API de bas niveau DynamoDB Streams : exemple Java - Amazon DynamoDB

API de bas niveau DynamoDB Streams : exemple Java

Note

Le code sur cette page n'est pas exhaustif et ne gère pas tous les scénarios de consommation d'Amazon DynamoDB Streams. La manière recommandée d'utiliser les registres de flux de DynamoDB est de le faire via l'adaptateur Amazon Kinesis en utilisant la bibliothèque client Kinesis (KCL), comme décrit dans Utilisation de l'adaptateur DynamoDB Streams Kinesis pour traiter des registres de flux.

Cette section contient un programme Java qui affiche DynamoDB Streams en action. Le programme exécute les tâches suivantes :

  1. Crée une table DynamoDB avec un flux activé.

  2. Description des paramètres de flux de cette table.

  3. Modifie les données de la table.

  4. Décrit les partitions du flux.

  5. Lit les enregistrements de flux des partitions.

  6. Nettoie.

Lorsque vous exécutez le programme, vous obtenez une sortie similaire à ce qui suit :

Issuing CreateTable request for TestTableForStreams Waiting for TestTableForStreams to be created... Current stream ARN for TestTableForStreams: arn:aws:dynamodb:us-east-2:123456789012:table/TestTableForStreams/stream/2018-03-20T16:49:55.208 Stream enabled: true Update view type: NEW_AND_OLD_IMAGES Performing write activities on TestTableForStreams Processing item 1 of 100 Processing item 2 of 100 Processing item 3 of 100 ... Processing item 100 of 100 Shard: {ShardId: shardId-1234567890-...,SequenceNumberRange: {StartingSequenceNumber: 01234567890...,},} Shard iterator: EjYFEkX2a26eVTWe... ApproximateCreationDateTime: Tue Mar 20 09:50:00 PDT 2018,Keys: {Id={N: 1,}},NewImage: {Message={S: New item!,}, Id={N: 1,}},SequenceNumber: 100000000003218256368,SizeBytes: 24,StreamViewType: NEW_AND_OLD_IMAGES} {ApproximateCreationDateTime: Tue Mar 20 09:50:00 PDT 2018,Keys: {Id={N: 1,}},NewImage: {Message={S: This item has changed,}, Id={N: 1,}},OldImage: {Message={S: New item!,}, Id={N: 1,}},SequenceNumber: 200000000003218256412,SizeBytes: 56,StreamViewType: NEW_AND_OLD_IMAGES} {ApproximateCreationDateTime: Tue Mar 20 09:50:00 PDT 2018,Keys: {Id={N: 1,}},OldImage: {Message={S: This item has changed,}, Id={N: 1,}},SequenceNumber: 300000000003218256413,SizeBytes: 36,StreamViewType: NEW_AND_OLD_IMAGES} ... Deleting the table... Demo complete

Exemple
/** * Copyright 2010-2019 Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. * * This file is licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"). * You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. A copy of * the License is located at * * http://aws.amazon.com/apache2.0/ * * This file is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR * CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the * specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License. */ package com.amazon.codesamples; import java.util.ArrayList; import java.util.Arrays; import java.util.HashMap; import java.util.List; import java.util.Map; import com.amazonaws.AmazonClientException; import com.amazonaws.auth.DefaultAWSCredentialsProviderChain; import com.amazonaws.regions.Regions; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.AmazonDynamoDB; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.AmazonDynamoDBClientBuilder; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.AmazonDynamoDBStreams; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.AmazonDynamoDBStreamsClientBuilder; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.AttributeAction; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.AttributeDefinition; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.AttributeValue; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.AttributeValueUpdate; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.CreateTableRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.DescribeStreamRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.DescribeStreamResult; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.DescribeTableResult; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.GetRecordsRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.GetRecordsResult; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.GetShardIteratorRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.GetShardIteratorResult; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.KeySchemaElement; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.KeyType; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.ProvisionedThroughput; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.Record; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.Shard; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.ShardIteratorType; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.StreamSpecification; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.model.StreamViewType; import com.amazonaws.services.dynamodbv2.util.TableUtils; public class StreamsLowLevelDemo { public static void main(String args[]) throws InterruptedException { AmazonDynamoDB dynamoDBClient = AmazonDynamoDBClientBuilder .standard() .withRegion(Regions.US_EAST_2) .withCredentials(new DefaultAWSCredentialsProviderChain()) .build(); AmazonDynamoDBStreams streamsClient = AmazonDynamoDBStreamsClientBuilder .standard() .withRegion(Regions.US_EAST_2) .withCredentials(new DefaultAWSCredentialsProviderChain()) .build(); // Create a table, with a stream enabled String tableName = "TestTableForStreams"; ArrayList<AttributeDefinition> attributeDefinitions = new ArrayList<>( Arrays.asList(new AttributeDefinition() .withAttributeName("Id") .withAttributeType("N"))); ArrayList<KeySchemaElement> keySchema = new ArrayList<>( Arrays.asList(new KeySchemaElement() .withAttributeName("Id") .withKeyType(KeyType.HASH))); // Partition key StreamSpecification streamSpecification = new StreamSpecification() .withStreamEnabled(true) .withStreamViewType(StreamViewType.NEW_AND_OLD_IMAGES); CreateTableRequest createTableRequest = new CreateTableRequest().withTableName(tableName) .withKeySchema(keySchema).withAttributeDefinitions(attributeDefinitions) .withProvisionedThroughput(new ProvisionedThroughput() .withReadCapacityUnits(10L) .withWriteCapacityUnits(10L)) .withStreamSpecification(streamSpecification); System.out.println("Issuing CreateTable request for " + tableName); dynamoDBClient.createTable(createTableRequest); System.out.println("Waiting for " + tableName + " to be created..."); try { TableUtils.waitUntilActive(dynamoDBClient, tableName); } catch (AmazonClientException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } // Print the stream settings for the table DescribeTableResult describeTableResult = dynamoDBClient.describeTable(tableName); String streamArn = describeTableResult.getTable().getLatestStreamArn(); System.out.println("Current stream ARN for " + tableName + ": " + describeTableResult.getTable().getLatestStreamArn()); StreamSpecification streamSpec = describeTableResult.getTable().getStreamSpecification(); System.out.println("Stream enabled: " + streamSpec.getStreamEnabled()); System.out.println("Update view type: " + streamSpec.getStreamViewType()); System.out.println(); // Generate write activity in the table System.out.println("Performing write activities on " + tableName); int maxItemCount = 100; for (Integer i = 1; i <= maxItemCount; i++) { System.out.println("Processing item " + i + " of " + maxItemCount); // Write a new item Map<String, AttributeValue> item = new HashMap<>(); item.put("Id", new AttributeValue().withN(i.toString())); item.put("Message", new AttributeValue().withS("New item!")); dynamoDBClient.putItem(tableName, item); // Update the item Map<String, AttributeValue> key = new HashMap<>(); key.put("Id", new AttributeValue().withN(i.toString())); Map<String, AttributeValueUpdate> attributeUpdates = new HashMap<>(); attributeUpdates.put("Message", new AttributeValueUpdate() .withAction(AttributeAction.PUT) .withValue(new AttributeValue() .withS("This item has changed"))); dynamoDBClient.updateItem(tableName, key, attributeUpdates); // Delete the item dynamoDBClient.deleteItem(tableName, key); } // Get all the shard IDs from the stream. Note that DescribeStream returns // the shard IDs one page at a time. String lastEvaluatedShardId = null; do { DescribeStreamResult describeStreamResult = streamsClient.describeStream( new DescribeStreamRequest() .withStreamArn(streamArn) .withExclusiveStartShardId(lastEvaluatedShardId)); List<Shard> shards = describeStreamResult.getStreamDescription().getShards(); // Process each shard on this page for (Shard shard : shards) { String shardId = shard.getShardId(); System.out.println("Shard: " + shard); // Get an iterator for the current shard GetShardIteratorRequest getShardIteratorRequest = new GetShardIteratorRequest() .withStreamArn(streamArn) .withShardId(shardId) .withShardIteratorType(ShardIteratorType.TRIM_HORIZON); GetShardIteratorResult getShardIteratorResult = streamsClient.getShardIterator(getShardIteratorRequest); String currentShardIter = getShardIteratorResult.getShardIterator(); // Shard iterator is not null until the Shard is sealed (marked as READ_ONLY). // To prevent running the loop until the Shard is sealed, which will be on average // 4 hours, we process only the items that were written into DynamoDB and then exit. int processedRecordCount = 0; while (currentShardIter != null && processedRecordCount < maxItemCount) { System.out.println(" Shard iterator: " + currentShardIter.substring(380)); // Use the shard iterator to read the stream records GetRecordsResult getRecordsResult = streamsClient.getRecords(new GetRecordsRequest() .withShardIterator(currentShardIter)); List<Record> records = getRecordsResult.getRecords(); for (Record record : records) { System.out.println(" " + record.getDynamodb()); } processedRecordCount += records.size(); currentShardIter = getRecordsResult.getNextShardIterator(); } } // If LastEvaluatedShardId is set, then there is // at least one more page of shard IDs to retrieve lastEvaluatedShardId = describeStreamResult.getStreamDescription().getLastEvaluatedShardId(); } while (lastEvaluatedShardId != null); // Delete the table System.out.println("Deleting the table..."); dynamoDBClient.deleteTable(tableName); System.out.println("Demo complete"); } }