Using temporary credentials from AWS STS - AWS SDK for PHP

Using temporary credentials from AWS STS

AWS Security Token Service (AWS STS) enables you to request limited privilege, temporary credentials for IAM users, or for users that you authenticate via identity federation. For deeper understanding, see Temporary Security Credentials in the IAM User Guide. You can use temporary security credentials to access most AWS services. For a list of the services that accept temporary security credentials, see AWS services that work with IAM in the IAM User Guide.

One common use case for temporary credentials is to grant mobile or client-side applications access to AWS resources by authenticating users through third-party identity providers (see Web Identity Federation).

Getting temporary credentials

AWS STS has several operations that return temporary credentials, but the GetSessionToken operation is the simplest to demonstrate. Assuming you have an instance of Aws\Sts\StsClient stored in the $stsClient variable, you call it as follows.

$result = $stsClient->getSessionToken();

The result for GetSessionToken and the other AWS STS operations always contains a 'Credentials' value. If you print the result (e.g., print_r($result)), it looks like the following.

Array ( ... [Credentials] => Array ( [SessionToken] => '<base64 encoded session token value>' [SecretAccessKey] => '<temporary secret access key value>' [Expiration] => 2013-11-01T01:57:52Z [AccessKeyId] => '<temporary access key value>' ) ... )

Providing temporary credentials to the AWS SDK for PHP

You can use temporary credentials with another AWS client by instantiating the client and passing in the values received from AWS STS directly.

use Aws\S3\S3Client; $result = $stsClient->getSessionToken(); $s3Client = new S3Client([ 'version' => '2006-03-01', 'region' => 'us-west-2', 'credentials' => [ 'key' => $result['Credentials']['AccessKeyId'], 'secret' => $result['Credentials']['SecretAccessKey'], 'token' => $result['Credentials']['SessionToken'] ] ]);

You can also construct an Aws\Credentials\Credentials object and use that when instantiating the client.

use Aws\Credentials\Credentials; use Aws\S3\S3Client; $result = $stsClient->getSessionToken(); $credentials = new Credentials( $result['Credentials']['AccessKeyId'], $result['Credentials']['SecretAccessKey'], $result['Credentials']['SessionToken'] ); $s3Client = new S3Client([ 'version' => '2006-03-01', 'region' => 'us-west-2', 'credentials' => $credentials ]);

However, the best way to provide temporary credentials is to use the createCredentials() helper method included with the StsClient. This method extracts the data from an AWS STS result and creates the Credentials object for you.

$result = $stsClient->getSessionToken(); $credentials = $stsClient->createCredentials($result); $s3Client = new S3Client([ 'version' => '2006-03-01', 'region' => 'us-west-2', 'credentials' => $credentials ]);

For more information about why you might need to use temporary credentials in your application or project, see Scenarios for Granting Temporary Access in the AWS STS documentation.