Configuring a FreeRTOS kernel port - FreeRTOS

Configuring a FreeRTOS kernel port

This section provides instructions for integrating a port of the FreeRTOS kernel into a FreeRTOS port-testing project. For a list of available kernel ports, see FreeRTOS Kernel Ports.

FreeRTOS uses the FreeRTOS kernel for multitasking and inter-task communications. For more information, see the FreeRTOS Kernel Fundamentals in the FreeRTOS User Guide and


Porting the FreeRTOS kernel to a new architecture is out of the scope of this documentation. If you are interested in porting the FreeRTOS kernel to a new architecture, contact the FreeRTOS engineering team.

For the FreeRTOS Qualification program, only existing ports are supported. Modifications to these ports are not accepted within the Qualification program. Only the official ports that can be downloaded from Github or Sourceforge are accepted.


To set up the FreeRTOS kernel for porting, you need the following:

  • An official FreeRTOS kernel port for the target platform.

  • An IDE project or CMakeLists.txt list file that includes the correct FreeRTOS kernel port files for the target platform and compiler.

    For information about setting up a test project, see Setting Up Your FreeRTOS Source Code for Porting.

  • An implementation of the configPRINT_STRING() macro for your device.

    For information about implementing configPRINT_STRING(), see Implementing the configPRINT_STRING() macro.

Configuring the FreeRTOS kernel

The header file freertos/vendors/vendor/boards/board/aws_tests/config_files/FreeRTOSConfig.h specifies application-specific configuration settings for the FreeRTOS kernel. For a description of each configuration option, see Customisation on

To configure the FreeRTOS kernel to work with your device, open FreeRTOSConfig.h, and verify that the configuration options in the following table are correctly specified for your platform.

Configuration option Description


Specifies the frequency of the clock used to generate the tick interrupt.


Specifies the minimum stack size. As a starting point, this can be set to the value used in the official FreeRTOS demo for the FreeRTOS kernel port in use. Official FreeRTOS demos are those distributed from the website. Make sure that stack overflow checking is set to 2, and increase configMINIMAL_STACK_SIZE if overflows occur. To save RAM, set stack sizes to the minimum value that does not result in a stack overflow.


Sets the size of the FreeRTOS heap. Like task stack sizes, the heap size can be tuned to ensure unused heap space does not consume RAM.


If you are porting ARM Cortex-M3, M4, or M7 devices, you must also specify configPRIO_BITS and configMAX_SYSCALL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY correctly.


  1. Open /libraries/freertos_plus/standard/utils/src/iot_system_init.c, and comment out the line that calls SOCKETS_Init() from within function SYSTEM_Init(). This initialization function belongs to a library that you haven't ported yet. The porting section for this library includes instructions to uncomment this function.

  2. Build the test project, and then flash it to your device for execution.

  3. If "." appears in the UART console every 5 seconds, then the FreeRTOS kernel is configured correctly, and testing is complete.

    Open freertos/vendors/vendor/boards/board/aws_tests/config_files/FreeRTOSConfig.h, and set configUSE_IDLE_HOOK to 0 to stop the kernel from executing vApplicationIdleHook() and outputting ".".

  4. If "." appears at any frequency other than 5 seconds, open FreeRTOSConfig.h and verify that configCPU_CLOCK_HZ is set to the correct value for your board.

After you have configured the FreeRTOS kernel port for your device, you can start porting the Wi-Fi library. See Porting the Wi-Fi library for instructions.