policy documents, see Creating Policies on the JSON Tab in the IAM User Guide.

Policy best practices

Identity-based policies determine whether someone can create, access, or delete Detective resources in your account. These actions can incur costs for your AWS account. When you create or edit identity-based policies, follow these guidelines and recommendations:

  • Get started with AWS managed policies and move toward least-privilege permissions – To get started granting permissions to your users and workloads, use the AWS managed policies that grant permissions for many common use cases. They are available in your AWS account. We recommend that you reduce permissions further by defining AWS customer managed policies that are specific to your use cases. For more information, see AWS managed policies or AWS managed policies for job functions in the IAM User Guide.

  • Apply least-privilege permissions – When you set permissions with IAM policies, grant only the permissions required to perform a task. You do this by defining the actions that can be taken on specific resources under specific conditions, also known as least-privilege permissions. For more information about using IAM to apply permissions, see Policies and permissions in IAM in the IAM User Guide.

  • Use conditions in IAM policies to further restrict access – You can add a condition to your policies to limit access to actions and resources. For example, you can write a policy condition to specify that all requests must be sent using SSL. You can also use conditions to grant access to service actions if they are used through a specific AWS service, such as AWS CloudFormation. For more information, see IAM JSON policy elements: Condition in the IAM User Guide.

  • Use IAM Access Analyzer to validate your IAM policies to ensure secure and functional permissions – IAM Access Analyzer validates new and existing policies so that the policies adhere to the IAM policy language (JSON) and IAM best practices. IAM Access Analyzer provides more than 100 policy checks and actionable recommendations to help you author secure and functional policies. For more information, see IAM Access Analyzer policy validation in the IAM User Guide.

  • Require multi-factor authentication (MFA) – If you have a scenario that requires IAM users or root users in your account, turn on MFA for additional security. To require MFA when API operations are called, add MFA conditions to your policies. For more information, see Configuring MFA-protected API access in the IAM User Guide.

For more information about best practices in IAM, see Security best practices in IAM in the IAM User Guide.

Using the Detective console

To use the Amazon Detective console, the user or role must have access to the relevant actions, which match corresponding actions in the API.

To enable Detective and become an administrator account for a behavior graph, the user or role must be granted permission for the CreateGraph action.

To use the Detective console to perform any administrator account actions, the user or role must be granted permission for the ListGraphs action. This grants permission to retrieve the behavior graphs their account is an administrator account for. They also must be granted permission to perform specific administrator account actions.

The most basic administrator account actions are to view a list of member accounts in a behavior graph, and to use the behavior graph for investigation.

  • To view the list of member accounts in a behavior graph, the principal must be granted permission for the ListMembers action.

  • To conduct investigation in a behavior graph, the principal must be granted permission for the SearchGraph action.

To use the Detective console to perform any member account actions, the user or role must be granted permission for the ListInvitations action. This grants permission to view behavior graph invitations. They can then be granted permission for specific member account actions.

Allowing users to view their own permissions

This example shows how you might create a policy that allows IAM users to view the inline and managed policies that are attached to their user identity. This policy includes permissions to complete this action on the console or programmatically using the AWS CLI or AWS API.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "ViewOwnUserInfo", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "iam:GetUserPolicy", "iam:ListGroupsForUser", "iam:ListAttachedUserPolicies", "iam:ListUserPolicies", "iam:GetUser" ], "Resource": ["arn:aws:iam::*:user/${aws:username}"] }, { "Sid": "NavigateInConsole", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "iam:GetGroupPolicy", "iam:GetPolicyVersion", "iam:GetPolicy", "iam:ListAttachedGroupPolicies", "iam:ListGroupPolicies", "iam:ListPolicyVersions", "iam:ListPolicies", "iam:ListUsers" ], "Resource": "*" } ] }

Administrator account: Managing the member accounts in a behavior graph

This example policy is intended for administrator account users who are only responsible for managing the member accounts used in the behavior graph. The policy also allows the user to view the usage information and deactivate Detective. The policy does not grant permission to use the behavior graph for investigation.

{"Version":"2012-10-17", "Statement":[ { "Effect":"Allow", "Action":["detective:ListMembers","detective:CreateMembers","detective:DeleteMembers","detective:DeleteGraph","detective:Get*","detective:StartMonitoringMember"], "Resource":"arn:aws:detective:us-east-1:111122223333:graph:027c7c4610ea4aacaf0b883093cab899" }, { "Effect":"Allow", "Action":["detective:CreateGraph","detective:ListGraphs"], "Resource":"*" } ] }

Administrator account: Using a behavior graph for investigation

This example policy is intended for administrator account users who use the behavior graph for investigation only. They cannot view or edit the list of member accounts in the behavior graph.

{"Version":"2012-10-17", "Statement":[ { "Effect":"Allow", "Action":["detective:SearchGraph"], "Resource":"arn:aws:detective:us-east-1:111122223333:graph:027c7c4610ea4aacaf0b883093cab899" }, { "Effect":"Allow", "Action":["detective:ListGraphs"], "Resource":"*" } ] }

Member account: Managing behavior graph invitations and memberships

This example policy is intended for users belonging to a member account. In the example, the member account belongs to two behavior graphs. The policy grants permission to respond to invitations and remove the member account from the behavior graph.

{"Version":"2012-10-17", "Statement":[ { "Effect":"Allow", "Action":["detective:AcceptInvitation","detective:RejectInvitation","detective:DisassociateMembership"], "Resource":[ "arn:aws:detective:us-east-1:111122223333:graph:027c7c4610ea4aacaf0b883093cab899", "arn:aws:detective:us-east-1:444455556666:graph:056d2a9521xi2bbluw1d164680eby416" ] }, { "Effect":"Allow", "Action":["detective:ListInvitations"], "Resource":"*" } ] }

Administrator account: Restricting access based on tag values

The following policy allows the user to use a behavior graph for investigation if the SecurityDomain tag of the behavior graph matches the SecurityDomain tag of the user.

{ "Version":"2012-10-17", "Statement":[ { "Effect":"Allow", "Action":["detective:SearchGraph"], "Resource":"arn:aws:detective:*:*:graph:*", "Condition": { "StringEquals"{ "aws:ResourceTag/SecurityDomain": "aws:PrincipalTag/SecurityDomain" } } }, { "Effect":"Allow", "Action":["detective:ListGraphs"], "Resource":"*" } ] }

The following policy prevents the users from using a behavior graph for investigation if the value of the SecurityDomain tag for the behavior graph is Finance.

{ "Version":"2012-10-17", "Statement":[ { "Effect":"Deny", "Action":["detective:SearchGraph"], "Resource":"arn:aws:detective:*:*:graph:*", "Condition": { "StringEquals": {"aws:ResourceTag/SecurityDomain": "Finance"} } } ] }