AWS::Transfer::Server - AWS CloudFormation

AWS::Transfer::Server

Instantiates an auto-scaling virtual server based on the selected file transfer protocol in AWS. When you make updates to your file transfer protocol-enabled server or when you work with users, use the service-generated ServerId property that is assigned to the newly created server.

Syntax

To declare this entity in your AWS CloudFormation template, use the following syntax:

JSON

{ "Type" : "AWS::Transfer::Server", "Properties" : { "Certificate" : String, "Domain" : String, "EndpointDetails" : EndpointDetails, "EndpointType" : String, "IdentityProviderDetails" : IdentityProviderDetails, "IdentityProviderType" : String, "LoggingRole" : String, "PostAuthenticationLoginBanner" : String, "PreAuthenticationLoginBanner" : String, "ProtocolDetails" : ProtocolDetails, "Protocols" : [ Protocol, ... ], "SecurityPolicyName" : String, "Tags" : [ Tag, ... ], "WorkflowDetails" : WorkflowDetails } }

Properties

Certificate

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) certificate. Required when Protocols is set to FTPS.

To request a new public certificate, see Request a public certificate in the AWS Certificate Manager User Guide.

To import an existing certificate into ACM, see Importing certificates into ACM in the AWS Certificate Manager User Guide.

To request a private certificate to use FTPS through private IP addresses, see Request a private certificate in the AWS Certificate Manager User Guide.

Certificates with the following cryptographic algorithms and key sizes are supported:

  • 2048-bit RSA (RSA_2048)

  • 4096-bit RSA (RSA_4096)

  • Elliptic Prime Curve 256 bit (EC_prime256v1)

  • Elliptic Prime Curve 384 bit (EC_secp384r1)

  • Elliptic Prime Curve 521 bit (EC_secp521r1)

Note

The certificate must be a valid SSL/TLS X.509 version 3 certificate with FQDN or IP address specified and information about the issuer.

Required: No

Type: String

Maximum: 1600

Update requires: No interruption

Domain

Specifies the domain of the storage system that is used for file transfers.

Required: No

Type: String

Allowed values: EFS | S3

Update requires: Replacement

EndpointDetails

The virtual private cloud (VPC) endpoint settings that are configured for your server. When you host your endpoint within your VPC, you can make your endpoint accessible only to resources within your VPC, or you can attach Elastic IP addresses and make your endpoint accessible to clients over the internet. Your VPC's default security groups are automatically assigned to your endpoint.

Required: No

Type: EndpointDetails

Update requires: No interruption

EndpointType

The type of endpoint that you want your server to use. You can choose to make your server's endpoint publicly accessible (PUBLIC) or host it inside your VPC. With an endpoint that is hosted in a VPC, you can restrict access to your server and resources only within your VPC or choose to make it internet facing by attaching Elastic IP addresses directly to it.

Required: No

Type: String

Allowed values: PUBLIC | VPC | VPC_ENDPOINT

Update requires: No interruption

IdentityProviderDetails

Required when IdentityProviderType is set to AWS_DIRECTORY_SERVICE or API_GATEWAY. Accepts an array containing all of the information required to use a directory in AWS_DIRECTORY_SERVICE or invoke a customer-supplied authentication API, including the API Gateway URL. Not required when IdentityProviderType is set to SERVICE_MANAGED.

Required: No

Type: IdentityProviderDetails

Update requires: No interruption

IdentityProviderType

The mode of authentication for a server. The default value is SERVICE_MANAGED, which allows you to store and access user credentials within the AWS Transfer Family service.

Use AWS_DIRECTORY_SERVICE to provide access to Active Directory groups in AWS Directory Service for Microsoft Active Directory or Microsoft Active Directory in your on-premises environment or in AWS using AD Connector. This option also requires you to provide a Directory ID by using the IdentityProviderDetails parameter.

Use the API_GATEWAY value to integrate with an identity provider of your choosing. The API_GATEWAY setting requires you to provide an Amazon API Gateway endpoint URL to call for authentication by using the IdentityProviderDetails parameter.

Use the AWS_LAMBDA value to directly use an AWS Lambda function as your identity provider. If you choose this value, you must specify the ARN for the Lambda function in the Function parameter or the IdentityProviderDetails data type.

Required: No

Type: String

Allowed values: API_GATEWAY | AWS_DIRECTORY_SERVICE | AWS_LAMBDA | SERVICE_MANAGED

Update requires: Replacement

LoggingRole

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) role that allows a server to turn on Amazon CloudWatch logging for Amazon S3 or Amazon EFSevents. When set, you can view user activity in your CloudWatch logs.

Required: No

Type: String

Minimum: 20

Maximum: 2048

Pattern: arn:.*role/.*

Update requires: No interruption

PostAuthenticationLoginBanner

Specifies a string to display when users connect to a server. This string is displayed after the user authenticates.

Note

The SFTP protocol does not support post-authentication display banners.

Required: No

Type: String

Maximum: 512

Pattern: [\x09-\x0D\x20-\x7E]*

Update requires: No interruption

PreAuthenticationLoginBanner

Specifies a string to display when users connect to a server. This string is displayed before the user authenticates. For example, the following banner displays details about using the system:

This system is for the use of authorized users only. Individuals using this computer system without authority, or in excess of their authority, are subject to having all of their activities on this system monitored and recorded by system personnel.

Required: No

Type: String

Maximum: 512

Pattern: [\x09-\x0D\x20-\x7E]*

Update requires: No interruption

ProtocolDetails

The protocol settings that are configured for your server.

  • To indicate passive mode (for FTP and FTPS protocols), use the PassiveIp parameter. Enter a single dotted-quad IPv4 address, such as the external IP address of a firewall, router, or load balancer.

  • To ignore the error that is generated when the client attempts to use the SETSTAT command on a file that you are uploading to an Amazon S3 bucket, use the SetStatOption parameter. To have the AWS Transfer Family server ignore the SETSTAT command and upload files without needing to make any changes to your SFTP client, set the value to ENABLE_NO_OP. If you set the SetStatOption parameter to ENABLE_NO_OP, Transfer Family generates a log entry to Amazon CloudWatch Logs, so that you can determine when the client is making a SETSTAT call.

  • To determine whether your AWS Transfer Family server resumes recent, negotiated sessions through a unique session ID, use the TlsSessionResumptionMode parameter.

  • As2Transports indicates the transport method for the AS2 messages. Currently, only HTTP is supported.

Required: No

Type: ProtocolDetails

Update requires: No interruption

Protocols

Specifies the file transfer protocol or protocols over which your file transfer protocol client can connect to your server's endpoint. The available protocols are:

  • SFTP (Secure Shell (SSH) File Transfer Protocol): File transfer over SSH

  • FTPS (File Transfer Protocol Secure): File transfer with TLS encryption

  • FTP (File Transfer Protocol): Unencrypted file transfer

  • AS2 (Applicability Statement 2): used for transporting structured business-to-business data

Note
  • If you select FTPS, you must choose a certificate stored in AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) which is used to identify your server when clients connect to it over FTPS.

  • If Protocol includes either FTP or FTPS, then the EndpointType must be VPC and the IdentityProviderType must be AWS_DIRECTORY_SERVICE or API_GATEWAY.

  • If Protocol includes FTP, then AddressAllocationIds cannot be associated.

  • If Protocol is set only to SFTP, the EndpointType can be set to PUBLIC and the IdentityProviderType can be set to SERVICE_MANAGED.

  • If Protocol includes AS2, then the EndpointType must be VPC, and domain must be Amazon S3.

Required: No

Type: List of Protocol

Maximum: 4

Update requires: No interruption

SecurityPolicyName

Specifies the name of the security policy that is attached to the server.

Required: No

Type: String

Maximum: 100

Pattern: TransferSecurityPolicy-.+

Update requires: No interruption

Tags

Key-value pairs that can be used to group and search for servers.

Required: No

Type: List of Tag

Maximum: 50

Update requires: No interruption

WorkflowDetails

Specifies the workflow ID for the workflow to assign and the execution role that's used for executing the workflow.

Required: No

Type: WorkflowDetails

Update requires: No interruption

Return values

Ref

When you pass the logical ID of this resource to the intrinsic Ref function, Ref returns the server ARN, such as arn:aws:transfer:us-east-1:123456789012:server/s-01234567890abcdef.

For more information about using the Ref function, see Ref.

Fn::GetAtt

The Fn::GetAtt intrinsic function returns a value for a specified attribute of this type. The following are the available attributes and sample return values.

For more information about using the Fn::GetAtt intrinsic function, see Fn::GetAtt.

Arn

The Amazon Resource Name associated with the server, in the form arn:aws:transfer:region:account-id:server/server-id/.

An example of a server ARN is: arn:aws:transfer:us-east-1:123456789012:server/s-01234567890abcdef.

ServerId

The service-assigned ID of the server that is created.

An example ServerId is s-01234567890abcdef.

Examples

Create a server with VPC hosted endpoint type

The following example creates a Secure Shell (SSH) File Transfer Protocol (SFTP)-enabled server using a VPC hosted endpoint type with a custom identity provider, a CloudWatch logging role, security policy, and tags.

JSON

{ "AWSTemplateFormatVersion": "2010-09-09", "Description": "creates SFTP Server", "Resources": { "MyTransferServer": { "Type": "AWS::Transfer::Server", "Properties": { "EndpointDetails": { "AddressAllocationIds": [ "AddressAllocationId-1", "AddressAllocationId-2" ], "SubnetIds": [ "SubnetId-1", "SubnetId-2" ], "VpcId": "VpcId" }, "EndpointType": "VPC", "LoggingRole": "Logging-Role-ARN", "Protocols": [ "SFTP" ], "SecurityPolicyName": "Security-Policy-Name", "IdentityProviderDetails": { "InvocationRole": "Invocation-Role-ARN", "Url": "API_GATEWAY-Invocation-URL" }, "IdentityProviderType": "API_GATEWAY", "Tags": [ { "Key": "KeyName", "Value": "ValueName" } ] } } } }

YAML

AWSTemplateFormatVersion: '2010-09-09' Description: creates SFTP Server Resources: MyTransferServer: Type : AWS::Transfer::Server Properties : EndpointDetails: AddressAllocationIds: - AddressAllocationId-1 - AddressAllocationId-2 SubnetIds: - SubnetId-1 - SubnetId-2 VpcId: VpcId EndpointType: VPC LoggingRole: Logging-Role-ARN Protocols: - SFTP SecurityPolicyName: Security-Policy-Name IdentityProviderDetails: InvocationRole: Invocation-Role-ARN Url: API_GATEWAY-Invocation-URL IdentityProviderType: API_GATEWAY Tags: - Key: KeyName Value: ValueName

See also

CreateServer in the AWS Transfer Family User Guide.